Paul s Financial Policy

Author: David E. Briones
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0567361810
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book attempts to prove the consistent nature of Paul's financial policy by drawing from his social environment and theological convictions to tease out a three-way relational pattern with God as the source of all possessions. This three-way relational framework not only dictates Paul's decision to accept or reject finances from his churches but also directly challenges long-standing claims made about Paul's financial policy. After outlining the various approaches that scholars have taken to make sense of Paul's seemingly inconsistent financial policy, this book provides a close exegetical analysis of relevant passages in Philippians, 1 Corinthians, and 2 Corinthians in order to unearth a three-way relational pattern found in Philippians but that is absent from the Corinthian Correspondence. In Paul's positive gift-exchange relationship with the Philippians, God is acknowledged as the source of all possessions, whereas the Corinthians are criticized for striving after two-way exchanges that result in honor, power, and prestige.After this is demonstrated, a socio-theological reason for Paul's refusal of Corinthian gifts is propounded. Paul refused Corinthian support, not because they desired to patronise him as a dependent client, but because they sought to be under Paul as their superior, an act that neglected God as the superior source of all gifts in the divine economy. Paul therefore refuses their support to avoid two-way relationships of gift so prevalent in ancient society and to underscore the source of the gift of the gospel, the one from whom and through whom and to whom are all things - God.

Der erste Brief des Paulus an die Korinther

Author: Eckhard J. Schnabel
Publisher: SCM R.Brockhaus
ISBN: 3417227496
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Die Historisch-Theologische Auslegungsreihe des Neuen Testaments ist ein Projekt von Exegeten aus dem evangelikalen Bereich. Sie will mit wissenschaftlicher Gründlichkeit die Aussagen der neutestamentlichen Texte im Hinblick auf ihre historische Situation, ihre literarische Eigenart und mit betonter Berücksichtigung ihrer theologischen Anliegen erläutern und verständlich machen. Dabei werden neben den traditionellen auch neuere exegetische Methoden und Forschungsergebnisse berücksichtigt. Das Besondere dieser Kommentarreihe ist, dass über die möglichst präzise historische Erklärung hinaus Brücken in die kirchliche Gegenwart geschlagen werden. Die Auslegung behält dabei die Praxis von Verkündigung und Seelsorge im Blick. Stand: 2. Auflage 2010 Die Kommentarreihe folgt einem durchgängigen vierteiligen Aufbau: In Abschnitt I wird eine präzise und wortgetreue Übersetzung der neutestamentlichen Texte geboten. In Abschnitt II finden sich Bemerkungen zum Kontext, zum Aufbau, zur literarischen Form oder Gattung sowie zum theologischen Hintergrund des jeweiligen Abschnitts. Abschnitt III bietet eine gründliche Vers-für-Vers-Exegese. Abschnitt IV ist als Zusammenfassung zu verstehen, in der auch die Wrikungsgeschichte der Verse verfolgt sowie ein Brückenschlag in die Gegenwart und die praktische Anwendung gegeben wird.

Creating Art for All Ages

Author: Frances Flicker
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1475842112
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is an interdisciplinary guide to connect art lessons with core curriculum. Social studies, language arts, math, and/or science are supported in every unit. It is an ideal source for elementary and middle school teachers to enrich their curriculum. It is an invaluable tool for art teachers.

A Short History of Ancient Greece

Author: P.J. Rhodes
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1780765940
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Classical Greece and its legacy have long inspired a powerful and passionate fascination. The civilization that bequeathed to later ages drama and democracy, Homer and heroism, myth and Mycenae and the Delphic Oracle and the Olympic Games has, perhaps more than any other, helped shape the intellectual contours of the modern world. P J Rhodes is among the most distinguished historians of antiquity. In this elegant, zesty new survey he explores the archaic (8th - early 5th centuries BCE), classical (5th and 4th centuries BCE) and Hellenistic (late 4th - mid-2nd centuries BCE) periods up to the beginning of Roman hegemony. His scope is that of the people who originated on the Greek mainland and Aegean islands who later migrated to the shores of the Mediterranean and Black Seas, and then (following the conquests of Alexander) to the Near East and beyond. Exploring topics such as the epic struggle with Persia; the bitter rivalry of Athens and Sparta; slaves and ethnicity; religion and philosophy; and literature and the visual arts, this authoritative book will attract students and non-specialists in equal measure.

Ancient Greece

Author: T. D. Van Basten
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781532835568
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Greatest Military Leader in History Alexander III of Macedon, better known to the world as Alexander the Great, was one of the most powerful rulers of the ancient world. During his time, he amassed the largest amount of land that the Greek empire would ever see. He seemed to capture land with ease and managed to spread the culture and language of the Greek empire far and wide, ushering in what is referred to as the Hellenic Period. Born the son of King Philip II of Macedon and his main wife, Olympias, Alexander had a privileged upbringing. While much about his childhood has been lost to the proverbial sands of time, we know that he had a very close relationship with his mother and a rather tumultuous relationship with his father, as his father was gone a good deal of the time, conquering lands and their women. It was during the time of his father that the various Greek city-states came together under a single ruler. Dubbed the League of Corinth, it was comprised of all the regional city-states and Philip II was the sole leader of the League. He was, unfortunately, unexpectedly assassinated at his daughter's wedding, which threw the League and Macedonia into a bit of chaos...

A Dictionary of the Ancient Greek World

Author: David Sacks
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195112061
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Alphabetically arranged entries provide a detailed look at the history of this ancient culture, covering such topics as art, architecture, technology, and women's roles.

The Greek World 479 323 BC

Author: Simon Hornblower
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415065577
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Looks at areas of the Mediterranean world in which Greek culture flourished in the fifth and fourth centuries BC

The Spartan Military

Author: Charles River Charles River Editors
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781981856923
Format: PDF, Docs
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*Includes pictures *Includes ancient accounts describing the Spartan military *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "The only men in the world with whom war brought a respite from training for war." - Plutarch's description of Spartan warriors "The walls of Sparta were its young men, and its borders the points of their spears." - attributed to King Agesilaos There have been no shortage of great warrior societies in history, including the Romans, Mongols, Macedonians, and Vikings, the list goes on. Yet one humble city in particular, nestled in a valley near the Eurotas river in the Greek region of the Peloponnese and once ridiculed as little more than a cluster of villages inhabited by uncouth shepherds, produced the most famous warrior elite the world has ever known. The most unique city-state in Ancient Greece was Sparta, which continues to fascinate contemporaneous society. It is not entirely clear why Sparta placed such a great emphasis on having a militaristic society, but the result was that military fitness was a preoccupation from birth. If a Spartan baby did not appear physically fit at birth, it was left to die. Spartan children underwent military training around the age of 7 years old, and every male had to join the army around the age of 18. The Spartans, whose carefully constructed approach to warfare and - there is no other word for it - Spartan way of life, earned the grudging admiration of all of Greece and succeeded in establishing themselves in the years following the reforms of the semi-legendary ruler Lycurgus as the greatest military force in all of Hellas. Athens might have the mightiest fleet and the greatest cadre of philosophers and dramatists, Thessaly might have had the most vaunted cavalry, and the great city-states of Argos, Thebes and Corinth all had their own claims to fame, but on the battlefield the Spartan phalanx stood without peer. So feared were they in Greece that their very appearance on the battlefield could cause entire enemy armies to flee in terror, and in one of history's most famous battles, 300 Spartan warriors headed a combined Greek force which held off the hundreds of thousands of Persian warriors of Xerxes's invading army for three days at Thermopylae, inflicting an estimated 20,000 casualties upon them before dying to the last man rather than retreating. Sparta will forever be known for its military prowess, but they had lives off the battlefield as well, and their way of life was also unique. For example, Spartan females were formally educated, which was a rarity among the city-states, and the Spartan way of life was entirely dependent on a class of indentured servants known as the helots. Yet the Laws of Lycurgus, which ordered all Spartans to disregard art (with the exception of song, which the Spartans prized, and some forms of music and poetry), to distrust philosophy, and to abhor excess in all things, were designed to create the perfect warrior society, and they did. As a result, the Spartans became notorious for "Laconic phrases." The Spartan Military: The History and Legacy of the Ancient World's Most Renowned Army looks at the history of the Spartan military, and how it became one of the most fearsome fighting forces in history. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Spartan military like never before.