Cosmology

Author: Edward Harrison
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139643452
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Cosmology: The Science of the Universe is an introduction to past and present cosmological theory. For much of the world's history, cosmological thought was formulated in religious or philosophical language and was thus theological or metaphysical in nature. However, cosmological speculation and theory has now become a science in which the empirical discoveries of the astronomer, theoretical physicist, and biologist are woven into intricate models that attempt to account for the universe as a whole. Professor Harrison draws on the discoveries and speculations of these scientists to provide a comprehensive survey of man's current understanding of the universe and its history. Tracing the rise of the scientific method, the major aim of this book is to provide an elementary understanding of the physical universe of modern times. Thoroughly revised and updated, this second edition extends the much acclaimed first edition taking into account the many developments that have occurred.

How The Universe Works Introduction To Modern Cosmology

Author: Parnowski Aleksei S
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813234962
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is about the history and the current state of the art in the exciting field of cosmology — the science about the Universe as a whole, which is guaranteed to attract the attention of a wide range of readers. It mostly aims to explain the main ideas of modern cosmology: the expanding Universe, its creation in a Big Bang, its evolution, characteristics, and structure, as well as issues — dark matter and dark energy, black holes and other exotic objects etc. It also answers most frequently asked questions about cosmology. How the Universe Works stands between a popular science book and a textbook, acting as a sort of a bridge across the great chasm separating popular science from true science. It can be also used as an introductory textbook for undergraduate students. It is also suitable for the non-experts in cosmology who wish to have an overview of the current state of the field. It is different from most popular science books because it avoids cutting corners in explanations and contains justification for various assumptions or estimations made in cosmology. It does not hide problems faced by modern cosmology as well as issues the community has no consensus about. It also does not try to pass hypotheses for established theories, which is not uncommon in scholarly articles. Contents: The Laws of the UniverseThe Expanding UniverseEarly UniverseDark MatterDark EnergyBlack Holes and Other Exotics Readership: Students and teachers, also suitable for the general public, together with astronomy enthusiasts. Keywords: Cosmology;Popular Science;Physics;Gravitation;Relativity;Astrophysics;Universe;Big BangReview: Key Features: The book offers high-quality popular description of cosmology and related subjects, aimed both at general audience and professional scientists from other fieldsThe book contains detailed and comprehensive explanations of all main cosmological issues, as well as the latest available data and results with due discussionThe book contains the derivation of cosmological equations without the use of the complicated mathematical formalism of General Relativity, and thus can be used as a basic textbook

Das unbekannte Universum

Author: Stuart Clark
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662548968
Format: PDF, ePub
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Eine Tour d'horizon bis an die Grenzen des Kosmos In zehn Kapiteln präsentiert Stuart Clark eine aktuelle Einführung in die Wissenschaft der Kosmologie: wie sie sich entwickelt hat, welche Konzepte und Personen sie maßgeblich geprägt haben, wo wir heute stehen – und wie es weitergehen könnte. Am 21. März 2013 veröffentlichte die Europäische Weltraumorganisation ESA eine neue Karte vom Echo des Urknalls. Diese – im Zuge der Planck-Mission erstellte – erste vollständige Karte der kosmischen Hintergrundstrahlung war ein wissenschaftlicher Paukenschlag. Über eine Zeit von 13,8 Milliarden Jahren hinweg und über einen Raum von 440 Trillionen Kilometern kann es physikalisch keine bessere Darstellung geben – das heißt, wir werden das frühe Universum kaum je detaillierter sehen. Einerseits erscheint eine solche Ansicht wie die Krönung der modernen Kosmologie, andererseits rüttelt sie an viele ihrer Grundfesten. Denn die Karte enthält Anomalien, die unser bisheriges Verständnis des Universums herausfordern. Sie zwingt uns, das, was bekannt ist, und das, was noch unbekannt ist, in neuem Licht zu betrachten. Wir werden ein verändertes Modell unseres Universums entwickeln müssen. Dies ist das erste Buch, das diesen epochalen wissenschaftlichen Paradigmenwechsel beleuchtet - und in einen breiteren Kontext stellt. Stuart Clark beschäftigt sich darin unter anderem mit der Frage, ob Newtons berühmte Gravitationsgesetze umgeschrieben werden müssen - oder ob die dunkle Materie und die dunkle Energie, die heute Schlagzeilen machen, etwa nur kosmische Phantome sind. Können wir jemals wissen, was vor dem Urknall passiert ist? Was befindet sich am Ende eines Schwarzen Loches? Gibt es Universen jenseits unseres eigenen? Existiert die Zeit? Wandeln sich die einst unveränderlich erscheinenden Gesetze der Physik?

Cosmic Understanding

Author: Milton K. Munitz
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691020594
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this work the distinguished philosopher Milton Munitz provides a lucid account of the chief empirical findings and theories of recent cosmology and a systematic assessment of their broader philosophical implications.

Romancing the Universe

Author: Jeffrey G. Sobosan
Publisher: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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If religious belief is to remain intellectually persuasive in the coming century, it will need to seek a mutually respectful partnership with the leading theories and findings of science. In this finely constructed reflection on the relationship between theology and scientific inquiry, Jeffrey Sobosan shows how this goal might be achieved by wedding the best from both disciplines into a single coherent vision of the cosmos. Romancing the Universe urges a new symmetry in our modern quest for truth, one that allows theology to incorporate science into its doctrines while refusing to diminish the contribution theology can make to science. Sobosan discusses the scientific and theological aspects of many of the major themes in cosmology, including the beginning and end of the universe, the origins of matter and life, the presence of cosmic order, the possibility of intelligent life elsewhere in the universe, and the aesthetics of scientific theorizing.

Cosmology

Author: Norriss S. Hetherington
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780815309345
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A most interesting collection of detailed but accessible contributions examining cosmology from multiple perspectives. The 31 chapters are organized in nine sections: cosmology and culture, the Greeks' geometrical cosmos, medieval cosmology and literature, the scientific revolution, galaxies--from speculation to science, the expanding universe, particle physics and cosmology, cosmology and philosophy, and cosmology and religion. Each section is individually introduced. Paper edition (unseen), $18.95. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology

Author: Derek Raine
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750304054
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A thorough introduction to modern ideas on cosmology and on the physical basis of the general theory of relativity, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology explores various theories and ideas in big bang cosmology, providing insight into current problems. Assuming no previous knowledge of astronomy or cosmology, this book takes you beyond introductory texts to the point where you are able to read and appreciate the scientific literature, which is broadly referenced in the book. The authors present the standard big bang theory of the universe and provide an introduction to current inflationary cosmology, emphasizing the underlying physics without excessive technical detail. The book treats cosmological models without reliance on prior knowledge of general relativity, the necessary physics being introduced in the text as required. It also covers recent observational evidence pointing to an accelerating expansion of the universe. The first several chapters provide an introduction to the topics discussed later in the book. The next few chapters introduce relativistic cosmology and the classic observational tests. One chapter gives the main results of the hot big bang theory. Next, the book presents the inflationary model and discusses the problem of the origin of structure and the correspondingly more detailed tests of relativistic models. Finally, the book considers some general issues raised by expansion and isotropy. A reference section completes the work by listing essential formulae, symbols, and physical constants. Beyond the level of many elementary books on cosmology, An Introduction to the Science of Cosmology encompasses numerous recent developments and ideas in the area. It provides more detailed coverage than many other titles available, and the inclusion of problems at the end of each chapter aids in self study and makes the book suitable for taught courses.

Cosmology Revealed Living Inside the Cosmic Egg

Author: Anthony Fairall
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781852333225
Format: PDF, Docs
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Through Fairall's clear writing style, this book explains the very nature of the universe in which we dwell and incorporates a special color feature that offers three-dimensional views of the surrounding universe to ever greater depth.

Cosmology and Controversy

Author: Helge Kragh
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691005461
Format: PDF, Docs
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For over three millennia, most people could understand the universe only in terms of myth, religion, and philosophy. Between 1920 and 1970, cosmology transformed into a branch of physics. With this remarkably rapid change came a theory that would finally lend empirical support to many long-held beliefs about the origins and development of the entire universe: the theory of the big bang. In this book, Helge Kragh presents the development of scientific cosmology for the first time as a historical event, one that embroiled many famous scientists in a controversy over the very notion of an evolving universe with a beginning in time. In rich detail he examines how the big-bang theory drew inspiration from and eventually triumphed over rival views, mainly the steady-state theory and its concept of a stationary universe of infinite age. In the 1920s, Alexander Friedmann and Georges Lema�tre showed that Einstein's general relativity equations possessed solutions for a universe expanding in time. Kragh follows the story from here, showing how the big-bang theory evolved, from Edwin Hubble's observation that most galaxies are receding from us, to the discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation. Sir Fred Hoyle proposed instead the steady-state theory, a model of dynamic equilibrium involving the continuous creation of matter throughout the universe. Although today it is generally accepted that the universe started some ten billion years ago in a big bang, many readers may not fully realize that this standard view owed much of its formation to the steady-state theory. By exploring the similarities and tensions between the theories, Kragh provides the reader with indispensable background for understanding much of today's commentary about our universe.