Cosmopolitanism and the Geographies of Freedom

Author: David Harvey
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231148461
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Liberty and freedom are frequently invoked to justify political action. Presidents as diverse as Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Ronald Reagan, and George W. Bush have built their policies on some version of these noble values. Yet in practice, idealist agendas often turn sour as they confront specific circumstances on the ground. Demonstrated by incidents at Abu Ghraib and Guant‡namo Bay, the pursuit of liberty and freedom can lead to violence and repression, undermining our trust in universal theories of liberalism, neoliberalism, and cosmopolitanism. Combining his passions for politics and geography, David Harvey charts a cosmopolitan order more appropriate to an emancipatory form of global governance. Political agendas tend to fail, he argues, because they ignore the complexities of geography. Incorporating geographical knowledge into the formation of social and political policy is therefore a necessary condition for genuine democracy. Harvey begins with an insightful critique of the political uses of freedom and liberty, especially during the George W. Bush administration. Then, through an ontological investigation into geography's foundational concepts& mdash;space, place, and environment& mdash;he radically reframes geographical knowledge as a basis for social theory and political action. As Harvey makes clear, the cosmopolitanism that emerges is rooted in human experience rather than illusory ideals and brings us closer to achieving the liberation we seek.

Environmentalism Resistance and Solidarity

Author: B. Doherty
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137316713
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Drawing from a rich mix of survey data, interviews, and access to internal meetings, Brian Doherty and Timothy Doyle show how FoEI has developed a distinctive environmentalism, which allows for the differences in context between regions and across the North-South divide.

Not in Our Lifetimes

Author: Michael C. Dawson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226138658
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, polls revealed that only 20 percent of African Americans believed that racial equality for blacks would be achieved in their lifetime. But following the election of Barack Obama, that number leaped to more than half. Did that dramatic shift in opinion really reflect a change in the vitality of black politics—and hope for improvement in the lives of African Americans? Or was it a onetime surge brought on by the euphoria of an extraordinary election? With Not in Our Lifetimes, Michael C. Dawson shows definitively that it is the latter: for all the talk about a new post-racial America, the fundamental realities of American racism—and the problems facing black political movements—have not changed. He lays out a nuanced analysis of the persistence of racial inequality and structural disadvantages, and the ways that whites and blacks continue to see the same problems—the disastrous response to Katrina being a prime example—through completely different, race-inflected lenses. In fact, argues Dawson, the new era heralded by Obama’s election ist more racially complicated, as the widening class gap among African Americans and the hot-button issue of immigration have the potential to create new fissures for conservative and race-based exploitation. Bringing his account up to the present with a thoughtful account of the rise of the Tea Parties and the largely successful "blackening" of the president, Dawson ultimately argues that black politics remains weak—and that achieving the dream of racial and economic equality will require the sort of coalition-building and reaching across racial divides that have always marked successful political movements. Polemical but clear-eyed, passionate but pragmatic, Not in Our Lifetimes will force us to rethink our easy assumptions about racial progress—and begin the hard work of creating real, lasting change.

Paul and the Politics of Diaspora

Author: Ronald Charles
Publisher: Fortress Press
ISBN: 1451489757
Format: PDF
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It is a commonplace today that Paul was a Jew of the Hellenistic Diaspora, but how does that observation help us to understand his thinking, his self-identification, and his practice? Ronald Charles applies the insights of contemporary diaspora studies to address much-debated questions about Paul’s identity as a diaspora Jew, his complicated relationship with a highly symbolized “homeland,” the motives of his daily work, and the ambivalence of his rhetoric. Charles argues for understanding a number of important aspects of Paul’s identity and work, including the ways his interactions with others were conditioned, by his diaspora space, his self-understanding, and his experience “among the nations.” Diaspora space is a key concept that allows Charles to show how Paul’s travels and the collection project in particular can be read as a transcultural narrative. Understanding the dynamics of diaspora also allows Charles to bring new light to the conflict at Antioch (Galatians 1–2), Paul’s relationships with the Gentiles in Galatia, and the fraught relationship with leaders in Jerusalem.

Whose Cosmopolitanism

Author: Nina Glick Schiller
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782384464
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The term cosmopolitan is increasingly used within different social, cultural and political settings, including academia, popular media and national politics. However those who invoke the cosmopolitan project rarely ask whose experience, understanding, or vision of cosmopolitanism is being described and for whose purposes? In response, this volume assembles contributors from different disciplines and theoretical backgrounds to examine cosmopolitanism's possibilities, aspirations and applications-as well as its tensions, contradictions, and discontents-so as to offer a critical commentary on the vital but often neglected question: whose cosmopolitanism? The book investigates when, where, and how cosmopolitanism emerges as a contemporary social process, global aspiration or emancipatory political project and asks whether it can serve as a political or methodological framework for action in a world of conflict and difference.

Hiroshima After Iraq

Author: Rosalyn Deutsche
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231526490
Format: PDF, Docs
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Many on the left lament an apathy or amnesia toward recent acts of war. Particularly during the George W. Bush administration's invasion of Iraq, opposition to war seemed to lack the heat and potency of the 1960s and 1970s, giving the impression that passionate dissent was all but dead. Through an analysis of three politically engaged works of art, Rosalyn Deutsche argues against this melancholic attitude, confirming the power of contemporary art to criticize subjectivity as well as war. Deutsche selects three videos centered on the deployment of the atomic bomb: Krzysztof Wodiczko's Hiroshima Projection (1999), made after the first Gulf War; Silvia Kolbowski's After Hiroshima mon amour (2005-2008); and Leslie Thornton's Let Me Count the Ways (2004-2008), which followed the U.S. invasion of Iraq. Each of these works confronts the ethical task of addressing historical disaster, and each explores the intersection of past and present wars. These artworks profoundly contribute to the discourse of war resistance, illuminating the complex dynamics of viewing and interpretation. Deutsche employs feminist and psychoanalytic approaches in her study, questioning both the role of totalizing images in the production of warlike subjects and the fantasies that perpetuate, especially among the left, traditional notions of political dissent. She ultimately reveals the passive collusion between leftist critique and dominant discourse in which personal dimensions of war are denied.

Einf hrung in die Literaturtheorie

Author: Martin Sexl
Publisher: UTB
ISBN: 3825225275
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das Besondere dieser Darstellung der Entwicklungen des literaturtheoretischen Denkens ist erstens der historische Blick, der bis in die Antike zurückreicht, und zweitens das große Augenmerk auf den didaktischen Aspekt, das diese Einführung insbesondere für StudienanfängerInnen geeignet macht. Der historische Abriss bietet, als Geschichte \'erzählt\', einen ersten Überblick über die Zusammenhänge literaturtheoretischer Entwicklungen und kommt ohne Zitate und ohne Fußnoten aus. Daran schließen sechs Detailstudien zu den wichtigsten Theorien des 20. Jahrhunderts an.

Philologie der Weltliteratur

Author: Erich Auerbach
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 310560801X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Auerbachs Kenntnis der europäischen Literaturen, ihrer Geschichte und Wechselbeziehungen war immens – gerade darum aber vermochte er auch an unscheinbaren formalen und stilistischen Details übergreifende Zusammenhänge zu entfalten, die ideologische Frontlinien ebenso einschließen wie spezifische Erwartungshaltungen des Publikums. Seine auch sprachlich eleganten Arbeiten zeigen, was Philologie vermag, wenn sie ihre fachwissenschaftlichen Begrenzungen sprengt. Dabei war jedoch Auerbach kein Verfechter großer theoretischer Entwürfe, sondern ein Meister der unpolemischen, gleichsam lautlosen und diskreten Erkenntnisarbeit, die sich erst im Kopf des Lesers vollendet. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)