Cotton

Author: S. Gordon
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1845692489
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Despite the increased variety of manufactured fibres available to the textile industry, demand for cotton remains high because of its suitability on the basis of price, quality and comfort across a wide range of textile products. Cotton producing nations are also embracing sustainable production practices to meet growing consumer demand for sustainable resource production. This important book provides a comprehensive analysis of the key scientific and technological advances that ensure the quality of cotton is maintained from the field to fabric. The first part of the book discusses the fundamental chemical and physical structure of cotton and its various properties. Advice is offered on measuring and ensuring the quality of cotton fibre. Building on these basics, Part two analyses various means for producing cotton such as genetic modification and organic production. Chapters focus on spinning, knitting and weaving technologies as well as techniques in dyeing. The final section of the book concludes with chapters concerned with practical aspects within the industry such as health and safety issues and recycling methods for used cotton. Written by an array of international experts within the field, Cotton: science and technology is an essential reference for all those concerned with the manufacture and quality control of cotton. Summarises key scientific and technological issues in ensuring cotton quality Discusses the fundamental chemical and physical structure of cotton Individual chapters focus on spinning, knitting and weaving technologies

Handbook of Yarn Production

Author: Peter Reeves Lord
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855736962
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Written a leading expert, this book is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to textile yarn manufacturing. The first three chapters provide an overview of yarn production, products and key principles. Chapters then review in detail the production processes for short-staple, long-staple and filament yarns and discuss quality control and the economics of staple-yarn production. The final section consists of a series of appendices with more detailed technical data and worked examples, providing in-depth analysis of key topics.

Handbook of Natural Fibres

Author: Ryszard M Kozłowski
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095501
Format: PDF, Docs
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Growing awareness of environmental issues has led to increasing demand for goods produced from natural products, including natural fibres. The two-volume Handbook of natural fibres is an indispensible tool in understanding the diverse properties and applications of these important materials. Volume 1: Types, properties and factors affecting breeding and cultivation is an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres, and highlights key techniques for their improvement. Part one reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres. The production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres are discussed, alongside bioengineered natural textile fibres. Part two goes on to explore the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton. Improved natural fibre production through the prevention of fungal growth is explored, along with the use of genetic engineering and biotechnology to enhance desirable characteristics. Finally, the wider impact of natural textile production is discussed, using wild silk enterprise programs as an example. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of natural fibres are essential texts for professionals and academics in textile science and technology. Provides an essential guide to a wide range of natural fibres and highlights key techniques for their improvement Reviews key types and fundamental properties of natural textile fibres, addressing the production, identification and testing of a range of cotton, bast, silk and wool fibres Explores the improvement of natural fibre properties and production through breeding and cultivation, beginning with a discussion of fibrous flax and cotton

Advances in Yarn Spinning Technology

Author: C A Lawrence
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857090216
Format: PDF
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This book provides an invaluable single source of information on the advances in yarn spinning technologies. Advanced spinning systems are described and comparisons are made of the properties of the yarns produced, and resultant finished products, with those from conventional systems. Part one provides an introduction to yarn fibre spinning and structure. Chapters discuss the principles of ring spinning and open-end spinning of yarns. Yarn structure and properties from different spinning techniques and yarn structural requirements for knitted and woven fabrics are also examined. Part two covers advances in particular yarn spinning technologies. Topics range from siro spinning to compact spinning technology and air-jet spinning. Final chapters explore how to minimise fibre damage which occur during spinning and the use of spin finishes for textiles. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Advances in yarn spinning technology is an important text for spinners, yarn manufacturers and fabric producers, as well as researchers, technicians, engineers and technologists in this sector of the textile industry. Documents advances in spinning technologies and presents comparisons between systems Assesses particular textile spinning technologies with specific chapters focusing on siro, compact, rotor, friction and air-jet spinning Reviews measures to minimise fibre damage caused by spinning are investigated with specific relevance to rotor and friction spinning

Computer Technology for Textiles and Apparel

Author: Jinlian Hu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093606
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Computer technology has transformed textiles from their design through to their manufacture and has contributed to significant advances in the textile industry. Computer technology for textiles and apparel provides an overview of these innovative developments for a wide range of applications, covering topics including structure and defect analysis, modelling and simulation, and apparel design. The book is divided into three parts. Part one provides a review of different computer-based technologies suitable for textile materials, and includes chapters on computer technology for yarn and fabric structure analysis, defect analysis and measurement. Chapters in part two discuss modelling and simulation principles of fibres, yarns, textiles and garments, while part three concludes with a review of computer-based technologies specific to apparel and apparel design, with themes ranging from 3D body scanning to the teaching of computer-aided design to fashion students. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Computer technology for textiles and apparel is an invaluable tool for a wide range of people involved in the textile industry, from designers and manufacturers to fibre scientists and quality inspectors. Provides an overview of innovative developments in computer technology for a wide range of applications Covers structure and defect analysis, modelling and simulation and apparel design Themes range from 3D body scanning to the teaching of computer-aided design to fashion students

Antimicrobial Textiles

Author: Gang Sun
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081005857
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Antimicrobial textiles have attracted a great deal of interest in recent years due to their potential for reducing the transmission of infection in medical and healthcare environments. Antimicrobial properties can also improve the performance and lifespan of consumer products, and so these fabrics are increasingly finding applications in the wider textile and apparel industry. This book provides systematic coverage of the technologies and materials required for developing these important textiles. In Part One, chapters address key issues and technologies in the creation of antimicrobial textile products. Topics covered include testing and regulation, microencapsulation, sol-gel coating and plasma technologies, nanotechnology and life cycle assessment. Part Two then reviews key antimicrobial agents, such as N-halamines, plant based compounds and photo-active chemicals. Finally, the chapters of Part Three offer detailed reviews of antimicrobial textiles for particular important applications, including medical devices, protective clothing and products with improved durability and longevity. Reviews key issues and technologies in the creation of antimicrobial textile products Offered a detailed overview of by antimicrobial agents and a wide range of important applications Produced by an experienced editor and a distinguished and international team of contributors

Innovative Jacquard Textile Design Using Digital Technologies

Author: Frankie Ng
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857098705
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Jacquard fabrics feature intricately woven designs. Through the use of digital technology, new design concepts, principles and methods for producing jacquard fabrics have been established, facilitating the creation of a range of novel effects. Innovative jacquard textile design using digital technologies is a unique guide to the fundamental design principles, techniques and applications resulting from this important development. Beginning with an introduction to jacquard textile design, the book goes on to give an overview of the development of jacquard fabrics and textile design methods. The principles and methods of digital jacquard textile design are considered, followed by a chapter on structural digital design. Subsequent chapters cover the digital design of colourless and colourful jacquard textiles, and the use of novel simulative effects, shot effects and double-face effects in jacquard textiles. A review of the applications of digitally designed jacquard textiles is then presented before the book concludes with a discussion of current issues and future trends in digital jacquard textile design. With its distinguished authors, Innovative jacquard textile design using digital technologies is an authoritative guide for all those looking to employ this exciting technology in their work, including designers and product developers in the textile, interior and apparel industries, and academics interested in this field. Provides a unique guide to the fundamental design principles, techniques and applications of jacquard textile design Covers structural digital design, digital design of colourless and colourful jacquard textiles, simulative effects, shot effects and double-face effects Includes a comprehensive discussion of current issues and future trends in digital jacquard textile design

Simulation in Textile Technology

Author: D Veit
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857097083
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The use of mathematical modelling and computer simulation can vastly improve the quality, efficiency and economic success of textile technology. Simulation in textile technology provides a comprehensive review of the key principles, applications and benefits of modelling for textile production. After an introduction to modelling and simulation, Simulation in textile technology goes on to review the principles and applications of the main types of model. The book first discusses neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic. It then considers computational fluid dynamics and finite element modelling. The modelling of fibrous structures and yarns are considered in the following chapters, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures. The book concludes by reviewing the simulation of textile processes and machinery. With its distinguished editor and team of expert contributors, Simulation in textile technology is a valuable reference tool for all those involved in both developing models of textile processes and those applying them to improve process efficiency and product quality. Provides a comprehensive review of the key principles, applications and benefits of modelling for textile production Discusses neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic Considers the modelling of fibrous structures and yarns, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures

Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles

Author: J. W. S. Hearle
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1855733196
Format: PDF, Docs
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Based on over 25 years of research at the University of Manchester Institute of Science & Technology, this book contains more than 1,500 scanning electron micrographs and other pictures, offering a unique collection of documentary information. The explanatory text presents fiber and polymer scientists an explanation of fracture mechanisms and outlines way to maximize textile life span, enabling textile technologists and design engineers to manufacture improved textile products, and helping forensic scientists to identify cause of failure.