Crime in Europe

Author: Horst Entorf
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540247173
Format: PDF
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The generous social welfare system in Europe is one of the most important differences between Europe and the US. Defenders of the European welfare state argue that it improves social cohesion and prevents crime. Others argue that the "invisible hand" in the US economy is equally powerful in reducing unemployment and preventing crime. This book takes this trade-off as a starting point and contributes to a better interdisciplinary understanding of the interactions between crime, economic performance and social exclusion. In doing so, it evaluates the existing economic and criminological research and provides innovative empirical investigations on the basis of international panel data sets from different levels of regional aggregation.

Sozialer Wandel und Gewaltkriminalit t

Author: Helmut Thome
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531147147
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Der Band dokumentiert die Entwicklung unterschiedlicher Formen von Gewaltkriminalität und setzt sie in Beziehung zum ökonomischen und sozialen Strukturwandel in den drei Vergleichsländern. Betrachtet werden insbesondere Veränderungen in der Effektivität und Legitimität des staatlichen Gewaltmonopols sowie Wandlungstendenzen in den sozialstaatlichen Sicherungssystemen, der Regulierung von Märkten und Arbeitsbeziehungen, den Familienverhältnissen sowie der Mediennutzung, die insgesamt auf eine Veränderung des Integrationsmodus moderner Gesellschaften hinweisen.

Mass Imprisonment

Author: David Garland
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761973249
Format: PDF
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This book describes mass imprisonment's impact upon crime, upon the minority communities most affected, upon social policy and, more broadly upon national culture.

Hate Crime

Author: Neil Chakraborti
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473918073
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Hate crime is a particularly pernicious form of criminal behaviour that has significant impacts upon victims, their families and wider communities. In this substantially revised and updated edition the book examines the nature, extent and harms of hate crime, and the effectiveness of criminal justice responses to it. It covers racist, religiously motivated, homophobic, disablist and transphobic hate crime, as well as other forms of targeted victimisation such as gendered hostility, elder abuse, attacks upon alternative subcultures and violence against sex workers and the homeless. The book also assesses the complexities and controversies surrounding hate crime legislation and policy-making, as well as the continuing challenges associated with the policing of hate. The second edition features expanded discussions of international perspectives and contemporary topics such as online hate and cyberbullying, as well as numerous case studies covering issues such as lone wolf extremists, Islamophobia, asylum seekers and the far right. The book contains a range of links to online material that accompany the extensive lists of further reading in each chapter.

Human Trafficking in Europe

Author: Gillian Wylie
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230281729
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book focuses on human trafficking in Europe for labour and sexual exploitation. It includes empirical work on trafficking throughout Europe, identifying underlying causes in globalization, migration policies and gender inequality. It questions whether European responses- from policy makers or civil society are adequate.

Criminal Liability of Managers in Europe

Author: Stanislaw Tosza
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 150991496X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Every managerial decision is risky, at least to some extent. Conducting business is impossible without venturing into new territories and even the most ordinary daily choices could turn out to be failures. Excessive risk, however, can be very detrimental as was starkly illustrated by the most recent financial crisis. By criminalising managers' excessive risk-taking criminal law enters a sphere which is at the core of the activity it affects. At the same time it provides for criminal punishment for courses of conduct that, without doubt, can be extremely harmful. The objective of this book is to examine existing criminalisation of excessive risk-taking as well as to analyse whether such criminalisation is desirable and if yes, under which conditions.

Crime Prevention Migration Control and Surveillance Practices

Author: Veronika Nagy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351181386
Format: PDF, Mobi
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EU expansion has stoked fears that criminals from the East may abuse freedom of movement to exploit the benefit systems of richer states. This book examines the way in which physical state borders are increasingly being replaced by internal border controls in the form of state bureaucracies as a means of regulating westward migration. The work examines the postmodern effect of globalisation and how ontological anxieties contribute to securitisation and social sorting in Western countries. It discusses the changes in control societies and how targeted surveillance as a geopolitical tool leads to new digitalised mechanisms of population selection. The book presents a casestudy of Roma migrants in the UK to examine the coping strategies adopted by those targeted. The book also critically evaluates the limitations of digitalised bureaucratic systems and the dangers of reliance on virtual data and selection methods.

Heinous Crime

Author: Frederic G. Reamer
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231506880
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What circumstances lead someone to commit murder, rape, or acts of child molestation? Why does society have such a deep-seated wish for vengeance against perpetrators of heinous crimes? Can those found guilty of such crimes ever be rehabilitated? What are the long-term consequences of incarceration, for inmates and society? Officials of the criminal justice system, politicians, and ordinary citizens argue about possible answers to these controversial and vital questions, with little agreement. Violent crime and overflowing prisons continue to be unfortunate aspects of our society as the criminal justice system struggles to develop a coherent strategy to deal with heinous crimes. This book offers innovative perspectives on the difficult issues concerning a civilized society's response to offenders guilty of heinous crimes. It considers specific cases and the chilling accounts of victims and the criminals themselves. In providing detailed strategies for prevention and rehabilitation, Frederic G. Reamer draws on his extensive experience as a member of the Rhode Island Parole Board, where he has heard more than 13,000 cases, and as a social worker in correctional facilities. He examines the psychological and social factors that lead individuals to commit reprehensible crimes, arguing that a fuller understanding of different criminal types is crucial to developing successful answers to the problem of heinous crimes. Closely looking at various criminal typologies, Reamer examines the effectiveness and rationale of various responses, including revenge and retribution, imprisonment for public safety, rehabilitation, and restorative justice.