Crimes Against Humanity

Author: Larry May
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521600514
Format: PDF, ePub
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The focus of 'Crimes Against Humanity' is on the moral, legal & political questions that arise when individuals who commit collective crimes are held accountable by international criminal tribunals.

Crimes against Humanity

Author: Kerstin von Lingen
Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh
ISBN: 3657787755
Format: PDF, Docs
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Transnationale Debatten unter Juristen haben das humanitäre Völkerrecht entscheidend geformt. Die Zivilisierung von Kriegsgewalt stand seit der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts im Zentrum und gipfelte im Konzept von "Crimes against Humanity", das im Internationalen Militärtribunal von Nürnberg erstmals zum Tatbestand erhoben wurde. Kerstin von Lingen zeichnet diesen Weg nach – von den frühen völkerrechtlichen Debatten unter Juristen über die Haager Friedenskonferenzen und die Verhandlungen von Versailles nach dem Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs. Angesichts immer höherer Opferzahlen und ansteigender Massengewalt gegen Zivilisten wirkte der Zweite Weltkrieg wie ein Katalysator: Das Konzept "Crimes against Humanity" wurde in London in Gremien geschärft, deren Akten für dieses Buch erstmals ausgewertet wurden. "Crimes against Humanity" wurde nach 1945 neben dem Genozid-Vorwurf zum wichtigsten juristischen Werkzeug unserer Zeit, um Massengewalt gegen Zivilisten zu ahnden.

Genocide

Author: Larry May
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139484265
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Larry May examines the normative and conceptual problems concerning the crime of genocide. Genocide arises out of the worst of horrors. Legally, however, the unique character of genocide is reduced to a technical requirement, that the perpetrator's act manifest an intention to destroy a protected group. From this definition, many puzzles arise. How are groups to be identified and why are only four groups subject to genocide? What is the harm of destroying a group and why is this harm thought to be independent of killing many people? How can a person in the dock, as an individual, be responsible for a collective crime like genocide? How should we understand the specific crimes associated with genocide, especially instigation, incitement, and complicity? Paying special attention to the recent case law concerning the Rwanda genocide, May offers the first philosophical exploration of the crime of genocide in international criminal law.

Crimes of Business in International Law

Author: Thomas M. Schmidt
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 3845271574
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Die Prävention von Wirtschaftstätigkeit, die zu schwersten Menschenrechtsverletzungen beiträgt, ist für die internationale Gemeinschaft von hoher Bedeutung. Der Verfasser entwirft Wege zur Begründung individueller strafrechtlicher Verantwortlichkeit für das Bereitstellen von Infrastruktur-, Finanz- und sonstigen Mitteln zur Begehung von Verbrechen gemäß dem Römischen Statut des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs. Das Werk macht dafür grundlegende Beiträge der deutschen Strafrechtswissenschaft fruchtbar und hinterfragt kritisch die Rechtsprechung des Gerichtshofs zu Täterschaft und ziviler Vorgesetztenverantwortlichkeit. Aus menschenrechtlicher Perspektive legt der Autor dar, in welchem Umfang sozial erwünschte wirtschaftliche Betätigung straffrei zu stellen ist. Ein interdisziplinärer Zugriff auf das rechtspolitische Vorhaben einer völkerrechtlichen Unternehmensstrafbarkeit legt den ungelösten Konflikt zwischen konträren Organisationswirklichkeiten als wichtiges Reformhindernis frei.

International Criminal Law and Philosophy

Author: Larry May
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521191513
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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International Criminal Law and Philosophy is the first anthology to bring together legal and philosophical theorists to examine the normative and conceptual foundations of international criminal law. International criminal law is still an emerging field, and as it continues to develop, the elucidation of clear, consistent theoretical groundings for its practices will be crucial. The questions raised and issues addressed by the essays in this volume will aid in this important endeavor.

Encyclopedia of War Crimes and Genocide

Author: Leslie Alan Horvitz
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438110294
Format: PDF
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Entries address topics related to genocide, crimes against humanity and peace, and human rights violations; profile perpetrators including Joseph Stalin, Pol Pot, and Idi Amin; and discuss institutions set up to prosecute these crimes in countries around the world.

Answering for Crime

Author: R A Duff
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847313922
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this long-awaited book, Antony Duff offers a new perspective on the structures of criminal law and criminal liability. His starting point is a distinction between responsibility (understood as answerability) and liability, and a conception of responsibility as relational and practice-based. This focus on responsibility, as a matter of being answerable to those who have the standing to call one to account, throws new light on a range of questions in criminal law theory: on the question of criminalisation, which can now be cast as the question of what we should have to answer for, and to whom, under the threat of criminal conviction and punishment; on questions about the criminal trial, as a process through which defendants are called to answer, and about the conditions (bars to trial) given which a trial would be illegitimate; on questions about the structure of offences, the distinction between offences and defences, and the phenomena of strict liability and strict responsibility; and on questions about the structures of criminal defences. The net result is not a theory of criminal law; but it is an account of the structure of criminal law as an institution through which a liberal polity defines a realm of public wrongdoing, and calls those who perpetrate (or are accused of perpetrating) such wrongs to account.

Aggression and Crimes Against Peace

Author: Larry May
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139473069
Format: PDF
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In this volume, the third in his trilogy on the philosophical and legal aspects of war and conflict, Larry May locates a normative grounding for the crime of aggression - the only one of the three crimes charged at Nuremberg that is not currently being prosecuted - that is similar to that for crimes against humanity and war crimes. He considers cases from the Nuremberg trials, philosophical debates in the Just War tradition, and more recent debates about the International Criminal Court, as well as the hard cases of humanitarian intervention and terrorist aggression. His thesis refutes the traditional understanding of aggression. At Nuremberg, crimes against humanity charges were only pursued if the defendant also engaged in the crime of aggression. May argues for a reversal of this position, contending that aggression charges should be pursued only if the defendant's acts involve serious human rights violations.

Morality Jus Post Bellum and International Law

Author: Larry May
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107024021
Format: PDF
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Leading legal, political and moral theorists discuss the normative issues that arise when war concludes and when a society strives to regain peace.

After War Ends

Author: Larry May
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110701851X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is the first book-length treatment of justice after war ends. Larry May combines here both philosophical and legal analysis.