Careers in Criminal Justice

Author: Coy H. Johnston
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1544316127
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Careers in Criminal Justice, Second Edition prepares you to plan, pursue, and realize your career goals—from conception through the hiring process. Coy H. Johnston’s contemporary approach emphasizes self-reflection and pragmatism in the pursuit of self-fulfillment and professionalism. With coverage of over forty careers in policing, courts, corrections, and victim services, you receive a comprehensive overview of the most popular and growing careers in the field. Self-assessment tools enhance your self-awareness and steer you toward realistic and suitable careers in criminal justice. This easy-to-read guide is organized to prepare and encourage growth throughout your career. New to the Second Edition: A new chapter titled “Volunteering and Internship” (Chapter 9) guides you through the important process of early involvement in the field to create a more enticing resume. Three new “Guest Speaker” profiles offer you new perspectives and practical advice on a variety of careers and geographical areas. New career assessment tools are included to help you evaluate your compatibility with various careers in the criminal justice field. Expanded information about critical areas such as private prisons, careers in the judiciary, and resume building ensures that you are receiving a balanced introduction to criminal justice careers.

The Collapse of American Criminal Justice

Author: William J. Stuntz
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674051750
Format: PDF, ePub
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Rule of law has vanished in America’s criminal justice system. Prosecutors decide whom to punish; most accused never face a jury; policing is inconsistent; plea bargaining is rampant; and draconian sentencing fills prisons with mostly minority defendants. A leading criminal law scholar looks to history for the roots of these problems—and solutions.

Criminal Justice

Author: Matt DeLisi
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780757589355
Format: PDF
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"I sought to write a criminal justice textbook whose central theme showcases the ways that criminal justice systems operate according to the at time conflicting, and at times complementary, goals of crime control and due process. With these models in mind, students can learn that the police, courts, and correctional systems can: strive toward the goal of repressing crime or ensuring procedural safeguards, focus on police power or judicial oversight, operate with efficiency and finality or skepticism and deliberation, employ a law and order or civil libertarian mentality, operate with a presumption of guilt or a presumption of innocence, be likened to an assembly line or obstacle course, appear to be conservative or liberal. Using Packer's classic formulation of the criminal justice system, Criminal Justice: Balancing Crime Control and Due Process (3rd Edition) can help students improve their critical thinking skills and evaluate why criminal justice practitioners make the decisions they do when processing criminal offenders. It is my hope that the crime control and due process models will help students organize and understand criminal justice as a system that is often characterize as decentralized, disorganized, and even chaotic." -- xiii, (Preface).

Criminal Justice

Author: Bryan Gibson
Publisher: Waterside Press
ISBN: 1909976008
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The most straightforward overview available. Covers the entire criminal justice system. A ‘no frills’ explanation for beginners. This basic guide sets out the main components of the criminal justice system in an accessible way. Intended as a starting point for readers coming to the subject for the first time it is ideal for new staff, volunteers, first year students and other ‘rookies’: a short book of facts, explanations and pointers to further study. Chapters: 1. What is Crime? 2. What is Criminal Justice? 3. Who’s Who? 4. Modern Developments 5. The Police 6. The Criminal Courts in Action 7. Sentencing (including Probation Work) 8. Prisons and Imprisonment 9. Victims and Restorative Justice 10. Causes of Crime The book also features the Rule of Law, risk assessment, decision-making, forensic investigation, witnesses, surveillance, criminology, crime reduction strategies, border controls, penal reform and some international and historical dimensions. With a Glossary of Words, Phrases and Abbreviations.

Indigenous Courts Self Determination and Criminal Justice

Author: Valmaine Toki
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351239600
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In New Zealand, as well as in Australia, Canada and other comparable jurisdictions, Indigenous peoples comprise a significantly disproportionate percentage of the prison population. For example, Maori, who comprise 15% of New Zealand’s population, make up 50% of its prisoners. For Maori women, the figure is 60%. These statistics have, moreover, remained more or less the same for at least the past thirty years. With New Zealand as its focus, this book explores how the fact that Indigenous peoples are more likely than any other ethnic group to be apprehended, arrested, prosecuted, convicted and incarcerated, might be alleviated. Taking seriously the rights to culture and to self-determination contained in the Treaty of Waitangi, in many comparable jurisdictions (including Australia, Canada, the United States of America), and also in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the book make the case for an Indigenous court founded on Indigenous conceptions of proper conduct, punishment, and behavior. More specifically, the book draws on contemporary notions of ‘therapeutic jurisprudence’ and ‘restorative justice’ in order to argue that such a court would offer an effective way to ameliorate the disproportionate incarceration of Indigenous peoples.

Understanding Criminal Justice

Author: Philip Daniel Smith
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761940326
Format: PDF, Docs
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Providing an overview of the sociological approaches to law and criminal justice, this book focuses on how law and the criminal justice system inevitably affect one another, and the ways in which both are intimately connected with wider social forces.

Gender Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Sandra Walklate
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113403122X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides a lucid and highly acclaimed introduction to gender issues in crime and criminal justice, central to any understanding of crime and criminal justice policy and practice. This second edition has been updated to take full account of recent developments, particularly in the areas of policing, crime prevention, restorative justice and legislation relating to sexual offences and the nature and impact of crime on women − in particular the Sexual Offences Act 2003. Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice is divided into three main sections. The first considers different ways of theorising about gender and the relative impact of this on thinking about crime and criminal victimisation; the second considers some of the evidence in relation to people's gendered experiences of crime and criminal victimisation; the third considers how those working within the criminal justice system, and the policies that are put in place, work to sustain or change those experiences of crime and criminal victimisation in relation to gender.

Caribbean Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Katharina J Joosen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315403765
Format: PDF, ePub
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Despite high crime rates among men in the Caribbean, rising rates of violence against women in the region, and a significant number of Caribbean nationals incarcerated abroad due to drug smuggling, existing research has yet to offer explanations that are tailored to the unique Caribbean societies and the individuals in them. This edited volume adds to the existing body of scientific, empirical and theoretical work on crime (victimization), and criminal justice in the Caribbean, with a specific focus on impacts of post-colonialism and gender. To investigate these impacts on a developing Caribbean criminology, the contributions in this volume focus on how impacts of post-colonialism, associated racial stereotypes, and/or gender throughout the Caribbean impact on (a) types of offending, (b) victimization, and (c) criminal justice system responses and policies. Bringing together a broad range of experts, this book sheds light on key criminological topics in the Caribbean, including victimization, risk factors for offending, subcultures of violence and particularly gendered violence, and the role of motherhood within matrifocal societies. It is essential reading for those engaged with Caribbean - or decolonial - Criminology and those engaged with comparative and international studies in crime and justice more generally.

Civil Liability in Criminal Justice

Author: Darrell L. Ross
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 145573053X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Close to 60,000 civil lawsuits are filed annually against criminal justice practitioners. This increasing litigation poses a significant problem for law enforcement and other personnel who must ensure they are performing their legal duties within the boundaries of case law. In brief, they not only need a working knowledge of criminal law but a firm grasp on the civil law process as well. Civil Liability in Criminal Justice provides valuable advice and protection to future officers and correctional system employees, introducing them to civil liability generally and the federal law specifically, while indicating steps that can be taken to minimize risks. The text clearly outlines the specific precedents to which both individual staff members and entire agencies must adhere and provides court decisions in common and high-liability areas. This text is one of few on the subject that combines applicable case law and related liability research, a valuable new feature for current and future policy makers and managers. It also provides an overview of current case law in high- liability areas, enhancing student knowledge and practitioner job performance. An enhanced ancillary package now offers support to both students and their instructors as they work to master this complex topic. Exercises based on ethical dilemmas and evidence-based assessments of likely trouble spots in organizational training and policy prepare the reader to avoid costly legal action in the complex worlds of policing and corrections. * Hundreds of cases are referenced throughout the text, including the latest U.S. Supreme Court decisions in civil liability suits against police and corrections officers and their agencies * Provides richly documented research findings regarding recent trends in litigation and financial penalties * Includes current thinking on avoiding lawsuits through training and policy development