Critical Perspectives on Agrarian Transition

Author: B. B. Mohanty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317310381
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book evaluates the relevance of classical debates on agrarian transition and extends the horizon of contemporary debates in the Indian context, linking national trends with regional experiences. It identifies new dynamics in agrarian political economy and presents a comprehensive account of diverse aspects of capitalist transition both at theoretical and empirical levels. The essays discuss several neglected domains in agricultural economics such as discursive dimensions of agrarian relations and limitations of stereotypical binaries between capital and non-capital, rural and urban sectors, agriculture and industry, and accumulation and subsistence. With contributions from major scholars in the field, this volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of agriculture, economics, political economy, sociology, rural development and development studies.

Agrarian Transformation in Western India

Author: B. B. Mohanty
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0429753330
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book examines the economic gains and social costs of agrarian transformation in India. The author looks at three phases of agrarian transformation: colonial, post-colonial and neoliberal. This work combines macro and micro economic data, economic and non-economic phenomena, quantitative and qualitative aspects while exploring the context of historical and contemporary changes with special reference to Maharashtra in Western India. It discusses regional disparities in agricultural development; issues of modernisation and social inequality; land owning among scheduled castes and tribes; women in agriculture; pattern of labour migration and farmer’s suicides; and documents the experiences and conditions of the rural poor and socially weaker sections, to provide a comprehensive understanding of the significant changes in agrarian rural economy of Western India. It also discusses contemporary development policy and practices and their consequences. Lucid and topical, this volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of agrarian studies, rural sociology, social history, agricultural economics, development studies, political economy, political studies and public policy as also planning and policy experts.

The Essential Guide to Critical Development Studies

Author: Henry Veltmeyer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131704374X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In recent years, much mainstream development discourse has sought to co-opt and neutralize key concepts relating to empowerment, participation, gender, sustainability and inclusivity in order to serve a market-driven, neoliberal agenda. Critical development studies now play a crucial role in combatting this by analyzing the systemic changes needed to transform the current world to one where economic and social justice and environmental integrity prevail. The Essential Guide to Critical Development Studies takes as its starting point the multiple crises – economic, political, social and environmental – of the dominant current global capitalist system. The chapters collectively document and analyze these crises and the need to find alternatives to the system(s) that generate them. To do so, analyses of class, gender and empire are placed at the centre of discussion, in contrast to markets, liberalization and convergence, which characterize mainstream development discourse. Each contributor supplements their overview with a guide to the critical development studies literature on the topic, thereby providing scholars and students not only with a precis of the key issues, but also a signpost to further readings. This is an important resource for academics, researchers, policymakers and professionals in the areas of development studies, political science, sociology, economics, gender studies, history, anthropology, agrarian studies, international relations and international political economy.

Indian Culture and Work Organisations in Transition

Author: Ashish Malik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317232011
Format: PDF
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This book analyses key theoretical influences on Indian culture in a business context. It shows the interactions between indigenous culture and workplace ethics which is increasingly being populated by multinational corporations. It discusses how the Indian workplace has evolved over time as well as retained some managerial practices dating back to the classical traditions of ancient India. It further demonstrates the changes brought about by globalisation, especially through information technology and business process outsourcing industries. This volume will be useful to the scholars and researchers of business and management studies, cultural studies, Asian studies as well as human resource (HR) professionals.

The Land Question in India

Author: Anthony P. D'Costa
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198792441
Format: PDF
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This volume takes a fresh look at the land question in India. Rather than work with the view that land is a source of dynamic economic transformation, as experienced historically by the West, this volume examines the centrality of land in the development discourse in India. The focus is on the role of the state, which pushes a process of dispossession of peasants through direct expropriation for developmental purposes such as acquisition of land by (local) statesfor infrastructure development and industrialization. Consequently, land has been, and continues to be, a turbulent arena in which classes, castes, and communities are in conflict with each other, withthe state, and with capital, jockeying to determine the terms and conditions of land transactions or their prevention. The volume provides new analytical insights into the land acquisition processes, their legal-institutional and ethical implications, and the multifaceted regional diversity of acquisition experiences in India.

Nepali Diaspora in a Globalised Era

Author: Tanka B. Subba
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131741103X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This is one of the first books to explore Nepali diaspora in a global context, across India and other parts of South Asia, Southeast Asia, Europe, and Australia. It discusses the social, political and economic status and aspirations of the Nepali community worldwide. The essays in the volume cover a range of themes including belonging and identity politics among Nepalese migrants, representation of Indian Nepalis in literature, diasporic consciousness, forceful eviction and displacement, social movements, and ritual practices among migrant communities. Drawing attention to the lives of Nepali emigrants, the volume presents a sensitive and balanced understanding of their options and constraints, and their ambivalences about who they are. This work will be invaluable to scholars and students of Nepal studies, area studies, diaspora and migration studies, social anthropology, cultural studies and literature.

Social Exclusion and Justice in India

Author: P. S. Krishnan
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351603493
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book draws upon nearly seven decades of first-hand experiences from the ground to understand social exclusion, and movements and efforts for social justice in India. The author, a renowned champion of social justice for deprived social classes, delves into the roots of discrimination in Indian society as well as explains why caste discrimination still persists and how it can be effectively countered. The volume: examines the caste system and its socio-economic ramifications from the perspective of Dalits, and Socially and Educationally Backward Classes; explores the nuances of the Gandhi–Ambedkar debate on the status and liberation of Dalits and synthesis of the approaches of Gandhi, Ambedkar, Narayana Guru and Marx in resolving certain key issues; analyses legal, economic, social and cultural frameworks to understand caste system and related concepts such as ‘untouchability’, atrocities, reservation, etc. in contemporary India; and provides practical insights into the Constitution-based comprehensive measures required to remedy the consequences of caste system and establish social equality in a holistic manner. The book will interest scholars and researchers of social exclusion and social justice, Dalit, Adivasi and Backward Classes studies, sociology and social anthropology, politics, law and human rights, as well as policy-makers, think tanks and NGOs in the field.

The Global Turn

Author: Eve Darian-Smith
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520966309
Format: PDF, Docs
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The ability to deploy interdisciplinary theoretical perspectives that speak to interconnected global dimensions is critical if one’s work is to be relevant and applicable to the emerging global-scale issues of our time. The Global Turn is a guide for students and scholars across all areas of the social sciences and humanities who wish to embark on global-studies research projects. The authors demonstrate how the global can be studied from a local perspective and vice versa. They show how global processes manifest at multiple levels—transnational, regional, national, and local—all of which are interconnected and mutually constitutive. This book takes readers through the steps of thinking like a global scholar in theoretical, methodological, and practical terms, and it explains the implications of global perspectives for research design.

Scarce Women and Surplus Men in China and India

Author: Sharada Srinivasan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319632752
Format: PDF
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​This volume documents how families, communities and some groups (single men, young ‘scarce’ women, parents) adapt and adjust to recent demographic shifts in China and India. It discusses how demographic change interacts with other processes of change, including changes with respect to economic development and globalization, gender, class, caste, families, migration and work. The chapters offer micro-level analyses contextualized in larger processes of change and push further existing understandings of the consequences of the demographic imbalance between men and women in China and/or India, particularly from a gender perspective. As such this book will be of interest to scholars and students in population studies, sociology, international development, gender studies, and Asian studies.

Dalit Politics in Contemporary India

Author: Sambaiah Gundimeda
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317381041
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is a ground-breaking intervention on Dalit politics in India. Challenging received ideas, it uses a comparative framework to understand Dalit mobilisations for political power, social equality and justice. The monograph traces the emergence of Dalit consciousness and its different strands in north and south India — from colonial to contemporary times — and interrogates key notions and events. These include: the debate regarding core themes such as the Hindu–Muslim cleavage in the north and caste in the south; the extent to which Dalits and other backward castes (OBC) base their anti-Brahminism on similar ideologies; and why Dalits in Uttar Pradesh (north India) succeeded in gaining power while they did not do so in the region of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh (south India), where Dalit consciousness is more evolved. Drawing on archival material, fieldwork and case studies, this volume puts forward an insightful and incisive analysis. It will be of great interest to researchers and scholars of Dalit studies and social exclusion, Indian politics and sociology.