Cross linguistic Variation in Sentence Processing

Author: Despoina Papadopoulou
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402046901
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book argues in favour of cross-linguistic variation in sentence processing by providing empirical data from ambiguity resolution in Greek as L1 and L2. It is maintained that in highly inflected languages, like Greek, initial parsing decisions are determined by the interaction of morphological and lexical cues rather than by universal parsing principles.

Sentence Processing A Crosslinguistic Perspective

Author: Dieter Hillert
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 0585492239
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Provides an overview of the fundamental psycholinguistic topics involved in sentence processing. Proposing a cross-linguistic approach, this book offers a theory that characterizes universal cognitive features of the human language processor, independent of a single language structure. It addresses word recognition, fixed expressions, and more.

Bilingual Sentence Processing

Author: Eva M. Fernández
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027224989
Format: PDF
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This title looks at the representation of semitic words in the mental lexicon of semitic language speakers. It asks: should we see semitic words' morphology as root-based or word-based?.

Cross Linguistic Perspectives on Language Processing

Author: M. de Vincenzi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401139490
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Recent studies in psycho linguistics have ranged through a variety of languages. In this trend, which has no precedent, studies in language processing have followed studies in language acquisition and theoretical linguistics in considering language universals in a broader scope than only in English. Since the beginning of the century, studies in language acquisition have produced a vast body of data from a number of Indoeuropean languages, and the emphasis on the universal has preceded the emphasis on the particular (see (Slobin 1985) for a review). Nowadays, the research in the field advances by means of a continuous linking between the cross-linguistic uniformities and the individual language influences on development. The level of language universals is continuously refined as the data from a number of languages contribute to the elaboration of a more distinctive picture of the language of children. The first cross-linguistic studies in theoretical linguistics appeared at the end of the seventies. Within the Chomskian paradigm, the reference to the Romance languages caused a shift from a rule-based toward a principle-based formalism (Chomsky 1981, 1995); within alternative theories, the reduced prominence of the pure phrase structure component in favor of the lexicon and/or the functional relations (see, e.g., Lexical Functional Grammar (Bresnan 1982), Relational Grammar (Perlmutter 1983)) sought empirical support in languages exhibiting deep structural differences with respect to English (e.g. Bantu, Malayalam, Romance and Slavic languages Warlpiri). The M. De Vincenzi and V. Lombardo (eds.), Cross-linguistic Perspectives on Language Processing, 1-19.

Insights Into Second Language Reading

Author: Keiko Koda
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521545136
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Reading is a multi-faceted, complex construct, and its complexity increases in second-language reading. In this volume, the author provides an in-depth analysis of the multiple dimensions of second language reading, presenting syntheses of current research on first and second language reading. (Miswest).

Cross Linguistic Variation and Efficiency

Author: John A. Hawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199665001
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book argues that major patterns of variation across languages are structured by general principles of efficiency in language use and communication, an approach that has far-reaching theoretical consequences for issues such as ease of processing, language universals, complexity, and competing and cooperating principles.

Research Methods in Child Language

Author: Erika Hoff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444344013
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This is a comprehensive and accessible guide to the methods researchers use to study child language, written by experienced scholars in the study of language development. Presents a comprehensive survey of laboratory and naturalistic techniques used in the study of different domains of language, age ranges, and populations, and explains the questions addressed by each technique Presents new research methods, such as the use of functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to study the activity of the brain Expands on more traditional research methods such as collection, transcription, and coding of speech samples that have been transformed by new hardware and software

Toward A Genetics of Language

Author: Mabel L. Rice
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134789254
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The past decade has brought important new advances in the fields of genetics, behavioral genetics, linguistics, language acquisition, studies of language impairment, and brain imaging. Although these advances are each highly relevant to the determination of what a child is innately prepared to bring to language acquisition, the contributing fields of endeavor have traditionally been relatively self-contained, with little cross communication. This volume was developed with the belief that there is considerable value to be gained in the creation of a shared platform for a dialogue across the disciplines. Leading experts in genetics, linguistics, language acquisition, language impairment, and brain imaging are brought together for the purpose of exploring the current evidence, theoretical issues, and research challenges in a way that bridges disciplinary boundaries and points toward future developments in the search for the genetic and environmental bases of language acquisition and impairments. This collection provides discussions and summaries of: *breakthrough findings of the genetic underpinnings of dyslexia; *theoretical and empirical developments in the specification of a phenotype of language acquisition and impairment; *evidence of familiarity and twin concordances of specific language impairment; and *new evidence from brain imaging. It concludes with a critical response from an advocate of rational empiricism.