Crystal Symmetry Lattice Vibrations and Optical Spectroscopy of Solids

Author: Baldassare Di Bartolo
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814579238
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the two fundamental aspects of a solid that determine its physical properties: lattice structure and atomic vibrations (phonons). The elements of group theory are extensively developed and used as a tool to show how the symmetry of a solid and the vibrations of the atoms in the solid lead to the physical properties of the material. The uses of different types of spectroscopy techniques that elucidate the lattice structure of a solid and the normal vibrational modes of the atoms in the solid are described. The interaction of light with solids (optical spectroscopy) is described in detail including how lattice symmetry and phonons affect the spectral properties and how spectral properties provide information about the material's symmetry and normal modes of lattice vibrations. The effects of point defects (doping) on the lattice symmetry and atomic vibrations and thus the spectral properties are discussed and used to show how material symmetry and lattice vibrations are critical in determining the properties of solid state lasers. Contents:Symmetry of CrystalsIntroductionConcepts of Group TheoryCrystal SymmetriesGroup Theoretical Treatment of Crystal SymmetriesScattering of X-Rays by CrystalsLattice Vibrations of CrystalsLattice Vibrations of CrystalsThermodynamics of Lattice VibrationsEffects of Lattice Vibrations on X-Ray Scattering and Neutron ScatteringOptical Spectroscopy of Crystals:Interaction of Radiation with MatterOptical Spectra of Impurities in Solids IOptical Spectra of Impurities in Solids IIInteraction of Light with Lattice Vibrations: Infrared Absorption and Inelastic Light ScatteringLattice Vibrations and Lasers Readership: This book is an ideal upper undergraduate/graduate textbook for students in solid state physics courses as well as researchers in this area. Key Features:No other solid state physics textbook deals with lattice vibrations and their effects on the interaction of radiation with matter in the detail that this book doesNo other solid state physics book has the strong focus on symmetry and group theory that this book doesNo other book on group theory provides the variety of detailed examples of how to use group theory that is found in this bookKeywords:Symmetry;Group Theory;Phonons;Spectroscopy;Crystals;Lasers;Solid State Physics

Nano Optics Principles Enabling Basic Research and Applications

Author: Baldassare Di Bartolo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402408509
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of nano-optics, including basic theory, experiment and applications, particularly in nanofabrication and optical characterization. The contributions clearly demonstrate how advances in nano-optics and photonics have stimulated progress in nanoscience and -fabrication, and vice versa. Their expert authors address topics such as three-dimensional optical lithography and microscopy beyond the Abbe diffraction limit, optical diagnostics and sensing, optical data- and telecommunications, energy-efficient lighting, and efficient solar energy conversion. Nano-optics emerges as a key enabling technology of the 21st century. This work will appeal to a wide readership, from physics through chemistry, to biology and engineering. The contributions that appear in this volume were presented at a NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Erice, 4-19 July, 2015.

Quantum Nano Photonics

Author: Baldassare Di Bartolo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402415440
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book brings together more closely researchers working in the two fields of quantum optics and nano-optics and provides a general overview of the main topics of interest in applied and fundamental research. The contributions cover, for example, single-photon emitters and emitters of entangled photon pairs based on epitaxially grown semiconductor quantum dots, nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond as single-photon emitters, coupled quantum bits based on trapped ions, integrated waveguide superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors, quantum nano-plasmonics, nanosensing, quantum aspects of biophotonics and quantum metamaterials. The articles span the bridge from pedagogical introductions on the fundamental principles to the current state-of-the-art, and are authored by pioneers and leaders in the field. Numerical simulations are presented as a powerful tool to gain insight into the physical behavior of nanophotonic systems and provide a critical complement to experimental investigations and design of devices.

The Physics of Phonons

Author: G.P Srivastava
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780852741535
Format: PDF, Mobi
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There have been few books devoted to the study of phonons, a major area of condensed matter physics. The Physics of Phonons is a comprehensive theoretical discussion of the most important topics, including some topics not previously presented in book form. Although primarily theoretical in approach, the author refers to experimental results wherever possible, ensuring an ideal book for both experimental and theoretical researchers. The author begins with an introduction to crystal symmetry and continues with a discussion of lattice dynamics in the harmonic approximation, including the traditional phenomenological approach and the more recent ab initio approach, detailed for the first time in this book. A discussion of anharmonicity is followed by the theory of lattice thermal conductivity, presented at a level far beyond that available in any other book. The chapter on phonon interactions is likewise more comprehensive than any similar discussion elsewhere. The sections on phonons in superlattices, impure and mixed crystals, quasicrystals, phonon spectroscopy, Kapitza resistance, and quantum evaporation also contain material appearing in book form for the first time. The book is complemented by numerous diagrams that aid understanding and is comprehensively referenced for further study. With its unprecedented wide coverage of the field, The Physics of Phonons will be indispensable to all postgraduates, advanced undergraduates, and researchers working on condensed matter physics.

Vibrational Spectroscopy of Solids

Author: P. M. A. Sherwood
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521084826
Format: PDF, ePub
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This 1972 monograph is devoted to the analysis and interpretation of the infrared and Raman spectra of solid compounds, frequently used for their identification and characterization. It was thought unsatisfactory to analyse such spectra by the theory applicable to gas-phase samples, though this was frequently done. Furthermore, the results obtained by far infrared and laser Raman spectrometers, which detect the movement of atoms and/or molecules as a whole, had no gas-phase analogy. A separate approach to solid state vibrational spectra was therefore proposed within this volume. Dr Sherwood describes the solid state physics of vibrational spectroscopy and extends it to the more complex structures of low symmetry. He assumes an understanding of the infrared and Raman spectra of gases.

MOLECULAR STRUCTURE AND SPECTROSCOPY

Author: G. ARULDHAS
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9788120332157
Format: PDF
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Designed to serve as a textbook for postgraduate students of physics and chemistry, this second edition improves the clarity of treatment, extends the range of topics, and includes more worked examples with a view to providing all the material needed for a course in molecular spectroscopy—from first principles to the very useful spectral data that comprise figures, charts and tables. To improve the conceptual appreciation and to help students develop more positive and realistic impressions of spectroscopy, there are two new chapters—one on the spectra of atoms and the other on laser spectroscopy. The chapter on the spectra of atoms is a detailed account of the basic principles involved in molecular spectroscopy. The chapter on laser spectroscopy covers some new experimental techniques for the investigation of the structure of atoms and molecules. Additional sections on interstellar molecules, inversion vibration of ammonia molecule, fibre-coupled Raman spectrometer, Raman microscope, supersonic beams and jet-cooling have also been included. Besides worked-out examples, an abundance of review questions, and end-of-chapter problems with answers are included to aid students in testing their knowledge of the material contained in each chapter. Solutions manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end problems is available for instructors.

Optical Properties of Solids

Author: Anthony Mark Fox
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198506126
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The innovative text gives an introductory treatment of the optical properties of solids. The fundamental principles of absorption, reflection, luminescence and light scattering are discussed for a wide range of materials, including crystalline insulators and semiconductors, glasses, metals,and molecular materials. Classical and quantum models are used as appropriate, and the phenomena are well illustrated using recent experimental data. A particular feature is the inclusion of many new topics that have come to the fore in recent years and have not previously been covered in othersolid state texts at this level. Examples include semiconductor quantum wells, organic semiconductors, vibronic solid state lasers and nonlinear optics.The book is primarily written for physicists, but it will also be useful for electrical engineers, materials scientists, and physical chemists. The subject material is developed in a tutorial style, and includes worked examples, exercises, and chapter summaries for revision.

Symmetry Group Theory and the Physical Properties of Crystals

Author: Richard C Powell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1441975985
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Complete with reference tables and sample problems, this volume serves as a textbook or reference for solid-state physics and chemistry, materials science, and engineering. Chapters illustrate symmetry, and its role in determining solid properties, as well as a demonstration of group theory.

Condensed Matter Optical Spectroscopy

Author: Iulian Ionita
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466569573
Format: PDF, ePub
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Discover a Modern Approach to the Study of Molecular Symmetry Classroom-tested from an author experienced in teaching a course on condensed matter spectroscopy, and introductory spectroscopy and lasers, Condensed Matter Optical Spectroscopy: An Illustrated Introduction contains over 200 color illustrations and provides a clear overview of the field. Intended for undergraduate students in a variety of majors, this text presents the application of molecular symmetry on optical spectra (ultraviolet, visible, infrared, and Raman) through group theory, and uses numerous examples to illustrate practical theory applications. Recognize the Symmetry of Any Atomic Arrangement and the Point Group to Which It Belongs Divided into five chapters, this book is designed to help students choose a method or several methods for material characterization, measure a correct spectrum, and interpret the spectrum or correlate the spectra obtained using different methods. It includes solid-state active media for lasers, as well as coordination and organometallic complexes, minerals, and metal ions in biological systems, and also provides 3D representations. This book addresses: Classifying molecules according to their symmetry What happens when an ion of transition metal enters an environment with a given symmetry How atomic orbitals are involved in molecular bonding Whether the molecule is a rigid construction or a dynamic structure (which can either interact with light or not at all) How to perform a reliable spectrum measurement Condensed Matter Optical Spectroscopy: An Illustrated Introduction does not require any prior knowledge on group theory.