The Cyprus Conspiracy

Author: Brendan O'Malley
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860647376
Format: PDF, Docs
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It has been 25 years since Greek colonels staged a coup on Cyprus, ousting Greek-Cypriot leader Archbishop Makarios, and Turkey retaliated by invading and seizing a third of the island. The island remains split in two, policed by the United Nations. Henry Kissinger claimed he could do nothing to stop this because of the Watergate crisis. The Cyprus Conspiracy provides crucial evidence that this was no failure of American foreign policy, revealing for the first time the explosive strategic reasons why Washington had to divide the island.

The Cyprus Conspiracy

Author: Brendan O'Malley
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857730169
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A generation after the Greek colonels staged a coup on Cyprus in July 1974, dramatically ousting its Greek-Cypriot leader Archbishop Makarios, and Turkey retaliated by invading and seizing a third of the island, the historic Mediterranean island remains split in two. As divided as Berlin before the Wall came down, Cyprus is still bristling with troops and espionage bases and remains permanently policed by the United Nations. Henry Kissinger claimed he could do nothing to stop this adventure because of the Watergate crisis. But The Cyprus Conspiracy provides crucial evidence that this was no failure of American foreign policy but the realization of a longstanding plan. Brendan O’Malley and Ian Craig reveal for the first time the explosive strategic reasons why the island was divided, saving its top-secret defence and spying facilities from communist take-over or British defence spending cuts. Cyprus had become invaluable to Washington, monitoring both Central Asia for Soviet nuclear missile technology and the Middle East for potential military threats. The international cast of characters in this tale of intrigue and double-dealing includes Anthony Eden, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Henry Kissinger, Harold Wilson and James Callaghan, as well as EOKA’s George Grivas and the current leaders of the two halves of this uniquely divided island, Glafkos Clerides and Rauf Denktash. Featuring a personal interview with Henry Kissinger conducted for this book in the spring of 1999, The Cyprus Conspiracy makes a crucial contribution to our understanding of great power politics and the role of intelligence gathering in producing one of the world’s most intractable international conflicts.

The Cyprus Problem

Author: James Ker-Lindsay
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 019975716X
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For nearly 60 years, the tiny Mediterranean nation of Cyprus has taken a disproportionate share of the international spotlight. In The Cyprus Problem, James Ker-Lindsay--recently appointed as expert advisor to the UN Secretary-General's Special Advisor on Cyprus--offers an incisive, even-handed account of the conflict. Ker-Lindsay covers all aspects of the Cyprus problem, placing it in historical context, addressing the situation as it now stands, and looking toward its possible resolution.

Cyprus

Author: William Mallinson
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857730738
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In the troubled island of Cyprus, the national interests and rivalries of Greece and Turkey still collide, the population remains divided between the Greek and Turkish communities and the country is still a cat's paw of outside powers - especially the USA and the now resurgent Russia - as it has been since the acquisition of the island by Britain in 1878. Global rivalry between the great powers and Cyprus's vitally strategic position in the Eastern Mediterranean - a ‘listening post’ in the Cold War and even today - has meant that the populations have never been free to shape their own destinies which have been constantly influenced by great power interests. These are problems that have been brought into sharp focus by Cyprus's entry into the European Union. William Mallinson’s book is a fast-moving and incisive narrative history which portrays Cyprus as a continuing source of international tension in the Mediterranean and beyond. It features the latest source material from the recently released National Archive, vivid interviews with key players, even reports which raise awkward and embarrassing questions. His critical eye uncovers the underlying story of American and British involvement in the island's affairs, first as a key territory in Cold War politics with its close proximity to the Middle East and Asia and now as a key asset in the ‘war on terror’. Mallinson's new insights and revelations on the period leading up to and following the Turkish invasion in 1974, when Greece and Turkey - both NATO members - were on the brink of war are fascinating and make essential reading. Henry Kissinger is seen to be even more the master puppeteer, pressuring Britain not to give up her bases. Mallinson examines how after the Turkish invasion Kissinger planned the abortive Annan Plan to divide the island and how he regarded the retention of Cyprus as vital for a future solution of the Arab-Israeli problem. For Kissinger Cyprus was the important square on the ‘world chequer-board’ while British influence continued to decline and her independence in foreign policy was virtually non-existent. Mallinson also explores how Turkey’s drive to join the EU will affect not only stability in Cyprus but also the whole region, as Russia’s influence in the Balkans and the Eastern Mediterranean expands. So, in William Mallinson's words, ‘Cyprus lies [still] at the epicentre of this whole geopolitical merry-go-round’.

Divided Cyprus

Author: Yiannis Papadakis
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253111913
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"[U]shers the reader into the complexities of the categorical ambiguity of Cyprus [and]... concentrates... on the Dead Zone of the divided society, in the cultural space where those who refuse to go to the poles gather." -- Anastasia Karakasidou, Wellesley College The volatile recent past of Cyprus has turned this island from the idyllic "island of Aphrodite" of tourist literature into a place renowned for hostile confrontations. Cyprus challenges familiar binary divisions, between Christianity and Islam, Greeks and Turks, Europe and the East, tradition and modernity. Anti-colonial struggles, the divisive effects of ethnic nationalism, war, invasion, territorial division, and population displacements are all facets of the notorious Cyprus Problem. Incorporating the most up-to-date social and cultural research on Cyprus, these essays examine nationalism and interethnic relations, Cyprus and the European Union, the impact of immigration, and the effects of tourism and international environmental movements, among other topics.

Years of Renewal

Author: Henry Kissinger
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0857207202
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This third and final volume of memoirs completes a major work of contemporary history and a brilliantly told narrative full of startling insights, candour and a sweeping sense of history. It begins with the resignation of Nixon - including Kissinger's final assessment of Nixon's tortured personality and the self-inflicted tragedy that ended his presidency, making Kissinger, for a time, the most powerful man in American government. This book abounds in crisis - Vietnam, Watergate, the Cold War. Here are brilliant scenes, as only an insider could write them, of the high-level meetings that shaped American foreign policy, the famous 'shuttle' diplomacy by which Kissinger succeeded in bringing a reluctant and wary Rabin and anxious Sadat together to begin to return of the Sinai to Egypt and the SALT talks with the Soviet Union that began the process of nuclear limitation. Here also are intimate and profound portraits of world leaders from Mao, teasing Kissinger while displaying a poetic wisdom, to Brezhnev at the Vladivostock summit, confused, ill-prepared, unwell, desperately to conceal the Soviet Union's difficulties with a screen of blustering bravado.

Kings Nobles and Commoners

Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860649868
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Kings, Nobles and Commoners takes head-on the leading questions in the history of early modern Europe--questions vital for an understanding of the period, and now at the top of the history agenda for academics, students and general readers. Was religion the badge of identity and inspiration for the state? What was the nature of the state? Did Protestantism lead to political and economic progress and Catholicism to absolutism, decadence and extinction? Jeremy Black's revisionist history shows that while "bourgeois" Protestant states like the Netherlands and Britain prospered and, in Britain's case, became a global power. "Reactionary" Catholic states like Austria and France at various times remained stable until the deluge of the French Revolution. "Absolutism" was no myth, but absolutist states still had to rule with consent. Jeremy Black links these themes into a rich and coherent tapestry to give the clearest and most authoritative picture of the complexities of the early modern period.

Sweet and Bitter Island

Author: Tabitha Morgan
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1848853297
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On a sweltering day in July, 1878 the men of the 42nd Royal Highlanders - the Black Watch - waded ashore at Larnaca Bay to begin the British occupation of Cyprus. Today, Britons on sunbeds colonise the same stretch of sand, the latest visitors to an island which has long held a special place in the English imagination - and a controversial role in British imperial ambitions. Drawing on largely unpublished material, Tabitha Morgan reflects on why successive administrations failed, so catastrophically, to engage with their Cypriot subjects, and how social segregation, confusion about Cypriot identity and the poor calibre of so many administrators all contributed to the bloody conflict that led, finally, to Cypriot independence in 1960. "Sweet and Bitter Island" explores for the first time the unique bond between Britain and Cyprus and the complex, sometimes tense, relationship between the two nations which endures to the present day. Extensively researched and lyrically written, this is the definitive portrait of British colonial life on the Mediterranean island.