Darwin2K

Author: Chris Leger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461543312
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Darwin2K: An Evolutionary Approach to Automated Design for Robotics is an essential reference tool for researchers, professionals, and students involved in robot design or in evolutionary synthesis, design, and optimization. It is also necessary for users of Darwin2K. Researchers and hobbyists interested in genetic algorithms and artificial life techniques will find the book interesting. The primary purpose of this book is to describe a methodology for using computers to automatically design robots to meet the specific needs of an application. Details of many novel aspects of the methodology are presented, including an evolutionary algorithm for synthesizing and optimizing multiple objective functions, an algorithm for dynamic simulation of arbitrary robots, an extensible software architecture, and a new representation for robots that is appropriate for robot design. The methodology as a whole is significant in terms of its impact on robot design practices, and as a case study in building evolutionary design systems. Individual parts of the systems are also relevant to other areas. For example, the evolutionary algorithm can be used for design and optimization problems other than robotics, and the dynamic simulation algorithm can be used for analysis and simulation of existing robots or as a part of a manual design tool. The book also gives an overview of previous work in automated design of robots, and of evolutionary design in other engineering disciplines.

Perceptual Metrics for Image Database Navigation

Author: Yossi Rubner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475733437
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The increasing amount of information available in today's world raises the need to retrieve relevant data efficiently. Unlike text-based retrieval, where keywords are successfully used to index into documents, content-based image retrieval poses up front the fundamental questions how to extract useful image features and how to use them for intuitive retrieval. We present a novel approach to the problem of navigating through a collection of images for the purpose of image retrieval, which leads to a new paradigm for image database search. We summarize the appearance of images by distributions of color or texture features, and we define a metric between any two such distributions. This metric, which we call the "Earth Mover's Distance" (EMD), represents the least amount of work that is needed to rearrange the mass is one distribution in order to obtain the other. We show that the EMD matches perceptual dissimilarity better than other dissimilarity measures, and argue that it has many desirable properties for image retrieval. Using this metric, we employ Multi-Dimensional Scaling techniques to embed a group of images as points in a two- or three-dimensional Euclidean space so that their distances reflect image dissimilarities as well as possible. Such geometric embeddings exhibit the structure in the image set at hand, allowing the user to understand better the result of a database query and to refine the query in a perceptually intuitive way.

Modeling from Reality

Author: Katsushi Ikeuchi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461507979
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book summarizes the results of our modeling-from-reality (MFR) project which took place over the last decade or so. The goal of this project is to develop techniques for modeling real objects and/or environments into geometric and photometric models through computer vision techniques. By developing such techniques, time consuming modeling process, currently un dertaken by human programmers, can be (semi-)automatically performed, and, as a result, we can drastically shorten the developing time of such virtual reality systems, reduce their developing cost, and widen their application areas. Originally, we began to develop geometric modeling techniques that acquire shape information of objects/environments for object recognition. Soon, this effort evolved into an independent modeling project, virtual-reality modeling, with the inclusion of photometric modeling aspects that acquire appearance information, such as color, texture, and smoothness. Over the course of this development, it became apparent that environmental modeling techniques were necessary when applying our techniques to mixed realities that seamlessly combine generated virtual models with other real/virtual images. The material in his book covers these aspects of development.

Smart Devices and Machines for Advanced Manufacturing

Author: Lihui Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781848001473
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book presents a collection of quality chapters on the state-of-the-art of research efforts in the area of smart devices and novel machine design, as well as their practical applications to enable advanced manufacturing. The first section presents a broad-based review of several key areas of research in smart devices and machines. The second section is focused on presenting an in-depth treatment of a particular device or machine. The book will be of interest to a broad readership.

Climbing and Walking Robots

Author: Manuel Armada
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540294619
Format: PDF, Docs
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These proceedings present a full state-of-the-art picture of the popular and motivating field of climbing and walking robots, featuring recent research by leading climbing and walking robot experts in various industrial and emerging fields.

Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking of Intelligent Systems

Author: Raj Madhavan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 144190493X
Format: PDF, ePub
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To design and develop capable, dependable, and affordable intelligent systems, their performance must be measurable. Scienti?c methodologies for standardization and benchmarking are crucial for quantitatively evaluating the performance of eme- ing robotic and intelligent systems’ technologies. There is currently no accepted standard for quantitatively measuring the performance of these systems against user-de?ned requirements; and furthermore, there is no consensus on what obj- tive evaluation procedures need to be followed to understand the performance of these systems. The lack of reproducible and repeatable test methods has precluded researchers working towards a common goal from exchanging and communic- ing results, inter-comparing system performance, and leveraging previous work that could otherwise avoid duplication and expedite technology transfer. Currently, this lack of cohesion in the community hinders progress in many domains, such as m- ufacturing, service, healthcare, and security. By providing the research community with access to standardized tools, reference data sets, and open source libraries of solutions, researchers and consumers will be able to evaluate the cost and be- ?ts associated with intelligent systems and associated technologies. In this vein, the edited book volume addresses performance evaluation and metrics for intel- gent systems, in general, while emphasizing the need and solutions for standardized methods. To the knowledge of the editors, there is not a single book on the market that is solely dedicated to the subject of performance evaluation and benchmarking of intelligent systems.

Mathematical Methods in Engineering

Author: Nuno Miguel Fonseca Ferreira
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9400771835
Format: PDF
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This book presents a careful selection of the contributions presented at the Mathematical Methods in Engineering (MME10) International Symposium, held at the Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra- Engineering Institute of Coimbra (IPC/ISEC), Portugal, October 21-24, 2010. The volume discusses recent developments about theoretical and applied mathematics toward the solution of engineering problems, thus covering a wide range of topics, such as: Automatic Control, Autonomous Systems, Computer Science, Dynamical Systems and Control, Electronics, Finance and Economics, Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Fractional Mathematics, Fractional Transforms and Their Applications, Fuzzy Sets and Systems, Image and Signal Analysis, Image Processing, Mechanics, Mechatronics, Motor Control and Human Movement Analysis, Nonlinear Dynamics, Partial Differential Equations, Robotics, Acoustics, Vibration and Control, and Wavelets.

Neural Preprocessing and Control of Reactive Walking Machines

Author: Poramate Manoonpong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354068803X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book presents biologically inspired walking machines interacting with their physical environment, and shows how the morphology and behavior control of machines can benefit from biological studies. The purpose is to develop a modular structure of neural control generating reactive behaviors of the physical walking machines, to analyze the neural mechanisms underlying them, and to demonstrate the sensor fusion technique leading to smooth switching between appropriate behaviors, like obstacle avoidance and sound tropism.