Data Mining

Author: Nong Ye
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439808384
Format: PDF
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New technologies have enabled us to collect massive amounts of data in many fields. However, our pace of discovering useful information and knowledge from these data falls far behind our pace of collecting the data. Data Mining: Theories, Algorithms, and Examples introduces and explains a comprehensive set of data mining algorithms from various data mining fields. The book reviews theoretical rationales and procedural details of data mining algorithms, including those commonly found in the literature and those presenting considerable difficulty, using small data examples to explain and walk through the algorithms. The book covers a wide range of data mining algorithms, including those commonly found in data mining literature and those not fully covered in most of existing literature due to their considerable difficulty. The book presents a list of software packages that support the data mining algorithms, applications of the data mining algorithms with references, and exercises, along with the solutions manual and PowerPoint slides of lectures. The author takes a practical approach to data mining algorithms so that the data patterns produced can be fully interpreted. This approach enables students to understand theoretical and operational aspects of data mining algorithms and to manually execute the algorithms for a thorough understanding of the data patterns produced by them.

Handbook of Human Factors in Air Transportation Systems

Author: Steven James Landry
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351653148
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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One of the primary applications of human factors engineering is in the aviation domain, and the importance of human factors has never been greater as U.S. and European authorities seek to modernize the air transportation system through the introduction of advanced automation. This handbook provides regulators, practitioners, researchers, and educators a comprehensive resource for understanding and applying human factors to air transportation.

Ergonomics in Design

Author: Marcelo M. Soares
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498760716
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Currently people deal with various entities (such as hardware, software, buildings, spaces, communities and other people), to meet specific goals while going about their everyday activities in work and leisure environments. These entities have become more and more complex and incorporate functions that hitherto had never been allocated such as automation, use in virtual environments, connectivity, personalization, mobility and friendliness. This book contributes to the analysis of human-system interactions from the perspective of ergonomics, regardless of how simple or complex they are, while incorporating the needs of users and workers in a healthy safe, efficient and enjoyable manner. This book provides a comprehensive review of the state of the art of current ergonomic in design methods and techniques that are being applied to products, machinery, equipment, workstations and systems while taking new technologies and their applications into consideration.? Ergonomics in Design: Methods and Techniques is organized into four sections and 30 chapters covering topics such as conceptual aspects of ergonomics in design, the knowledge of human characteristics applied to design, and the methodological aspects of design. Examples are shown in several areas of design including, but not limited to, consumer products, games, transport, education, architecture, fashion, sustainability, biomechanics, intelligent systems, virtual reality, and neurodesign. This book will: Introduces the newest developments in social-cultural approaches Shows different ergonomics in design methodological approaches Divulges the ways that ergonomics can contribute to a successful design Applies different subjects to support the design including –ergonomics, engineering, architecture, urbanism, neuro, and product designs. Presents recent technologies in ergonomic design, as applied to product design. With the contributions from a team of 75 researchers from 11 countries, the book covers the state-of-the-art of ergonomics in a way to produce better design.

Ergonomic Workplace Design for Health Wellness and Productivity

Author: Alan Hedge
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466598441
Format: PDF, Docs
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Even with today’s mobile technology, most work is still undertaken in a physical workplace. Today’s workplaces need to be healthy environments that minimize the risks of illnesses or injuries to occupants to compete in the marketplace. This necessitates the application of good ergonomics design principles to the creation of effective workplaces, and this is the focus of this book. This book will: · Focus on ergonomic design for better health and ergonomic design for better productivity · Presents environments that support new ways of working and alternative workplace strategies, as well as the impacts of new technologies · Covers the role of ergonomics design in creating sustainable workplaces · Includes ergonomics design for a wide variety of workplaces, from offices to hospitals, to hotels to vehicles, etc... · Shows the design principles on how to design and create a healthy and productive workplace The market lacks an ergonomics design book that covers the topics that this book will cover. This book summarizes design principles for practitioners, and applies them to the variety of workplace settings described in the book. No other book currently on the market does that.

Handbook of Digital Human Modeling

Author: Vincent G. Duffy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420063529
Format: PDF, ePub
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The rapid introduction of sophisticated computers, services, telecommunications systems, and manufacturing systems has caused a major shift in the way people use and work with technology. It is not surprising that computer-aided modeling has emerged as a promising method for ensuring products meet the requirements of the consumer. The Handbook of Digital Human Modeling provides comprehensive coverage of the theory, tools, and methods to effectively achieve this objective. The 56 chapters in this book, written by 113 contributing authorities from Canada, China, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, Taiwan, UK, and the US, provide a wealth of international knowledge and guidelines. They cover applications in advanced manufacturing, aerospace, automotive, data visualization and simulation, defense and military systems, design for impaired mobility, healthcare and medicine, information systems, and product design. The text elucidates tools to help evaluate product and work design while reducing the need for physical prototyping. Additional software and demonstration materials on the CRC Press web site include a never-before-released 220-page step-by-step UGS-Siemens JackTM help manual developed at Purdue University. The current gap between capability to correctly predict outcomes and set expectation for new and existing products and processes affects human-system performance, market acceptance, product safety, and satisfaction at work. The handbook provides the fundamental concepts and tools for digital human modeling and simulation with a focus on its foundations in human factors and ergonomics. The tools identified and made available in this handbook help reduce the need for physical prototyping. They enable engineers to quantify acceptability and risk in design in terms of the human factors and ergonomics.

A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis

Author: Douglas A. Wiegmann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351962353
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Human error is implicated in nearly all aviation accidents, yet most investigation and prevention programs are not designed around any theoretical framework of human error. Appropriate for all levels of expertise, the book provides the knowledge and tools required to conduct a human error analysis of accidents, regardless of operational setting (i.e. military, commercial, or general aviation). The book contains a complete description of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS), which incorporates James Reason's model of latent and active failures as a foundation. Widely disseminated among military and civilian organizations, HFACS encompasses all aspects of human error, including the conditions of operators and elements of supervisory and organizational failure. It attracts a very broad readership. Specifically, the book serves as the main textbook for a course in aviation accident investigation taught by one of the authors at the University of Illinois. This book will also be used in courses designed for military safety officers and flight surgeons in the U.S. Navy, Army and the Canadian Defense Force, who currently utilize the HFACS system during aviation accident investigations. Additionally, the book has been incorporated into the popular workshop on accident analysis and prevention provided by the authors at several professional conferences world-wide. The book is also targeted for students attending Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University which has satellite campuses throughout the world and offers a course in human factors accident investigation for many of its majors. In addition, the book will be incorporated into courses offered by Transportation Safety International and the Southern California Safety Institute. Finally, this book serves as an excellent reference guide for many safety professionals and investigators already in the field.

The Handbook of Data Mining

Author: Nong Ye
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1410607518
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Created with the input of a distinguished International Board of the foremost authorities in data mining from academia and industry, The Handbook of Data Mining presents comprehensive coverage of data mining concepts and techniques. Algorithms, methodologies, management issues, and tools are all illustrated through engaging examples and real-world applications to ease understanding of the materials. This book is organized into three parts. Part I presents various data mining methodologies, concepts, and available software tools for each methodology. Part II addresses various issues typically faced in the management of data mining projects and tips on how to maximize outcome utility. Part III features numerous real-world applications of these techniques in a variety of areas, including human performance, geospatial, bioinformatics, on- and off-line customer transaction activity, security-related computer audits, network traffic, text and image, and manufacturing quality. This Handbook is ideal for researchers and developers who want to use data mining techniques to derive scientific inferences where extensive data is available in scattered reports and publications. It is also an excellent resource for graduate-level courses on data mining and decision and expert systems methodology.

Constrained Clustering

Author: Sugato Basu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584889977
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Since the initial work on constrained clustering, there have been numerous advances in methods, applications, and our understanding of the theoretical properties of constraints and constrained clustering algorithms. Bringing these developments together, Constrained Clustering: Advances in Algorithms, Theory, and Applications presents an extensive collection of the latest innovations in clustering data analysis methods that use background knowledge encoded as constraints. Algorithms The first five chapters of this volume investigate advances in the use of instance-level, pairwise constraints for partitional and hierarchical clustering. The book then explores other types of constraints for clustering, including cluster size balancing, minimum cluster size,and cluster-level relational constraints. Theory It also describes variations of the traditional clustering under constraints problem as well as approximation algorithms with helpful performance guarantees. Applications The book ends by applying clustering with constraints to relational data, privacy-preserving data publishing, and video surveillance data. It discusses an interactive visual clustering approach, a distance metric learning approach, existential constraints, and automatically generated constraints. With contributions from industrial researchers and leading academic experts who pioneered the field, this volume delivers thorough coverage of the capabilities and limitations of constrained clustering methods as well as introduces new types of constraints and clustering algorithms.

Support Vector Machines

Author: Naiyang Deng
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439857938
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Support Vector Machines: Optimization Based Theory, Algorithms, and Extensions presents an accessible treatment of the two main components of support vector machines (SVMs)—classification problems and regression problems. The book emphasizes the close connection between optimization theory and SVMs since optimization is one of the pillars on which SVMs are built. The authors share insight on many of their research achievements. They give a precise interpretation of statistical leaning theory for C-support vector classification. They also discuss regularized twin SVMs for binary classification problems, SVMs for solving multi-classification problems based on ordinal regression, SVMs for semi-supervised problems, and SVMs for problems with perturbations. To improve readability, concepts, methods, and results are introduced graphically and with clear explanations. For important concepts and algorithms, such as the Crammer-Singer SVM for multi-class classification problems, the text provides geometric interpretations that are not depicted in current literature. Enabling a sound understanding of SVMs, this book gives beginners as well as more experienced researchers and engineers the tools to solve real-world problems using SVMs.

Social Big Data Mining

Author: Hiroshi Ishikawa
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498710948
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book focuses on the basic concepts and the related technologies of data mining for social medial. Topics include: big data and social data, data mining for making a hypothesis, multivariate analysis for verifying the hypothesis, web mining and media mining, natural language processing, social big data applications, and scalability. It explains analytical techniques such as modeling, data mining, and multivariate analysis for social big data. This book is different from other similar books in that presents the overall picture of social big data from fundamental concepts to applications while standing on academic bases.