Data Protection in a Profiled World

Author: Serge Gutwirth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048188659
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
One of the most challenging issues facing our current information society is the accelerating accumulation of data trails in transactional and communication systems, which may be used not only to profile the behaviour of individuals for commercial, marketing and law enforcement purposes, but also to locate and follow things and actions. Data mining, convergence, interoperability, ever- increasing computer capacities and the extreme miniaturisation of the hardware are all elements which contribute to a major contemporary challenge: the profiled world. This interdisciplinary volume offers twenty contributions that delve deeper into some of the complex but urgent questions that this profiled world addresses to data protection and privacy. The chapters of this volume were all presented at the second Conference on Privacy and Data Protection (CPDP2009) held in Brussels in January 2009 (www.cpdpconferences.org). The yearly CPDP conferences aim to become Europe’s most important meeting where academics, practitioners, policy-makers and activists come together to exchange ideas and discuss emerging issues in information technology, privacy and data protection and law. This volume reflects the richness of the conference, containing chapters by leading lawyers, policymakers, computer, technology assessment and social scientists. The chapters cover generic themes such as the evolution of a new generation of data protection laws and the constitutionalisation of data protection and more specific issues like security breaches, unsolicited adjustments, social networks, surveillance and electronic voting. This book not only offers a very close and timely look on the state of data protection and privacy in our profiled world, but it also explores and invents ways to make sure this world remains a world we want to live in.

Virtuality and Capabilities in a World of Ambient Intelligence

Author: Luiz Costa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319391984
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
This book is about power and freedoms in our technological world and has two main objectives. The first is to demonstrate that a theoretical exploration of the algorithmic governmentality hypothesis combined with the capability approach is useful for a better understanding of power and freedoms in Ambient Intelligence, a world where information and communication technologies are invisible, interconnected, context aware, personalized, adaptive to humans and act autonomously. The second is to argue that these theories are useful for a better comprehension of privacy and data protection concepts and the evolution of their regulation. Having these objectives in mind, the book outlines a number of theses based on two threads: first, the elimination of the social effects of uncertainty and the risks to freedoms and, second, the vindication of rights. Inspired by and building on the outcomes of different philosophical and legal approaches, this book embodies an effort to better understand the challenges posed by Ambient Intelligence technologies, opening paths for more effective realization of rights and rooting legal norms in the preservation of the potentiality of human capabilities.

Pers nlichkeitsschutz 2 0

Author: Christina Kühnl
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110495872
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Web 2.0-Dienste, allen voran Soziale Netzwerke, verfügen über reichhaltige Nutzerdaten. Durch Datenanalysen können Profile mit neuen, weitreichenden Erkenntnissen über den Einzelnen gebildet und zu verschiedenen Zwecken genutzt werden. Nutzer werden darüber nicht ausreichend informiert. Das führende Soziale Netzwerk Facebook aus den USA zeigt wenig Bereitschaft, sich unionsrechtlichen Datenschutzvorgaben anzupassen. Weder in der EU noch in den USA besteht ein branchenweit einheitlicher Standard für die Profilbildung Sozialer Netzwerke. Die Arbeit untersucht vor diesem Hintergrund, wie der Persönlichkeitsschutz in Sozialen Netzwerken verbessert werden kann und kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass in Bezug auf die Profilbildung und -nutzung transatlantische Maßnahmen zum effektiven Schutz der Privatheit realisierbar sind, namentlich eine Konvergenz bei grundlegenden Prinzipien, die Verbesserung der Zusammenarbeit auf untergesetzlicher Ebene und ein Ausbau der Kooperation bei der Durchsetzung.

Reforming European Data Protection Law

Author: Serge Gutwirth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401793859
Format: PDF
Download Now
This book on privacy and data protection offers readers conceptual analysis as well as thoughtful discussion of issues, practices, and solutions. It features results of the seventh annual International Conference on Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection, CPDP 2014, held in Brussels January 2014. The book first examines profiling, a persistent core issue of data protection and privacy. It covers the emergence of profiling technologies, on-line behavioral tracking, and the impact of profiling on fundamental rights and values. Next, the book looks at preventing privacy risks and harms through impact assessments. It contains discussions on the tools and methodologies for impact assessments as well as case studies. The book then goes on to cover the purported trade-off between privacy and security, ways to support privacy and data protection, and the controversial right to be forgotten, which offers individuals a means to oppose the often persistent digital memory of the web. Written during the process of the fundamental revision of the current EU data protection law by the Data Protection Package proposed by the European Commission, this interdisciplinary book presents both daring and prospective approaches. It will serve as an insightful resource for readers with an interest in privacy and data protection.

Data Protection and Privacy

Author: Ronald Leenes
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1509919368
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
The subjects of Privacy and Data Protection are more relevant than ever with the European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) becoming enforceable in May 2018. This volume brings together papers that offer conceptual analyses, highlight issues, propose solutions, and discuss practices regarding privacy and data protection. It is one of the results of the tenth annual International Conference on Computers, Privacy and Data Protection, CPDP 2017, held in Brussels in January 2017. The book explores Directive 95/46/EU and the GDPR moving from a market framing to a 'treaty-base games frame', the GDPR requirements regarding machine learning, the need for transparency in automated decision-making systems to warrant against wrong decisions and protect privacy, the riskrevolution in EU data protection law, data security challenges of Industry 4.0, (new) types of data introduced in the GDPR, privacy design implications of conversational agents, and reasonable expectations of data protection in Intelligent Orthoses. This interdisciplinary book was written while the implications of the General Data Protection Regulation 2016/679 were beginning to become clear. It discusses open issues, and daring and prospective approaches. It will serve as an insightful resource for readers with an interest in computers, privacy and data protection.

Privacy and Identity Management for Life

Author: Jan Camenisch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642316689
Format: PDF
Download Now
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 7th IFIP WG 9.2, 9.6/11.7, 11.4, 11.6 International Summer School, held in Trento, Italy, in September 2011. The 20 revised papers were carefully selected from numerous submissions during two rounds of reviewing. The book also contains two invited talks. The papers are organized in topical sections on privacy metrics and comparison, policies, privacy transparency in the age of cloud computing, privacy for mobile applications, consumer privacy, privacy for online communities, privacy for eHealth and eID applications, privacy attacks and problems, and ethics.

Profiling the European Citizen

Author: Mireille Hildebrandt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402069147
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
In the eyes of many, one of the most challenging problems of the information society is that we are faced with an ever expanding mass of information. Based on the work done within the European Network of Excellence (NoE) on the Future of Identity in Information Society (FIDIS), a set of authors from different disciplinary backgrounds and jurisdictions share their understanding of profiling as a technology that may be preconditional for the future of our information society.