Defect Oriented Testing for CMOS Analog and Digital Circuits

Author: Manoj Sachdev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475749260
Format: PDF, ePub
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Defect oriented testing is expected to play a significant role in coming generations of technology. Smaller feature sizes and larger die sizes will make ICs more sensitive to defects that can not be modeled by traditional fault modeling approaches. Furthermore, with increased level of integration, an IC may contain diverse building blocks. Such blocks include, digital logic, PLAs, volatile and non-volatile memories, and analog interfaces. For such diverse building blocks, traditional fault modeling and test approaches will become increasingly inadequate. Defect oriented testing methods have come a long way from a mere interesting academic exercise to a hard industrial reality. Many factors have contributed to its industrial acceptance. Traditional approaches of testing modern integrated circuits (ICs) have been found to be inadequate in terms of quality and economics of test. In a globally competitive semiconductor market place, overall product quality and economics have become very important objectives. In addition, electronic systems are becoming increasingly complex and demand components of highest possible quality. Testing, in general and, defect oriented testing, in particular, help in realizing these objectives. Defect Oriented Testing for CMOS Analog and Digital Circuits is the first book to provide a complete overview of the subject. It is essential reading for all design and test professionals as well as researchers and students working in the field. `A strength of this book is its breadth. Types of designs considered include analog and digital circuits, programmable logic arrays, and memories. Having a fault model does not automatically provide a test. Sometimes, design for testability hardware is necessary. Many design for testability ideas, supported by experimental evidence, are included.' ... from the Foreword by Vishwani D. Agrawal

Defect Oriented Testing for Nano Metric CMOS VLSI Circuits

Author: Manoj Sachdev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387465472
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The 2nd edition of defect oriented testing has been extensively updated. New chapters on Functional, Parametric Defect Models and Inductive fault Analysis and Yield Engineering have been added to provide a link between defect sources and yield. The chapter on RAM testing has been updated with focus on parametric and SRAM stability testing. Similarly, newer material has been incorporated in digital fault modeling and analog testing chapters. The strength of Defect Oriented Testing for nano-Metric CMOS VLSIs lies in its industrial relevance.

Essentials of Electronic Testing for Digital Memory and Mixed Signal VLSI Circuits

Author: M. Bushnell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306470403
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The modern electronic testing has a forty year history. Test professionals hold some fairly large conferences and numerous workshops, have a journal, and there are over one hundred books on testing. Still, a full course on testing is offered only at a few universities, mostly by professors who have a research interest in this area. Apparently, most professors would not have taken a course on electronic testing when they were students. Other than the computer engineering curriculum being too crowded, the major reason cited for the absence of a course on electronic testing is the lack of a suitable textbook. For VLSI the foundation was provided by semiconductor device techn- ogy, circuit design, and electronic testing. In a computer engineering curriculum, therefore, it is necessary that foundations should be taught before applications. The field of VLSI has expanded to systems-on-a-chip, which include digital, memory, and mixed-signalsubsystems. To our knowledge this is the first textbook to cover all three types of electronic circuits. We have written this textbook for an undergraduate “foundations” course on electronic testing. Obviously, it is too voluminous for a one-semester course and a teacher will have to select from the topics. We did not restrict such freedom because the selection may depend upon the individual expertise and interests. Besides, there is merit in having a larger book that will retain its usefulness for the owner even after the completion of the course. With equal tenacity, we address the needs of three other groups of readers.

High Performance Memory Testing

Author: R. Dean Adams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306479729
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Are memory applications more critical than they have been in the past? Yes, but even more critical is the number of designs and the sheer number of bits on each design. It is assured that catastrophes, which were avoided in the past because memories were small, will easily occur if the design and test engineers do not do their jobs very carefully. High Performance Memory Testing: Design Principles, Fault Modeling and Self Test is based on the author's 20 years of experience in memory design, memory reliability development and memory self test. High Performance Memory Testing: Design Principles, Fault Modeling and Self Test is written for the professional and the researcher to help them understand the memories that are being tested.

A Designer s Guide to Built in Self Test

Author: Charles E. Stroud
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402070500
Format: PDF, ePub
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A recent technological advance is the art of designing circuits to test themselves, referred to as a Built-In Self-Test (BIST). This idea was first proposed around 1980 and has grown to become one of the most important testing techniques at the current time, as well as for the future. This book is written from a designer's perspective and describes the major BIST approaches that have been proposed and implemented since 1980, along with their advantages and limitations. The BIST approaches include the Built-In Logic Block Observer, pseudo-exhaustive BIST techniques, Circular BIST, scan-based BIST, BIST for regular structures, BIST for FPGAs and CPLDs, mixed-signal BIST, and the integration of BIST with concurrent fault detection techniques for on-line testing. Particular attention is paid to system-level use of BIST in order to maximize the benefits of BIST through reduced testing time and cost as well as high diagnostic resolution. The author spent 15 years as a designer at Bell Labs where he designed over 20 production VLSI devices and 3 production circuit boards. Sixteen of the VLSI devices contained BIST of various types for regular structures and general sequential logic, including the first BIST for Random Access Memories (RAMs), the first completely self-testing integrated circuit, and the first BIST for mixed-signal systems at Bell Labs. He has spent the past 10 years in academia where his research and development continues to focus on BIST, including the first BIST for FPGAs and CPLDs along with continued work in the area of BIST for general sequential logic and mixed-signal systems. He holds 10 US patents (with 5 more pending) for various types of BIST approaches. Therefore, the author brings a unique blend of knowledge and experience to this practical guide for designers, test engineers, product engineers, system diagnosticians, and managers.

Power Constrained Testing of VLSI Circuits

Author: Nicola Nicolici
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306487314
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This text focuses on techniques for minimizing power dissipation during test application at logic and register-transfer levels of abstraction of the VLSI design flow. It surveys existing techniques and presents several test automation techniques for reducing power in scan-based sequential circuits and BIST data paths.

Digital Logic Testing and Simulation

Author: Alexander Miczo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471457770
Format: PDF, Docs
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Your road map for meeting today's digital testing challenges Today, digital logic devices are common in products that impact public safety, including applications in transportation and human implants. Accurate testing has become more critical to reliability, safety, and the bottom line. Yet, as digital systems become more ubiquitous and complex, the challenge of testing them has become more difficult. As one development group designing a RISC stated, "the work required to . . . test a chip of this size approached the amount of effort required to design it." A valued reference for nearly two decades, Digital Logic Testing and Simulation has been significantly revised and updated for designers and test engineers who must meet this challenge. There is no single solution to the testing problem. Organized in an easy-to-follow, sequential format, this Second Edition familiarizes the reader with the many different strategies for testing and their applications, and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the various approaches. The book reviews the building blocks of a successful testing strategy and guides the reader on choosing the best solution for a particular application. Digital Logic Testing and Simulation, Second Edition covers such key topics as: * Binary Decision Diagrams (BDDs) and cycle-based simulation * Tester architectures/Standard Test Interface Language (STIL) * Practical algorithms written in a Hardware Design Language (HDL) * Fault tolerance * Behavioral Automatic Test Pattern Generation (ATPG) * The development of the Test Design Expert (TDX), the many obstacles encountered and lessons learned in creating this novel testing approach Up-to-date and comprehensive, Digital Logic Testing and Simulation is an important resource for anyone charged with pinpointing faulty products and assuring quality, safety, and profitability.

Advances in Electronic Testing

Author: Dimitris Gizopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387294090
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is a new type of edited volume in the Frontiers in Electronic Testing book series devoted to recent advances in electronic circuits testing. The book is a comprehensive elaboration on important topics which capture major research and development efforts today. "Hot" topics of current interest to test technology community have been selected, and the authors are key contributors in the corresponding topics.

Design for AT Speed Test Diagnosis and Measurement

Author: Benoit Nadeau-Dostie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306475448
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Design for AT-Speed Test, Diagnosis and Measurement is the first book to offer practical and proven design-for-testability (DFT) solutions to chip and system design engineers, test engineers and product managers at the silicon level as well as at the board and systems levels. Designers will see how the implementation of embedded test enables simplification of silicon debug and system bring-up. Test engineers will determine how embedded test provides a superior level of at-speed test, diagnosis and measurement without exceeding the capabilities of their equipment. Product managers will learn how the time, resources and costs associated with test development, manufacture cost and lifecycle maintenance of their products can be significantly reduced by designing embedded test in the product. A complete design flow and analysis of the impact of embedded test on a design makes this book a `must read' before any DFT is attempted.