Defending Copernicus and Galileo

Author: Maurice A. Finocchiaro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048132010
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Although recent works on Galileo’s trial have reached new heights of erudition, documentation, and sophistication, they often exhibit inflated complexities, neglect 400 years of historiography, or make little effort to learn from Galileo. This book strives to avoid such lacunae by judiciously comparing and contrasting the two Galileo affairs, that is, the original controversy over the earth’s motion ending with his condemnation by the Inquisition in 1633, and the subsequent controversy over the rightness of that condemnation continuing to our day. The book argues that the Copernican Revolution required that the hypothesis of the earth’s motion be not only constructively supported with new reasons and evidence, but also critically defended from numerous old and new objections. This defense in turn required not only the destructive refutation, but also the appreciative understanding of those objections in all their strength. A major Galilean accomplishment was to elaborate such a reasoned, critical, and fair-minded defense of Copernicanism. Galileo’s trial can be interpreted as a series of ecclesiastic attempts to stop him from so defending Copernicus. And an essential thread of the subsequent controversy has been the emergence of many arguments claiming that his condemnation was right, as well as defenses of Galileo from such criticisms. The book’s particular yet overarching thesis is that today the proper defense of Galileo can and should have the reasoned, critical, and fair-minded character which his own defense of Copernicus had.

Controversies Within the Scientific Revolution

Author: Marcelo Dascal
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027218951
Format: PDF, Docs
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From the beginning of the Scientific Revolution around the late sixteenth century to its final crystallization in the early eighteenth century, hardly an observational result, an experimental technique, a theory, a mathematical proof, a methodological principle, or the award of recognition and reputation remained unquestioned for long. The essays collected in this book examine the rich texture of debates that comprised the Scientific Revolution from which the modern conception of science emerged. Were controversies marginal episodes, restricted to certain fields, or were they the rule in the majority of scientific domains? To what extent did scientific controversies share a typical pattern, which distinguished them from debates in other fields? Answers to these historical and philosophical questions are sought through a close attention to specific controversies within and across the changing scientific disciplines as well as across the borders of the natural and the human sciences, philosophy, theology, and technology.

Galileo and the Conflict between Religion and Science

Author: Gregory W. Dawes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131726889X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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For more than 30 years, historians have rejected what they call the ‘warfare thesis’ – the idea that there is an inevitable conflict between religion and science – insisting that scientists and believers can live in harmony. This book disagrees. Taking as its starting point the most famous of all such conflicts, the Galileo affair, it argues that religious and scientific communities exhibit very different attitudes to knowledge. Scripturally based religions not only claim a source of knowledge distinct from human reason. They are also bound by tradition, insist upon the certainty of their beliefs, and are resistant to radical criticism in ways in which the sciences are not. If traditionally minded believers perceive a clash between what their faith tells them and the findings of modern science, they may well do what the Church authorities did in Galileo’s time. They may attempt to close down the science, insisting that the authority of God’s word trumps that of any ‘merely human’ knowledge. Those of us who value science must take care to ensure this does not happen.

Die Mechanisierung des Weltbildes

Author: Eduard J. Dijksterhuis
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364262037X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Das Buch von Dijksterhuis erschien in deutscher Sprache erstmals 1956. Der Autor gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über die Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften vom Altertum über das Mittelalter bis zu der Geburt der klassischen Naturwissenschaft. Neben den eigentlichen naturwissenschaftlichen Fragestellungen finden auch philosophische und geisteswissenschaftliche Aspekte der behandelten Zeitabschnitte Berücksichtigung. Professor Dr. Heinz Maier-Leibnitz schreibt in seinem Geleitwort: "Aber wenn uns die Wissenschaftsgeschichte helfen soll, dann darf sie nicht auf denselben modischen Bahnen wandeln wie die meisten, die heute über Wissenschaft schreiben. Deshalb freue ich mich, daß das Buch von Dijksterhuis wieder aufgelegt wird. Er ist nicht modisch. Ganz sorgfältig dringt er in das Denken früherer Jahrhunderte ein. Wer ihm folgt, und es ist ein Vergnügen, ihm zu folgen, wird viel für sein Denken profitieren."

Kepler Und Galilei Classic Reprint

Author: Siegmund Gu ̈nther
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 9780428569624
Format: PDF, ePub
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Excerpt from Kepler, Und, Galilei (geb. 1576) feinem bergen anfcheinenh minher nahe geftanhen haben. 9)lan unterfchieh hamale 51eifchen "unteren unb "oberen. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Methodenlehre der Sozialwissenschaften

Author: Felix Kaufmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3709160014
Format: PDF, Docs
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.