Defending the Genetic Supermarket

Author: Colin Gavaghan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135392927
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The controversial topic of the technology of Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis, and the muddled approach to this subject adopted by the UK Parliament, is explored in detail in this volume. The author takes the viewpoint that the HFEA has taken insufficient notice to date of certain core ethical principles and makes the case for a much more ethically consistent and humane system than has been managed so far. Arguing that many of the fears and objections levied against Robert Nozick’s notion of the ‘Genetic Supermarket’ by disability activists, christian bioethicists and radical feminists, amongst others, are internally inconsistent, philosophically unsound or merely highly improbable, the author considers a number of individual policy decisions of the HFEA and addresses such questions as: Can a case be made out for state involvement in such decisions? Who stands to be harmed by a supermarket model? Are any ethical principles or societal interests threatened by it? This book is an essential resource for law students of all levels and professionals working within or interested in medical and healthcare law and medical genetics.

Healthcare Research Ethics and Law

Author: Hazel Biggs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135309280
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The book explores and explains the relationship between law and ethics in the context of medically related research in order to provide a practical guide to understanding for members of research ethics committees (RECs), professionals involved with medical research and those with an academic interest in the subject. Healthcare Research Ethics and Law sets out the law as it relates to the functions of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) within the context of the process of ethical review and aims to be accessible and readily understood by REC members. Each chapter begins by locating the material within the practical context of ethical review and then provides a more theoretical and analytical discussion detailing how the theory and practice fit together. The key legal issues of confidentiality, consent and negligence are addressed in detail, alongside practical guidance as to how and when liability may be incurred in these areas. In addition, the practical and legal implications of the implementation of European Directive 2001/20/EC, the Human Tissue Act 2004 and the Mental Capacity Act 2005 are considered alongside a discussion of their socio-political background and relevance for medical research in the UK.

Euthanasia Ethics and the Law

Author: Richard Huxtable
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135392447
Format: PDF
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Euthanasia, Ethics and the Law argues that the law governing the ending of life in England and Wales is unclear, confused and often contradictory. The book shows that the rules are in competition because the ethical principles underlying the rules are also diverse and conflicting. In mounting his case Richard Huxtable considers some familiar and topical debates, including assisted suicide and voluntary euthanasia, examining such situations as the Dianne Pretty litigation and Lord Joffe's Assisted Dying for the Terminally Ill Bill. The book also enters some important, but less well-charted areas, looking at the advent of 'death tourism' and the real status of involuntary and passive euthanasia in English law, in addition to clarifying the confusion that surrounds the use of powerful painkillers like morphine. Dealing with both legal and ethical issues, the text concludes that the time has come to more openly adopt a compromise position - one that more honestly recognises and accommodates the competing values, whilst also restoring a measure of coherence to the law.

Legal Aspects of HIV AIDS

Author:
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821371061
Format: PDF, ePub
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This is an invaluable resource for lawyers, policy makers, and other practitioners with an interest in countries' responses to HIV/AIDS. Legal Aspects of HIV/AIDS: A Guide for Policy and Law Reform covers 65 wide-ranging topics in a concise, accessible format, explaining how laws and regulations can either underpin or undermine public health programs and responsible personal behavior. For each topic, the Guide summarizes the key legal or policy issues, provides relevant "practice examples" (citing actual laws and regulations), and offers a selective list of references that may be consulted for more information. Laws relating to many areas of our lives - from intimate physical conduct to international travel - can contribute to stigma, discrimination, and exclusion or, contrariwise, can help remedy these inequities. In order to create a supportive legal framework for responding to HIV/AIDS, it is important that governments effectively address gaps and other problematic aspects in their legislation and regulatory systems. This book, written by a team of leading legal experts, helps them do so.

The Concept of Law

Author: Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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H. L. A. Hart's The Concept of Law is without question the most important work of legal philosophy written this century; no other study has made such an important contribution to the study of jurisprudence and legal philosophy. Since it was first published in 1961 its elegant language and balanced arguments have inspired generations of students to address the wider problems associated with the study of law. In this long awaited new edition Hart presents a postscript in which he re-examines the foundations of his philosophy of law, with special attention to Professor Dworkin's criticism of it. With dispassionate lucidity he shows how much of the criticism stems from misunderstanding and confusion of thought. The postscript provides a clarification and a restatement of the fundamental tenets of his position. This thought-provoking new edition will re-open a wide range of debates and will be welcomed by all those with an interest in legal philosophy and jurisprudence.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consumer Privacy

Author: Evan Selinger
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316859274
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Businesses are rushing to collect personal data to fuel surging demand. Data enthusiasts claim personal information that's obtained from the commercial internet, including mobile platforms, social networks, cloud computing, and connected devices, will unlock path-breaking innovation, including advanced data security. By contrast, regulators and activists contend that corporate data practices too often disempower consumers by creating privacy harms and related problems. As the Internet of Things matures and facial recognition, predictive analytics, big data, and wearable tracking grow in power, scale, and scope, a controversial ecosystem will exacerbate the acrimony over commercial data capture and analysis. The only productive way forward is to get a grip on the key problems right now and change the conversation. That's exactly what Jules Polonetsky, Omer Tene, and Evan Selinger do. They bring together diverse views from leading academics, business leaders, and policymakers to discuss the opportunities and challenges of the new data economy.

Pioneering Ethics in a Longitudinal Study

Author: Karen Birmingham
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447340388
Format: PDF, Mobi
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An examination of the early work of the innovative Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children Ethics and Law Committee. It will help anyone involved in other cohort studies to understand how ethical policies evolve.

Nature and Society

Author: Philippe Descola
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134827156
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The contributors to this book focus on the relationship between nature and society from a variety of theoretical and ethnographic perspectives. Their work draws upon recent developments in social theory, biology, ethnobiology, epistemology, sociology of science, and a wide array of ethnographic case studies -- from Amazonia, the Solomon Islands, Malaysia, the Mollucan Islands, rural comunities from Japan and north-west Europe, urban Greece, and laboratories of molecular biology and high-energy physics. The discussion is divided into three parts, emphasising the problems posed by the nature-culture dualism, some misguided attempts to respond to these problems, and potential avenues out of the current dilemmas of ecological discourse.