The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309134408
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In 1992 the National Research Council issued DNA Technology in Forensic Science, a book that documented the state of the art in this emerging field. Recently, this volume was brought to worldwide attention in the murder trial of celebrity O. J. Simpson. The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence reports on developments in population genetics and statistics since the original volume was published. The committee comments on statements in the original book that proved controversial or that have been misapplied in the courts. This volume offers recommendations for handling DNA samples, performing calculations, and other aspects of using DNA as a forensic tool--modifying some recommendations presented in the 1992 volume. The update addresses two major areas: Determination of DNA profiles. The committee considers how laboratory errors (particularly false matches) can arise, how errors might be reduced, and how to take into account the fact that the error rate can never be reduced to zero. Interpretation of a finding that the DNA profile of a suspect or victim matches the evidence DNA. The committee addresses controversies in population genetics, exploring the problems that arise from the mixture of groups and subgroups in the American population and how this substructure can be accounted for in calculating frequencies. This volume examines statistical issues in interpreting frequencies as probabilities, including adjustments when a suspect is found through a database search. The committee includes a detailed discussion of what its recommendations would mean in the courtroom, with numerous case citations. By resolving several remaining issues in the evaluation of this increasingly important area of forensic evidence, this technical update will be important to forensic scientists and population geneticists--and helpful to attorneys, judges, and others who need to understand DNA and the law. Anyone working in laboratories and in the courts or anyone studying this issue should own this book.

Trials Without Truth

Author: William T. Pizzi
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814766501
Format: PDF, Docs
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A former federal prosecutor and present professor of law demonstrates the corruption of the trial system, criticizing the way lawyers are permitted to turn the criminal proceedings to their own ends and offering a prescription for a truly just system. UP.

Model Rules of Professional Conduct

Author: American Bar Association. House of Delegates
Publisher: American Bar Association
ISBN: 9781604421071
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The 2008 Edition of the Model Rules of Professional Conduct is an up-to-date resource for information on lawyer ethics. The Rules, with some variations, have been adopted in 48 jurisdictions. Federal, state, and local courts in all jurisdictions, even those that have not formally adopted the Rules, look to the Rules for guidance in resolving lawyer malpractice cases, disciplinary actions, disqualification issues, sanctions questions, and much more.

Sealing Court Records and Proceedings

Author: Robert Timothy Reagan
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437982506
Format: PDF, ePub
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Court case records and proceedings are presumptively public, but occasionally there are compelling reasons for keeping all or parts of them confidential, sometimes permanently but often only temporarily. This guide summarizes the case law on sealing records and proceedings and presents a useful procedural checklist of seven principles to follow when denying public access. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find publication.

DNA Technology in Forensic Science

Author: Committee on DNA Technology in Forensic Science
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309045878
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Matching DNA samples from crime scenes and suspects is rapidly becoming a key source of evidence for use in our justice system. DNA Technology in Forensic Science offers recommendations for resolving crucial questions that are emerging as DNA typing becomes more widespread. The volume addreses key issues: Quality and reliability in DNA typing, including the introduction of new technologies, problems of standardization, and approaches to certification. DNA typing in the courtroom, including issues of population genetics, levels of understanding among judges and juries, and admissibility. Societal issues, such as privacy of DNA data, storage of samples and data, and the rights of defendants to quality testing technology. Combining this original volume with the new update--The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence--provides the complete, up-to-date picture of this highly important and visible topic. This volume offers important guidance to anyone working with this emerging law enforcement tool: policymakers, specialists in criminal law, forensic scientists, geneticists, researchers, faculty, and students.

Mandatory justice

Author: Constitution Project (Georgetown Public Policy Institute)
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780971544901
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Litigation Paralegal A Systems Approach

Author: James W. H. McCord
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1428323449
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Litigation Paralegal: A Systems Approach, fifth edition provides students and faculty with a learning resource written specifically for them. It is a resource combining the theories and principles of law with practical paralegal skills, paralegal ethics, numerous forms, checklists, practice tips, online resources, and a focus on the goals and needs of the paralegal profession, all in the context of the law office. This text also provides instructors with the flexibility to utilize the step-by-step law office litigation system, which stresses student organizational skills and quality control techniques, or any other approach of the instructor’s choosing. This new edition addresses electronic discovery and filing and the associated ethical and practical responsibilities of the lawyer and the paralegal. New revisions to the Federal Rules of Evidence and Civil and Appellate Procedure are examined, as are the practice requirements of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. New/revised forms have been added to reflect current practice. Web sites, assignments, key terms, and study questions have been updated throughout the text as well. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

A Fair Hearing

Author: Stephen Shute
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113403850X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book reports on research which investigates the perceptions of ethnic minorities concerning their treatment in the criminal courts. It examines the extent to which ethnic minority defendants and witnesses in both the Crown Court and the magistrates' courts perceived their treatment to have been unfair, whether they believed any unfairness to have been the result of ethnic bias, and whether this had affected their confidence in the criminal courts. The study, carried out by the Oxford Centre for Criminological Research in association with the University of Birmingham for the Lord Chancellor's Department, involved observations of cases and interviews with more than a thousand people (defendants, witnesses, barristers, solicitors, judges, magistrates and others), and focused on courts in Manchester, Birmingham and London. A Fair Hearing? Ethnic minorities in the criminal courts begins by showing how widely held the belief has been that ethnic minorities are discriminated against by the courts and by other agencies in the criminal justice system. It discusses the factors that contributed to this belief, including the findings of the Macpherson Report and the notion of 'institutional racism'. The main part of the book then looks at the institutional setting in which the research took place, the experience of defendants and witnesses, their views about how they were treated by the criminal courts, and the views of others involved in the court process. Final chapters in the book address the issue of sensitivity to ethnicity on the part of judges, magistrates and lawyers. It shows that attitudes and practices are perceived to have changed for the better and examines what more needs to be done to increase the confidence that members of ethnic minorities have in the fairness of the criminal courts.