Delinquent Prone Communities

Author: Don Weatherburn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139432061
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Despite a century of effort, criminologists do not yet fully understand the relationship between disadvantage and crime. The balance of evidence suggests that economic and social stress increase the risk of involvement in crime by increasing the motivation to offend. But there are a number of empirical anomalies that cannot easily be reconciled with this interpretation of the evidence. Weatherburn and Lind argue that the transmission mechanism linking economic and social stress to crime is not offender motivation but disruption to the parenting process. They put forward an epidemic model of the genesis of delinquent-prone communities and show how this model resolves the empirical anomalies facing conventional interpretations of the disadvantage/crime relationship. This book offers compelling new evidence which will stimulate debate in this area of criminology and will also interest academics, policy makers and practitioners in the field.

Shame Management Through Reintegration

Author: Eliza Ahmed
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521003704
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This 2001 book follows on from John Braithwaite's influential and best-selling Crime, Shame and Reintegration.

The Virtual Prison

Author: Julian V. Roberts
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521536448
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Analyses the effectiveness and implications of community custody for offenders and society as a whole.

Community Criminology

Author: Ralph B. Taylor
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814724183
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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For close to a century, the field of community criminology has examined the causes and consequences of community crime and delinquency rates. Nevertheless, there is still a lot we do not know about the dynamics behind these connections. In this book, Ralph Taylor argues that obstacles to deepening our understanding of community/crime links arise in part because most scholars have overlooked four fundamental concerns: how conceptual frames depend on the geographic units and/or temporal units used; how to establish the meaning of theoretically central ecological empirical indicators; and how to think about the causes and consequences of non-random selection dynamics. The volume organizes these four conceptual challenges using a common meta-analytic framework. The framework pinpoints critical features of and gaps in current theories about communities and crime, connects these concerns to current debates in both criminology and the philosophy of social science, and sketches the types of theory testing needed in the future if we are to grow our understanding of the causes and consequences of community crime rates. Taylor explains that a common meta-theoretical frame provides a grammar for thinking critically about current theories and simultaneously allows presenting these four topics and their connections in a unified manner. The volume provides an orientation to current and past scholarship in this area by describing three distinct but related community crime sequences involving delinquents, adult offenders, and victims. These sequences highlight community justice dynamics thereby raising questions about frequently used crime indicators in this area of research. A groundbreaking work melding past scholarly practices in criminology with the field’s current needs, Community Criminology is an essential work for criminologists.

Juvenile Justice

Author: Chris Cunneen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195550504
Format: PDF
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Juvenile Justice: Youth and Crime in Australia explores the nature of juvenile crime and the responses of the juvenile justice system to it. The book introduces the main concepts and issues in juvenile justice and provides an overview of both the dynamics of youth crime and the institutions of social control. This new book builds on the earlier successful work Juvenile Justice: An Australian Perspective and presents an analysis of youth and crime in three parts: Part 1: "History, Theory, and Institutions", has chapters on the historical development of juvenile justice, the key theoretical approaches to explaining youth crime, the nature of youth crime, and the institutional responses to juvenile offending. Part 2: "Social dynamics of Juvenile Justice", has chapters on class and community, indigenous young people, gender and juvenile justice, and ethnic minority youth. Part 3: "The State, Punishment, and Community", has chapters on police, the courts and sentencing, detentioncentres and community corrections, youth crime prevention, and restorative justice. This comprehensive and well-crafted book is an indispensable text for students in criminology, criminal justice, sociology, criminal law, social work, and justice studies. It is also an important reference source for youth and community workers, justice department officials, members of the police, social scientitsts, social workers, and young people themselves.

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

Author: Garland F. White
Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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This book provides an examination of the major criminological perspectives on the presence of crime and disorder in residential communities. Perspectives are examined with a framework made up of two central dimensions, social and physical capital.