Development and Application of Biomarkers

Author: Roger L. Lundblad
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439819807
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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First introduced to biomedical research in 1980, the term biomarker has taken on a life of its own in recent years and has come to mean a number of things. In biomedical science, biomarker has evolved to most commonly mean a characteristic that can be used either as a diagnostic or a prognostic, but most significantly as a screening indicator for pathologies that tend to be somewhat silent prior to overt clinical display. Applying scientific rigor, as well as a disciplined approach to nomenclature, Roger Lundblad’s Development and Application of Biomarkers rationalizes the current enthusiasm for biomarkers with the use of well-established clinical laboratory analytes in clinical medicine. Highly respected for his work as both a classical protein scientist and as a pioneer in proteomics, Dr. Lundblad catalogs various biomarkers recognized in clinical medicine and, where possible, matches the expectations for advances in screening technologies with the realities of statistical analysis. More specifically, this important reference: Details an extensive list of biomarkers for various stages of a number of cancer types including ovarian, pancreatic, prostate, and breast cancer Looks at how proteomics is used for the discovery and validation of biomarkers Explores the use of microarray technology, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography, and computational bioinformatic approaches for the discovery and use of biomarkers Examines the use of cells and cell fragments as more complex biomarkers Organizes a host of significant biomarkers and essential research by type and use in a series of readily accessible tables Throughout this volume, Dr. Lundblad encourages consideration of biomarkers more as a concept than as laboratory analytes, emphasizing the relation between the discovery of a biomarker and the biology underlying its production. Ultimately, it is a thorough understanding of that underlying biology that will lead to the development of assays that are robust and reproducible, as well as clinically significant.

The Evolution from Protein Chemistry to Proteomics

Author: Roger L. Lundblad
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420036408
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Largely driven by major improvements in the analytical capability of mass spectrometry, proteomics is being applied to broader areas of experimental biology, ranging from oncology research to plant biology to environmental health. However, while it has already eclipsed solution protein chemistry as a discipline, it is still essentially an extension of classical protein chemistry, owing much of its maturation to prior contributions. Unfortunately, this debt is not always evident in current literature. The Evolution from Protein Chemistry to Proteomics: Basic Science to Clinical Application, in providing a different perspective than other reviews, strengthens the connection between solution protein chemistry and proteomic technology. Towards this end, Roger Lundblad, a long-time leader in protein chemistry and a scientist who has worked in both academics and industry, brings together some seemingly disparate areas into a single volume. Discussing analytical proteomics, expression proteomics, and clinical proteomics (biomarker identification), he provides coverage that is uniquely rich in detail. Lundblad applies this detail to sample preparation for proteomic analysis, including preparation from blood and tissues. He also presents specifics on the prefractionation of samples used to identify specific subproteomes such as phosphoproteomes and glycoproteomes. Comprehensive reviews are provided covering the chemical modification of proteins, including its use for chemical proteomics. Special attention is given to challenges that impede the identification, validation, and development of biomarkers into clinically useful diagnostic analytes. A bestselling author, Lundblad utilizes classical protein chemistry literature in providing an intellectual basis for proteomics that merges current concepts with the existing literature, while providing the technical detail necessary for the effective commercialization of proteomics.

Egg Proteins Advances in Research and Application 2013 Edition

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Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1481675230
Format: PDF
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Egg Proteins—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about ZZZAdditional Research in a compact format. The editors have built Egg Proteins—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Egg Proteins—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Mass Spectrometry and Biomarkers Development

Author: K.D. Rodland
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586034610
Format: PDF
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One of the major goals of twenty-first century medicine is the identification of biomarkers for the earliest possible stages of disease involvement so that prompt clinical intervention can limit damage, reverse pathological change, and ideally effect a complete cure. New developments in the analytical field of mass spectrometry are providing clinicians and translational scientists with even more powerful tools for the discovery of novel biomarkers. A key requirement for the successful application of mass spectrometric approaches to biomarker discovery is a clear reference standard for the 'normal' human proteome, and a better understanding of the sources and extent of 'normal' variability in human plasma proteins. This special issue of Disease Markers includes examples of biomarker discovery efforts directed at breast and prostate cancers, diabetes mellitus, and heart disease.

Microarrays in Diagnostics and Biomarker Development

Author: Bertrand Jordan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642282032
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Microarray technology has made strong progress over the past decade, and there have also been significant changes in application areas, from nucleic acids to proteomics and from research to clinical applications. This book provides a comprehensive overview of microarrays in diagnostics and biomarker development, covering DNA, peptide, protein and tissue arrays. The focus is on entities that are in actual clinical use, or quite close, and on recent developments, such as peptide and aptamer arrays. A further topic is the miniaturisation towards “nanoarrays”, which is expected to have great potential in clinical applications. Relevant issues of bioinformatics and statistical analysis of array data are discussed in detail, as well as the barriers to the commercialisation of array-based tests and the vexing IP issues involved. Thus, the book should be very useful tor active array users as well as to newcomers seeking to make the best choice between different technologies.

Immunosensing for Detection of Protein Biomarkers

Author: Huangxian Ju
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081020007
Format: PDF
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Immunosensing for Detection of Protein Biomarkers not only introduces the principles, methods, and classification of immunoassay, but also presents the latest achievements in areas such as electrochemical immunosensors, nanoprobe-based immunoassay, chemiluminescence immunoassay, electrochemiluminescent immunoassay, multianalyte immunoassay, optical imaging for immunoassay, signal amplification for immunoassay, and so on. In recent years, immunosensing and immunoassay methods have attracted considerable interest due to their applications in different fields, particularly clinical diagnosis. Although a large number of academic papers in immunosensing and immunoassay have been published in different journals recently, it is still a difficult and time-consuming task for researchers, especially those new to the area, to understand the principles, methods, and research progress of immunosensing. Based on the research experience of the authors and their research groups, this book offers readers with new research ideas to develop immunosensing methodology. As a monograph, it offers deeper and more complete coverage than review papers, which only report certain aspects of progress. Grounded in the research experience of Professor Ju’s research group, the book focuses on immunosensing for detection of protein biomarkers, summarizing understanding, research, and practice on immunosensing methodology in detection of protein biomarkers. Presents the latest research and thinking on immunosensing for detection of protein biomarkers Offers current techniques, and looks to the development of new methodologies Offers the latest developments in various aspects of immunosensing, including electrochemiluminescent immunoassay, multianalyte immunoassay, optical imaging immunoassay, and signal amplification immunoassay Offers readers new ideas to research and develop immunosensing methodologies for the future

Biomarker Methods in Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Feng Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1934115231
Format: PDF, Docs
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In this book, expert researchers provide a tool box for those who have a general interest in biomarker research and for those currently specializing in certain technologies but desiring an understanding of other available methodologies. Its chapters include validated, mature methods as well as new, incredibly promising protocols. This book is the perfect biomarker technical guideline and reference to stimulate more exciting biomarker research and technology development.

Enzymes and Coenzymes Advances in Research and Application 2011 Edition

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Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 9781464920721
Format: PDF, ePub
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Enzymes and Coenzymes: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Enzymes and Coenzymes. The editors have built Enzymes and Coenzymes: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Enzymes and Coenzymes in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Enzymes and Coenzymes: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

OMICS

Author: Debmalya Barh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466562838
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With the advent of new technologies and acquired knowledge, the number of fields in omics and their applications in diverse areas are rapidly increasing in the postgenomics era. Such emerging fields—including pharmacogenomics, toxicogenomics, regulomics, spliceomics, metagenomics, and environomics—present budding solutions to combat global challenges in biomedicine, agriculture, and the environment. OMICS: Applications in Biomedical, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences provides valuable insights into the applications of modern omics technologies to real-world problems in the life sciences. Filling a gap in the literature, it offers a broad, multidisciplinary view of current and emerging applications of omics in a single volume. Written by highly experienced active researchers, each chapter describes a particular area of omics and the associated technologies and applications. Topics covered include: Proteomics, epigenomics, and pharmacogenomics Toxicogenomics and the assessment of environmental pollutants Applications of plant metabolomics Nutrigenomics and its therapeutic applications Microalgal omics and omics approaches in biofuel production Next-generation sequencing and omics technology for transgenic plant analysis Omics approaches in crop improvement Engineering dark-operative chlorophyll synthesis Computational regulomics Omics techniques for the analysis of RNA splicing New fields, including metagenomics, glycomics, and miRNA Breast cancer biomarkers for early detection Environomics strategies for environmental sustainability This timely book explores a wide range of omics application areas in the biomedical, agricultural, and environmental sciences. Throughout, it highlights working solutions as well as open problems and future challenges. Demonstrating the diversity of omics, it introduces readers to state-of-the-art developments and trends in omics-driven research.