Developmental Cognitive Science Goes to School

Author: Nancy L. Stein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136871225
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book addresses core issues related to school learning and the use of developmental/cognitive science models to improve school-based instruction. The contributors comprise a veritable "who's who" of leading researchers and scientists who are broadly trained in developmental psychology, cognitive science, economics, sociology, statistics, and physical science, and who are using basic learning theories from their respective disciplines to create better learning environments in school settings. Developmental Cognitive Science Goes to School: presents evidence-based studies that describe models of complex learning within specific subject-area disciplines focuses on domain knowledge and how this knowledge is structured in different domains across the curriculum gives critical attention to the topic of the ability to overcome errors and misconceptions addresses models that should be used to begin instruction for populations of children who normally fail at schooling. This is a must-read volume for all researchers, students, and professionals interested in evidence-based educational practices and issues related to domain-specific teaching and learning.

The Cambridge Handbook of Cognition and Education

Author: John Dunlosky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108245102
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This Handbook reviews a wealth of research in cognitive and educational psychology that investigates how to enhance learning and instruction to aid students struggling to learn and to advise teachers on how best to support student learning. The Handbook includes features that inform readers about how to improve instruction and student achievement based on scientific evidence across different domains, including science, mathematics, reading and writing. Each chapter supplies a description of the learning goal, a balanced presentation of the current evidence about the efficacy of various approaches to obtaining that learning goal, and a discussion of important future directions for research in this area. It is the ideal resource for researchers continuing their study of this field or for those only now beginning to explore how to improve student achievement.

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

Author: Roi Cohen Kadosh
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191036005
Format: PDF, Kindle
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How do we understand numbers? Do animals and babies have numerical abilities? Why do some people fail to grasp numbers, and how we can improve numerical understanding? Numbers are vital to so many areas of life: in science, economics, sports, education, and many aspects of everyday life from infancy onwards. Numerical cognition is a vibrant area that brings together scientists from different and diverse research areas (e.g., neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, anthropology, education, and neuroscience) using different methodological approaches (e.g., behavioral studies of healthy children and adults and of patients; electrophysiology and brain imaging studies in humans; single-cell neurophysiology in non-human primates, habituation studies in human infants and animals, and computer modeling). While the study of numerical cognition had been relatively neglected for a long time, during the last decade there has been an explosion of studies and new findings. This has resulted in an enormous advance in our understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms of numerical cognition. In addition, there has recently been increasing interest and concern about pupils' mathematical achievement in many countries, resulting in attempts to use research to guide mathematics instruction in schools, and to develop interventions for children with mathematical difficulties. This handbook brings together the different research areas that make up the field of numerical cognition in one comprehensive and authoritative volume. The chapters provide a broad and extensive review that is written in an accessible form for scholars and students, as well as educationalists, clinicians, and policy makers. The book covers the most important aspects of research on numerical cognition from the areas of development psychology, cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disabilities, human and animal cognition and neuroscience, computational modeling, education and individual differences, and philosophy. Containing more than 60 chapters by leading specialists in their fields, the Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition is a state-of-the-art review of the current literature.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development

Author: Usha Goswami
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444351737
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This definitive volume is the result of collaboration by top scholars in the field of children's cognition. New edition offers an up-to-date overview of all the major areas of importance in the field, and includes new data from cognitive neuroscience and new chapters on social cognitive development and language Provides state-of-the-art summaries of current research by international specialists in different areas of cognitive development Spans aspects of cognitive development from infancy to the onset of adolescence Includes chapters on symbolic reasoning, pretend play, spatial development, abnormal cognitive development and current theoretical perspectives

Cognitive Science

Author: Bruno G. Bara
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780863773624
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The objectives of this book are essentially threefold. Firstly, the book describes the birth of cognitive science. Secondly, it outlines the method of enquiry which characterizes cognitive science and through which it is defined. The method employed is constructivistic, and is carried out by means of the techniques of artificial intelligence, relying on the assumption that mental activity is inprinciple reproducible by a computer program. Thirdly, the book describes the state of the art in the relevant domains, with particular attention to application fields like pedagogics, human/machine interaction and psychotherapy. The developmental approach is emphasized, and each chapter highlights the fact that developmental aspects are essential to comprehend the steady mode of functioning that is achieved once a person has reached total maturity. The technical sections of the book are introduced without presuming that the reader has a greater understanding of the subject than that of a high school student. This means that the book is suitable both for experts for its methodological `arts, and also for novices as a coherent critical introduction to the field.

Advances in Cognitive Science

Author: Narayanan Srinivasan
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 8132100158
Format: PDF, ePub
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Since the coinage of the term by scientist H Christopher Longuet-Higgins in 1973, Cognitive Science has become a fast growing field of study worldwide, comprising cross-linkages of disciplines like psychology, neuroscience, computer science, linguistics and philosophy. With contributions from eminent scientists from around the globe, Advances in Cognitive Science: Volume 1 covers various sub-disciplines of this study area like Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Neuroscience, Computational Modeling, Cognitive Development and Intervention, Culture and Cognition, and Consciousness. The often neglected issues of culture and cognition, and consciousness are also discussed in detail. The book presents recent findings and current challenges in the all these areas and also highlights the current trends in the major sub-disciplines. It will be invaluable for researchers, faculty, students and scientists working in the field of Cognitive Science.

Development as Action in Context

Author: Rainer K. Silbereisen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662024756
Format: PDF
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Most contributions to this volume originated as papers given at an inter national conference on Integrative Perspectives on Youth Development held in Berlin (West) in May, 1983. This conference was part of a 6-year longi tudinal research program on the causes of substance use among adolescents in Berlin, which is now in its fourth year. The conference title deliberately did not refer to substance use. However, its relevance to an explanation of drug-related problem behavior was made evident to everyone invited to the conference. The search for integrative perspectives in youth development originated in a dilemma that became obvious during the planning of intensive research on concomitants of substance use. In the methodology for research on youth development, there were two lines of thought that seemed completely unre lated to each other: One line of thought was oriented toward the person, leaving situational aspects aside, while the other concentrated on ecological or situational determinants and thus neglected the aspects of development and internal processes. The integration of both these directions seemed to be an unusually promising approach for any project that aimed to understand changes in the individual within a rapidly changing urban setting. The best way to come closer to a resolution of that dilemma seemed to be an intensive exchange between the American and European scientific communities on this issue.

Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Author: Monica Luciana Collins
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262140737
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Winner of the 2001 Professional/Scholarly Publishing Annual Awards Competition presented by the Association of American Publishers, Inc. in the category of Single Volume Reference: Science. The publication of this handbook testifies to the rapid growth of developmental cognitive neuroscience as a distinct field. Brain imaging and recording technologies, along with well-defined behavioral tasks—the essential methodological tools of cognitive neuroscience—are now being used to study development. Whereas earlier methodologies allowed scientists to study only adult brains, recent technological advances have yielded methods that can be safely used to study structure-function relations and their development in children's brains. These new techniques combined with more refined cognitive models account for the progress and heightened activity in developmental cognitive neuroscience research. The handbook contains forty-one original contributions exploring basic aspects of neural development, sensory and sensorimotor systems, language, cognition, and emotion. Aided by recent results in neurobiology establishing that the human brain remains malleable and plastic throughout much of the lifespan, the contributors also explore the implications of lifelong neural plasticity for brain and behavioral development. This book is also available online as part of MIT CogNet, The Cognitive and Brain Sciences Community online.

The Origin of Concepts

Author: Susan Carey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199887918
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Only human beings have a rich conceptual repertoire with concepts like tort, entropy, Abelian group, mannerism, icon and deconstruction. How have humans constructed these concepts? And once they have been constructed by adults, how do children acquire them? While primarily focusing on the second question, in The Origin of Concepts , Susan Carey shows that the answers to both overlap substantially. Carey begins by characterizing the innate starting point for conceptual development, namely systems of core cognition. Representations of core cognition are the output of dedicated input analyzers, as with perceptual representations, but these core representations differ from perceptual representations in having more abstract contents and richer functional roles. Carey argues that the key to understanding cognitive development lies in recognizing conceptual discontinuities in which new representational systems emerge that have more expressive power than core cognition and are also incommensurate with core cognition and other earlier representational systems. Finally, Carey fleshes out Quinian bootstrapping, a learning mechanism that has been repeatedly sketched in the literature on the history and philosophy of science. She demonstrates that Quinian bootstrapping is a major mechanism in the construction of new representational resources over the course of childrens cognitive development. Carey shows how developmental cognitive science resolves aspects of long-standing philosophical debates about the existence, nature, content, and format of innate knowledge. She also shows that understanding the processes of conceptual development in children illuminates the historical process by which concepts are constructed, and transforms the way we think about philosophical problems about the nature of concepts and the relations between language and thought.