CT Imaging of Myocardial Perfusion and Viability

Author: U. Joseph Schoepf
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642338798
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Recent research has identified the assessment of myocardial perfusion and viability as another promising CT application for the comprehensive diagnosis of coronary heart disease. In this book, the first to be devoted to this novel application of CT, leading experts from across the world present up-to-date information and consider future directions. After short sections outlining the state of the art in the traditional applications of CT to image structure and function, the full range of CT techniques that may be employed to evaluate the myocardial blood supply are discussed in detail. Similarly, diverse CT approaches for the assessment of myocardial viability are described, with careful consideration of the available experimental and clinical evidence and the role of quantitative imaging. Protocol recommendations that will be of invaluable practical assistance are also provided.

Advances in Civil Engineering and Building Materials IV

Author: Shuenn-Yih Chang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315690497
Format: PDF, Docs
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Covering a wide range of topics, Advances in Civil Engineering and Building Materials IV presents the latest developments in: - Structural Engineering - Road & Bridge Engineering - Geotechnical Engineering - Architecture & Urban Planning - Transportation Engineering - Hydraulic Engineering - Engineering Management - Computational Mechanics - Construction Technology - Building Materials - Environmental Engineering - Computer Simulation - CAD/CAE Emphasis was put on basic methodologies, scientific development and engineering applications. Advances in Civil Engineering and Building Materials IV will be useful to professionals, academics, and Ph.D. students interested in the above-mentioned fields.

Active Radar Cross Section Reduction

Author: Hema Singh
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107092612
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book discusses the active and passive radar cross section (RCS) estimation and techniques to examine the low observable aerospace platforms. It begins with the fundamentals of RCS, followed by the dielectric, magnetic and metamaterials parameters of the constituent materials and then explains various methods and the emerging trends followed in this area of study. The RCS estimation of phased array including the mutual coupling effect is also presented in detail in the book. The active RCS reduction is carefully touched upon through the performance of phased arrays, sidelobe cancellers and mitigation of multipath effect. Providing information on various adaptive algorithms like least mean square (LMS), recursive least square (RLS) and weighted least square algorithms, the authors also mention the recent developments in the area of embedded antennas, conformal load bearing antenna, metamaterials and frequency selective surface (FSS) based RCS reduction.

Advanced Catalytic Materials

Author: Ashutosh Tiwari
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118998952
Format: PDF, Docs
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The subject of advanced materials in catalysisbrings together recent advancements in materials synthesis and technologies to the design of novel and smart catalysts used in the field of catalysis. Nanomaterials in general show an important role in chemical processing as adsorbents, catalysts, catalyst supports and membranes, and form the basis of cutting-edge technology because of their unique structural and surface properties. Advanced Catalytic Materials is written by a distinguished group of contributors and the chapters provide comprehensive coverage of the current literature, up-to-date overviews of all aspects of advanced materials in catalysis, and present the skills needed for designing and synthesizing advanced materials. The book also showcases many topics concerning the fast-developing area of materials for catalysis and their emerging applications. The book is divided into three parts: Nanocatalysts – Architecture and Design; Organic and Inorganic Catalytic Transformations; and Functional Catalysis: Fundamentals and Applications. Specifically, the chapters discuss the following subjects: Environmental applications of multifunctional nanocomposite catalytic materials Transformation of nanostructured functional precursors using soft chemistry Graphenes in heterogeneous catalysis Gold nanoparticles-graphene composites material for catalytic application Hydrogen generation from chemical hydrides Ring-opening polymerization of poly(lactic acid) Catalytic performance of metal alkoxides Cycloaddition of CO2 and epoxides over reusable solid catalysts Biomass derived fine chemicals using catalytic metal bio-composites Homoleptic metal carbonyls in organic transformation Zeolites: smart materials for novel, efficient, and versatile catalysis Optimizing zeolitic catalysis for environmental remediation

Carbon Nanotubes

Author: A. K. Haghi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482259877
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book presents the diversity of recent advances in carbon nanotubes from a broad perspective that will be useful for scientists as well as for graduate students and engineers. Presenting leading-edge research in this dynamic field, this volume is an introduction to the physical concepts needed for investigating carbon nanotubes and other one-dimensional solid-state systems. Written for a wide scientific readership, each chapter consists of an instructive approach to the topic and sustainable ideas for solutions. Carbon nanotubes, with their extraordinary mechanical and unique electronic properties, have garnered much attention in recent years. With a broad range of potential applications, including nanoelectronics, composites, chemical sensors, biosensors, microscopy, nanoelectromechanical systems, and many more, the scientific community is more motivated than ever to move beyond basic properties and explore the real issues associated with carbon nanotube-based applications. Carbon nanotubes are exceptionally interesting from a fundamental research point of view. They open up new perspectives for various applications, such as nano-transistors in circuits, field-emission displays, artificial muscles, or added reinforcements in alloys. This book reviews the recent progress in modeling of carbon nanotubes and their composites. The advantages and disadvantages of different methods are discussed. The ability of continuum methods to bridge different scales is emphasized. Recommendations for future research are given by focusing on what each method has to learn from the nano-scale. The scope of the book is to provide current knowledge aiming to support researchers entering the scientific area of carbon nanotubes to choose the appropriate modeling tool for accomplishing their study and place their efforts to further improve continuum methods.

Applied Simulation and Optimization

Author: Miguel Mujica Mota
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319150332
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Presenting techniques, case-studies and methodologies that combine the use of simulation approaches with optimization techniques for facing problems in manufacturing, logistics, or aeronautical problems, this book provides solutions to common industrial problems in several fields, which range from manufacturing to aviation problems, where the common denominator is the combination of simulation’s flexibility with optimization techniques’ robustness. Providing readers with a comprehensive guide to tackle similar issues in industrial environments, this text explores novel ways to face industrial problems through hybrid approaches (simulation-optimization) that benefit from the advantages of both paradigms, in order to give solutions to important problems in service industry, production processes, or supply chains, such as scheduling, routing problems and resource allocations, among others.

CO2 Sequestration Biofuels and Depollution

Author: Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319119060
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Water is the driving force of all nature. This old quote from Leonardo da Vinci reminds us that without water life is simply not possible. As a consequence, water is probably the most important wealth for humanity. In spite of this, drinking water is still polluted by man-made toxicals gathered by waters in soils and the atmosphere. This book presents advanced methods to clean water and air. Chapters also focus on biofuels, greenhouse gases and genetically modified crops.

Compact Semiconductor Lasers

Author: Richard De La Rue
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527655360
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book brings together in a single volume a unique contribution by the top experts around the world in the field of compact semiconductor lasers to provide a comprehensive description and analysis of the current status as well as future directions in the field of micro- and nano-scale semiconductor lasers. It is organized according to the various forms of micro- or nano-laser cavity configurations with each chapter discussing key technical issues, including semiconductor carrier recombination processes and optical gain dynamics, photonic confinement behavior and output coupling mechanisms, carrier transport considerations relevant to the injection process, and emission mode control. Required reading for those working in and researching the area of semiconductors lasers and micro-electronics.

Dam Protections against Overtopping and Accidental Leakage

Author: Miguel Ángel Toledo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315685353
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In the last decades, the technology of dam protection has undergone major advancements. The increasing demand for safety in modern society has created the need for cost-effective measures to protect critical infrastructure such as dams. This situation has resulted in the drafting of new regulations and technical manuals in countries like Norway, Sweden, and the USA, among others. Dam Protections against Overtopping and Accidental Leakage includes the latest advances in dam protection, and a portfolio of applications in representative case studies. The main topics include: - Failure of embankment and concrete dams due to overtopping or accidental leakage - Hard protections for embankment dams (RCC, wedge-shaped blocks, reinforced concrete slabs) - Soft protections for embankment dams (rockfill toes, articulated concrete blocks, vegetation cover) - Concrete dam protections and additional issues directly related to dam protections The book includes contributions from the 1st International Seminar on Dam Protections against Overtopping and Accidental Leakage (Madrid, Spain, 24-26 November 2014), and also a summary of the technical manual "Overtopping Protection for Dams", published by the US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in March 2014. Dam Protections against Overtopping and Accidental Leakage provides a comprehensive summary of dam protections, covering case studies and applied research worldwide, and will be invaluable to professionals and academics in Dam Engineering.

Electrically Assisted Forming

Author: Wesley Salandro
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319088793
Format: PDF
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Maximizing reader insights into the latest research findings and applications of Electrically-Assisted Forming (EAF) – whereby metals are formed under an electric current field – this book explains how such a process produces immediate improved formability of metals beyond the extent of thermal softening, and allows metals to be formed to greater elongation with lower mechanical energy as well as allowing for lightweight brittle metals such as magnesium and titanium to be formed without external heating or annealing, enabling the more effective use of these lightweight metals in design. Including case studies that illustrate and support the theoretical content and real-world applications of the techniques discussed, this book also serves to enrich readers understanding of the underlying theories that influence electro-plastic behaviour. The authors have extensive experience in studying Electrically-Assisted Forming and have written extensively with publications including experimental works, technical briefs, conference proceedings, journal articles, and analytical models.