Disability and Social Theory

Author: Dan Goodley
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230243258
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This comprehensive, interdisciplinary collection examines disability from a theoretical perspective. Each chapter challenges dominant biological, individualistic and psychological views of disability, drawing on one or two theories (and theorists) to advance a sustained analysis of disability, impairment and society. Throughout, social theories of disability intersect with other transformative ideas around sex/gender, race/ethnicity, class, sexuality and nation, engaging with ideas from poststructuralism, phenomenology, psychoanalysis, postcolonialism, Marxism, feminisms and queer theory to recast disabled bodies-and-minds as psychosocial, cultural and political phenomena. The book includes contributions from established writers as well as new, emerging and exciting scholars in the field of critical disability studies, with authors writing from a host of disciplines including legal studies, psychology, sociology, development studies, dance, education, philosophy and women's studies. Through its detailed analysis of the conditions of disablism, the text also argues for the celebration of more affirmative views of impairment, disability and disabled identities.

Disability and Social Theory

Author: D. Goodley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137023007
Format: PDF, ePub
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This comprehensive, interdisciplinary collection, examines disability from a theoretical perspective, challenging views of disability that dominate mainstream thinking. Throughout, social theories of disability intersect with ideas associated with sex/gender, race/ethnicity, class and nation.

Critical Turns in Critical Theory

Author: Seamus O'Tuama
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857711768
Format: PDF, Kindle
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NJR - BLURB IN ITS RAW FORM_x000D_ The contemporary world is one of contingency and risk. We face a range of social and political problems barely imaginable to previous generations. How we address these will determine the prospects of our planet and all life on it, including the human species itself. Never before have the issues been more complex nor the stakes so high. _x000D_ _x000D_ 'Critical Turns in Critical Theory: New Directions in Social and Political Thought' is pitched at this rapidly changing and complex reality. It brings together a diverse range of scholars unified under the project of addressing selected topics in the context of contemporary critical social theory. Each contribution addresses a theme that has been prominent in civil society at a regional or global level in recent years. Each explores new theories, critiques, analyses and practices to address these debates._x000D_ _x000D_ The book loosely revolves around the seminal work of the critical social theorist Piet Strydom, whose work is becoming increasingly influential. His special contribution has been his capacity to mobilise strong theoretical frames in his critical insights into some of the most demanding and intractable of contemporary issues. His influence is reflected in all the contributions to this volume._x000D_ _x000D_ Responsibility, risk, ethics and communication are prominent themes, bringing together both a richness of theory and pressing contemporary dilemmas. Embedded in the discussions are questions relating to identity and cosmopolitanism which animate much contemporary debate around the world. A range of substantive issues is faced like the environment, science and technology, gender, development and law. The topics reflect the scope of critical social theory, with its tradition for tackling the pressing concerns of the day, a contribution often prized more highly in retrospect. This book attempts to not just face the relevant issues, but to present compelling alternative understandings against the seeming hegemony of liberal ideology._x000D_

New Directions in Economic Methodology

Author: Roger E. Backhouse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134864396
Format: PDF, ePub
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In recent years there has been a flowering of work on economic methodology. However there is no longer any consensus about which direction this should take or, indeed, even what the role and content of economic methodology should be. This book reflects this diversity. Its contributors are responsible for the major developments in this field and together they give an account of all the major positions which currently prevail in economic methodology. These include attempts to rehabilitate the 'falsification' of Kuhn, Lakatos and Popper, sociology of knowledge approaches, different forms of realism, contributions from the 'rhetoric' project and other perspectives which view the economy as a text.

Critical Perspectives on Student Development Theory

Author: Abes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119283256
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The use of critical and post-structural theories, such as critical race theory, intersectionality, and queer theory, to explore student development is relatively new. Most current research looks beyond the individual to how systems of oppression, such as racism, ableism, and heterosexism mediate student development and the nature of student development theory. This volume offers some of the most contemporary thinking about student development by: reviewing recent critical post-structural scholarship; offering new possibilities for using theoretical lenses; and translating these theories into student affairs practice. This is the 154th volume of this Jossey-Bass higher education quarterly series. An indispensable resource for vice presidents of student affairs, deans of students, student counselors, and other student services professionals, New Directions for Student Services offers guidelines and programs for aiding students in their total development: emotional, social, physical, and intellectual.

The End of Progress

Author: Amy Allen
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231540639
Format: PDF, ePub
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While post- and decolonial theorists have thoroughly debunked the idea of historical progress as a Eurocentric, imperialist, and neocolonialist fallacy, many of the most prominent contemporary thinkers associated with the Frankfurt School—Jürgen Habermas, Axel Honneth, and Rainer Forst—have defended ideas of progress, development, and modernity and have even made such ideas central to their normative claims. Can the Frankfurt School's goal of radical social change survive this critique? And what would a decolonized critical theory look like? Amy Allen fractures critical theory from within by dispensing with its progressive reading of history while retaining its notion of progress as a political imperative, so eloquently defended by Adorno. Critical theory, according to Allen, is the best resource we have for achieving emancipatory social goals. In reimagining a decolonized critical theory after the end of progress, she rescues it from oblivion and gives it a future.

Disability and International Development

Author: David Cobley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351803999
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Despite growing evidence of a close and complex relationship between disability and poverty, development policy, planning and programming has often failed to take full account of the concerns of disabled people. However, following the 2006 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the post-2015 sustainable development agenda, which promises to ‘leave no one behind’, there have been increasing calls from governments and development agencies for disability to be mainstreamed into all development planning. Disability and International Development provides a comprehensive overview of key themes in the field of disability and development, including issues around identity, poverty, disability rights, education, health, livelihoods, disaster recovery and approaches to researching disability. The book engages with relevant theory and draws on existing literature in the field, as well as the author’s own research and teaching experience, to explore key issues using a range of examples taken from around the world. Written in an accessible and engaging style to suit both students and practitioners, the book also includes a wide range of reflection exercises, discussion questions and further reading suggestions, making it the perfect introduction to disability and international development.

Changing Social Attitudes Toward Disability

Author: David Bolt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317908929
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Whilst legislation may have progressed internationally and nationally for disabled people, barriers continue to exist, of which one of the most pervasive and ingrained is attitudinal. Social attitudes are often rooted in a lack of knowledge and are perpetuated through erroneous stereotypes, and ultimately these legal and policy changes are ineffectual without a corresponding attitudinal change. This unique book provides a much needed, multifaceted exploration of changing social attitudes toward disability. Adopting a tripartite approach to examining disability, the book looks at historical, cultural, and education studies, broadly conceived, in order to provide a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approach to the documentation and endorsement of changing social attitudes toward disability. Written by a selection of established and emerging scholars in the field, the book aims to break down some of the unhelpful boundaries between disciplines so that disability is recognised as an issue for all of us across all aspects of society, and to encourage readers to recognise disability in all its forms and within all its contexts. This truly multidimensional approach to changing social attitudes will be important reading for students and researchers of disability from education, cultural and disability studies, and all those interested in the questions and issues surrounding attitudes toward disability.

Crossroads Directions and A New Critical Race Theory

Author: Francisco Valdes
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 143990779X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Its opponents call it part of "the lunatic fringe," a justification for "black separateness," "the most embarrassing trend in American publishing." "It" is Critical Race Theory. But what is Critical Race Theory? How did it develop? Where does it stand now? Where should it go in the future? In this volume, thirty-one CRT scholars present their views on the ideas and methods of CRT, its role in academia and in the culture at large, and its past, present, and future. Critical race theorists assert that both the procedures and the substance of American law are structured to maintain white privilege. The neutrality and objectivity of the law are not just unattainable ideals; they are harmful actions that obscure the law's role in protecting white supremacy. This notion—so obvious to some, so unthinkable to others—has stimulated and divided legal thinking in this country and, increasingly, abroad. The essays in Crossroads, Directions, and a New Critical Race Theory—all original—address this notion in a variety of helpful and exciting ways. They use analysis, personal experience, historical narrative, and many other techniques to explain the importance of looking critically at how race permeates our national consciousness.

Designing Disability

Author: Elizabeth Guffey
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 135000426X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Designing Disability traces the emergence of an idea and an ideal – physical access for the disabled – through the evolution of the iconic International Symbol of Access (ISA). The book draws on design history, material culture and recent critical disability studies to examine not only the development of a design icon, but also the cultural history surrounding it. Infirmity and illness may be seen as part of human experience, but 'disability' is a social construct, a way of thinking about and responding to a natural human condition. Elizabeth Guffey's highly original and wide-ranging study considers the period both before and after the introduction of the ISA, tracing the design history of the wheelchair, a product which revolutionised the mobility needs of many disabled people from the 1930s onwards. She also examines the rise of 'barrier-free architecture' in the reception of the ISA, and explores how the symbol became widely adopted and even a mark of identity for some, especially within the Disability Rights Movement. Yet despite the social progress which is inextricably linked to the ISA, a growing debate has unfurled around the symbol and its meanings. The most vigorous critiques today have involved guerrilla art, graffiti and studio practice, reflecting new challenges to the relationship between design and disability in the twenty-first century.