Disappearing Peoples

Author: Barbara Brower
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315430398
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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South and Central Asia is a region of extraordinary cultural and environmental diversity and home to nearly one-quarter of the earth's population. Among these diverse peoples are some whose ways of life are threatened by the accelerating assault of forces of change including environmental degradation, population growth, land loss, warfare, disease, and the penetration of global markets. This volume examines twelve Asian groups whose way of life is endangered. Some are "indigenous" peoples, some are not; each group represents a unique answer to the question of how to survive and thrive on the planet earth, and illustrates both the threats and the responses of peoples caught up in the struggle to sustain cultural meaning, identity, and autonomy. Each chapter, written by an expert scholar for a general audience, offers a cultural overview, explores both threats to survival and the group's responses, and provokes discussion and further research with "food for thought." This powerful documentation of both tragedy and hope for the twenty-first-century survival of centuries-old cultures is a key reference for anyone interested in the region, in cultural survival, or in the interplay of diversification and homogenization.

Mapping Transition in the Pamirs

Author: Hermann Kreutzmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319231987
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By emphasizing on the Pamir region a comprehensive overview of path-dependent and recent developments in a remote mountain region is provided in this book. Overall neglect in the mountainous periphery is contrasted by shifting the centre of attention to the Pamirs situated at the interface between South and Central Asia. From colonial times to now there has been a debate on grasping and locating the area. Here field-work based contributions are collected to provide a variety of perspectives on the Pamirs highlighting transformation and transition in Post-Soviet societies as well as in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The similar ecological environment across borders features the common ground while analyzing development processes in a set of case studies that aim at highlighting certain aspects of regional development.

Pastoral practices in High Asia

Author: Hermann Kreutzmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400738463
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In conventional views, pastoralism was classified as a stage of civilization that needed to be abolished and transcended in order to reach a higher level of development. In this context, global approaches to modernize a rural society have been ubiquitous phenomena independent of ideological contexts. The 20th century experienced a variety of concepts to settle mobile groups and to transfer their lifestyles to modern perceptions. Permanent settlements are the vivid expression of an ideology-driven approach. Modernization theory captured all walks of life and tried to optimize breeding techniques, pasture utilization, transport and processing concepts. New insights into other aspects of pastoralism such as its role as an adaptive strategy to use marginal resources in remote locations with difficult access could only be understood as a critique of capitalist and communist concepts of modernization. In recent years a renaissance of modernization theory-led development activities can be observed. Higher inputs from external funding, fencing of pastures and settlement of pastoralists in new townships are the vivid expression of 'modern' pastoralism in urban contexts. The new modernization programme incorporates resettlement and transformation of lifestyles as to be justified by environmental pressure in order to reduce degradation in the age of climate change.

Indigenous Peoples Poverty and Development

Author: Gillette H. Hall
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107020573
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This is the first book that documents poverty systematically for the world's indigenous peoples in developing regions in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The volume compiles results for roughly 85 percent of the world's indigenous peoples. It draws on nationally representative data to compare trends in countries' poverty rates and other social indicators with those for indigenous sub-populations and provides comparable data for a wide range of countries all over the world. It estimates global poverty numbers and analyzes other important development indicators, such as schooling, health, and social protection. Provocatively, the results show a marked difference in results across regions, with rapid poverty reduction among indigenous (and non-indigenous) populations in Asia contrasting with relative stagnation - and in some cases falling back - in Latin America and Africa. Two main factors motivate the book. First, there is a growing concern among poverty analysts worldwide that countries with significant vulnerable populations - such as indigenous peoples - may not meet the Millennium Development Goals, and thus there exists a consequent need for better data tracking conditions among these groups. Second, there is a growing call by indigenous organizations, including the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Peoples, for solid, disaggregated data analyzing the size and causes of the "development gap."

Ethnic Groups of North East and Central Asia An Encyclopedia

Author: James B. Minahan
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610690184
Format: PDF, ePub
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Covering countries ranging from Afghanistan and China to Kazakhstan and Russia, this encyclopedia supplies detailed information and informed perspectives, enabling readers to comprehend Asian ethnic groups as well as Asian politics and history. • Provides readers with an understanding of Asia's many ethnic minorities, enabling a fuller comprehension of contemporary politics and economics in Asia and beyond • Presents information written in a clear, engaging, and accessible tone that is ideal for high school and undergraduate students as well as other readers with limited background knowledge about Asian ethnicities

The Concept of Indigenous Peoples in Asia

Author: Christian Erni
Publisher: IWGIA
ISBN: 8791563348
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The concept of indigenous peoples has not only been hotly debated within academic circles over the past two decades, it has been met with skepticism if not outright rejection among representatives of governments, especially in Asia and Africa. This book does not dwell or expand on the controversy on the applicability of the concept to Asia. Its point of departure is the fact that more and more groups in Asia identify themselves as indigenous peoples, and its ultimate purpose is to provide assistance in addressing the practical question of how the concept of indigenous peoples can be applied in the particular context of Asian nations. This volume includes key articles that directly or indirectly address the issue from historical, anthropological, legal and indigenous activists' perspectives, and at international, regional, national and local levels.

Type 2 Diabetes

Author: Barry J. Goldstein
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849379581
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus have increased dramatically in modernized and developing nations over the past few decades. Thoroughly revised and expanded, this Second Edition responds to the epidemic and supplies a current overview and guide to the management of diabetes in the modern healthcare environment. This Second Edition offers a current perspective on diabetes demographics, epidemiology, pathophysiology, disease monitoring, and approaches to glucose control, and supplies new chapters by world-renowned experts on non-pharmacological management options, complications of the skin and urogenital function, related macrovascular conditions, coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease, and rare forms of diabetes, PCOS, and NASH.

Consequential Damages of Nuclear War

Author: Barbara Rose Johnston
Publisher: Left Coast Press
ISBN: 1598743465
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The hydrogen test-bomb Bravo, dropped on the Marshall Islands in 1954, was one of scores of cold-war nuclear tests that blanketed the nation with fallout. Johnston and Barker reveal the horrific history of human rights violations endured by the Marshallese, as well as their long struggle for reparations.