Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy Fourth Edition

Author: René Descartes
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603845518
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This edition contains Donald Cress's completely revised translation of the Meditations (from the corrected Latin edition) and recent corrections to Discourse on Method, bringing this version even closer to Descartes's original, while maintaining the clear and accessible style of a classic teaching edition.

Meditations on First Philosophy

Author: René Descartes
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191604941
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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'It is some years now since I realized how many false opinions I had accepted as true from childhood onwards...I saw that at some stage in my life the whole structure would have to be utterly demolished' In Descartes's Meditations, one of the key texts of Western philosophy, the thinker rejects all his former beliefs in the quest for new certainties. Discovering his own existence as a thinking entity in the very exercise of doubt, he goes on to prove the existence of God, who guarantees his clear and distinct ideas as a means of access to the truth. He develops new conceptions of body and mind, capable of serving as foundations for the new science of nature. Subsequent philosophy has grappled with Descartes's legacy, questioning many of its conclusions and even his basic approach, but his arguments set the agenda for many of the greatest philosophical thinkers, and their fascination endures. This new translation includes the Third and Fourth Objections and Replies in full, and a selection from the rest of these exchanges with Descartes's contemporaries that helped to expound his philosophy. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Discourse on Method and Related Writings

Author: Rene Descartes
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101160500
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"It is not enough to have a good mind; it is more important to use it well" René Descartes was a central figure in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century. In his Discourse on Method he outlined the contrast between mathematics and experimental sciences, and the extent to which each one can achieve certainty. Drawing on his own work in geometry, optics, astronomy and physiology, Descartes developed the hypothetical method that characterizes modern science, and this soon came to replace the traditional techniques derived from Aristotle. Many of Descartes’ most radical ideas—such as the disparity between our perceptions and the realities that cause them—have been highly influential in the development of modern philosophy. This edition sets the Discourse on Method in the wider context of Descartes’ work, with the Rules for Guiding One’s Intelligence in Searching for the Truth (1628), extracts from The World (1633) and selected letters from 1636-9. A companion volume, Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings, is also published in Penguin Classics.

Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings

Author: Rene Descartes
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141936061
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Of all the works of the man claimed by many as the father of modern philosophy, the MEDITATIONS, first published in 1641, must surely be Rene Descartes' masterpiece. This volume consists of not only a new translation of the original Latin text and the expanded objections and replies, but also includes selected correspondence and other metaphysical writings from the period 1641-49.

Descartes Selected Philosophical Writings

Author: René Descartes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110726832X
Format: PDF
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Based on the new and much acclaimed two-volume Cambridge edition of The Philosophical Writings of Descartes by Cottingham, Stoothoff and Murdoch, this anthology of essential texts contains the most important and widely studied of those writings, including the Discourse and Meditations and substantial extracts from the Regulae, Optics, Principles, Objectives and Replies, Comments on a Broadsheet, and Passions of the Soul. In clear, readable, modern English, with a full text and running references to the standard Franco-Latin edition of Descartes, this book is planned as the definitive one-volume reader for all English-speaking students of Descartes.

Meditations Objections and Replies

Author: René Descartes
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9781603843508
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Among the strengths of this edition are reliable, accessible translations, useful editorial materials, and a straightforward presentation of the Objections and Replies, including the Objections from Caterus, Arnauld, and Hobbes, and Descartes' Replies, in their entirety. 'The Letter Serving as a Reply to Gassendi' -- in which several of Descartes' associates present Gassendi's best arguments and Descartes' replies -- conveys the highlights and important issues of their notoriously extended exchange. Roger Ariew's illuminating general Introduction discusses the Meditations and the intellectual environment surrounding its reception. Also included are a bibliography and chronology.

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding 2nd Edition

Author: David Hume
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781539801924
Format: PDF, Docs
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The second edition of Hume's excellent account regarding human nature and mental functioning is published here complete and inclusive of the author's original notes. Often referred to by scholars as simply 'The Enquiry', this work is notable for setting forth a number of the concepts which would come to define David Hume's contribution to empirical philosophy. Although it sold poorly at the time of first publication in 1748, the text enjoyed greater recognition following Hume's death as his ideas became increasingly appreciated in academic circles. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding has an intuitive layout: it commences with an introduction to the philosophic matters at hand, then Hume delves incrementally into his beliefs on the nature of the human being. The ways in which people mentally formulate ideas occupies a large tract of the work, while the process of learning, assimilating and memorising information is also discussed. Later chapters focus on abstract topics, including the relation of probability to human activity, the inter-relatedness of individual ideas, and the merits of societal liberty in allowing man to exert his free will. Comparisons of human perception and behaviour with members of the animal kingdom, together with an examination of human testimony in the context of miraculous circumstances. Today, this work by Hume is considered a classic of Enlightenment era philosophy, and remains a required text in many university courses.

The Principles of Philosophy

Author: Rene Descartes
Publisher: BookRix
ISBN: 3736807597
Format: PDF, Docs
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Principles of Philosophy is a book by Rene Descartes. It is basically a synthesis of the Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy. It set forth the principles of nature—the Laws of Physics--as Descartes viewed them. Most notably, it set forth the principle that in the absence of external forces, an object's motion will be uniform and in a straight line. Newton borrowed this principle from Descartes and included it in his own Principia; to this day, it is still generally referred to as Newton's First Law of Motion. The book was primarily intended to replace the Aristotelian curriculum then used in French and British Universities. Descartes's use of the word "philosophy" in the title refers to "natural philosophy", which is what science was called at that time.

Basic Political Writings

Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781532827006
Format: PDF, Docs
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau was an 18th century Genevan philosopher and writer. His Basic Political Writings which contain his political philosophy, influenced the Enlightenment in France and across Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the overall development of modern political and educational thought. This edition of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Basic Political Writings contains Rousseau's most important political writings such as A Discourse on Inequality in which Rousseau discusses two types of inequality: natural, or physical inequality, and ethical, or moral inequality. This edition also contains Jean-Jacques Rousseau's The Social Contract and A Discource on Political Economy. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Basic Political Writings is often required textbook reading in the following disciplines: politics & social sciences, philosophy, humanities, and history.

Meditations

Author: Marcus Aurelius
Publisher: Everyman's Library
ISBN: 0307569764
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (a.d. 121—180) embodied in his person that deeply cherished, ideal figure of antiquity, the philosopher-king. His Meditations are not only one of the most important expressions of the Stoic philosophy of his time but also an enduringly inspiring guide to living a good and just life. Written in moments snatched from military campaigns and the rigors of politics, these ethical and spiritual reflections reveal a mind of exceptional clarity and originality, and a spirit attuned to both the particulars of human destiny and the vast patterns that underlie it. From the Hardcover edition.