Discriminants Resultants and Multidimensional Determinants

Author: Israel M. Gelfand
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817647716
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"This book revives and vastly expands the classical theory of resultants and discriminants. Most of the main new results of the book have been published earlier in more than a dozen joint papers of the authors. The book nicely complements these original papers with many examples illustrating both old and new results of the theory."—Mathematical Reviews

Algorithmic Arithmetic Geometry and Coding Theory

Author: Stéphane Ballet
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470414619
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume contains the proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Arithmetic, Geometry, Cryptography, and Coding Theory (AGCT), held June 3-7, 2013, at CIRM, Marseille, France. These international conferences, held every two years, have been a major event in the area of algorithmic and applied arithmetic geometry for more than 20 years. This volume contains 13 original research articles covering geometric error correcting codes, and algorithmic and explicit arithmetic geometry of curves and higher dimensional varieties. Tools used in these articles include classical algebraic geometry of curves, varieties and Jacobians, Suslin homology, Monsky-Washnitzer cohomology, and -functions of modular forms.

Topics on Real and Complex Singularities

Author: Satoshi Koike
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814596051
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A phenomenon which appears in nature, or human behavior, can sometimes be explained by saying that a certain potential function is maximized, or minimized. For example, the Hamiltonian mechanics, soapy films, size of an atom, business management, etc. In mathematics, a point where a given function attains an extreme value is called a critical point, or a singular point. The purpose of singularity theory is to explore the properties of singular points of functions and mappings. This is a volume on the proceedings of the fourth Japanese–Australian Workshop on Real and Complex Singularities held in Kobe, Japan. It consists of 11 original articles on singularities. Readers will be introduced to some important new notions for characterizations of singularities and several interesting results are delivered. In addition, current approaches to classical topics and state-of-the-art effective computational methods of invariants of singularities are also presented. This volume will be useful not only to the singularity theory specialists but also to general mathematicians. Contents:On the CR Hamiltonian Flows and CR Yamabe Problem (T Akahori)An Example of the Reduction of a Single Ordinary Differential Equation to a System, and the Restricted Fuchsian Relation (K Ando)Fronts of Weighted Cones (T Fukui and M Hasegawa)Involutive Deformations of the Regular Part of a Normal Surface (A Harris and K Miyajima)Connected Components of Regular Fibers of Differentiable Maps (J T Hiratuka and O Saeki)The Reconstruction and Recognition Problems for Homogeneous Hypersurface Singularities (A V Isaev)Openings of Differentiable Map-Germs and Unfoldings (G Ishikawa)Non Concentration of Curvature near Singular Points of Two Variable Analytic Functions (S Koike, T-C Kuo and L Paunescu)Saito Free Divisors in Four Dimensional Affine Space and Reflection Groups of Rank Four (J Sekiguchi)Holonomic Systems of Differential Equations of Rank Two with Singularities along Saito Free Divisors of Simple Type (J Sekiguchi)Parametric Local Cohomology Classes and Tjurina Stratifications for μ-Constant Deformations of Quasi-Homogeneous Singularities (S Tajima) Readership: Mathematicians in singularity theory or in adjacent areas; advanced undergraduates and graduate students in mathematics; non-experts interested in singularity theory and its applications. Key Features:Contains applications of the singularity theory to other mathematical fieldsNew topics in singularity theory, e.g. the relationship between free divisors and holonomic systems, openings of differentiable map-germs, non-concentration of curvatureIncludes articles by prize-winning researchers like Kimio Miyajima and Osamu SaekiKeywords:Singularities;CR Structure;Deformation Theory;Free Divisor;Concentration of Curvature;Holonomic System;Front;Opening

Developments and Retrospectives in Lie Theory

Author: Geoffrey Mason
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319098047
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Lie Theory Workshop, founded by Joe Wolf (UC, Berkeley), has been running for over two decades. These workshops have been sponsored by the NSF, noting the talks have been seminal in describing new perspectives in the field covering broad areas of current research. At the beginning, the top universities in California and Utah hosted the meetings which continue to run on a quarterly basis. Experts in representation theory/Lie theory from various parts of the US, Europe, Asia (China, Japan, Singapore, Russia), Canada, and South and Central America were routinely invited to give talks at these meetings. Nowadays, the workshops are also hosted at universities in Louisiana, Virginia, and Oklahoma. The contributors to this volume have all participated in these Lie theory workshops and include in this volume expository articles which cover representation theory from the algebraic, geometric, analytic, and topological perspectives with also important connections to math physics. These survey articles, review and update the prominent seminal series of workshops in representation/Lie theory mentioned-above, and reflects the widespread influence of those workshops in such areas as harmonic analysis, representation theory, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, number theory, and mathematical physics. Many of the contributors have had prominent roles in both the classical and modern developments of Lie theory and its applications.

Complex Analysis and Dynamical Systems VI

Author: Lawrence Zalcman
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470417030
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume contains the proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Complex Analysis and Dynamical Systems, held from May 19–24, 2013, in Nahariya, Israel, in honor of David Shoikhet's sixtieth birthday. The papers range over a wide variety of topics in complex analysis, quasiconformal mappings, and complex dynamics. Taken together, the articles provide the reader with a panorama of activity in these areas, drawn by a number of leading figures in the field. They testify to the continued vitality of the interplay between classical and modern analysis. The companion volume (Contemporary Mathematics, Volume 653) is devoted to partial differential equations, differential geometry, and radon transforms.

Loop Spaces Characteristic Classes and Geometric Quantization

Author: Jean-Luc Brylinski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817647308
Format: PDF
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This book deals with the differential geometry of manifolds, loop spaces, line bundles and groupoids, and the relations of this geometry to mathematical physics. Various developments in mathematical physics (e.g., in knot theory, gauge theory, and topological quantum field theory) have led mathematicians and physicists to search for new geometric structures on manifolds and to seek a synthesis of ideas from geometry, topology and category theory. In this spirit, this book develops the differential geometry associated to the topology and obstruction theory of certain fiber bundles (more precisely, associated to grebes). The theory is a 3-dimensional analog of the familiar Kostant--Weil theory of line bundles. In particular the curvature now becomes a 3-form. Applications presented in the book involve anomaly line bundles on loop spaces and anomaly functionals, central extensions of loop groups, Kähler geometry of the space of knots, Cheeger--Chern--Simons secondary characteristics classes, and group cohomology. Finally, the last chapter deals with the Dirac monopole and Dirac’s quantization of the electrical charge. The book will be of interest to topologists, geometers, Lie theorists and mathematical physicists, as well as to operator algebraists. It is written for graduate students and researchers, and will be an excellent textbook. It has a self-contained introduction to the theory of sheaves and their cohomology, line bundles and geometric prequantization à la Kostant--Souriau.