Discriminants Resultants and Multidimensional Determinants

Author: Israel M. Gelfand
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817647716
Format: PDF, Docs
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"This book revives and vastly expands the classical theory of resultants and discriminants. Most of the main new results of the book have been published earlier in more than a dozen joint papers of the authors. The book nicely complements these original papers with many examples illustrating both old and new results of the theory."—Mathematical Reviews

A Guide to Quantum Groups

Author: Vyjayanthi Chari
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521558846
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Since they first arose in the 1970s and early 1980s, quantum groups have proved to be of great interest to mathematicians and theoretical physicists. This book gives a comprehensive view of quantum groups and their applications. The authors build on a self-contained account of the foundations of the subject and go on to treat the more advanced aspects concisely and with detailed references to the literature. Researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics will enjoy this book.

Algorithmic Arithmetic Geometry and Coding Theory

Author: Stéphane Ballet
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470414619
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume contains the proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Arithmetic, Geometry, Cryptography, and Coding Theory (AGCT), held June 3-7, 2013, at CIRM, Marseille, France. These international conferences, held every two years, have been a major event in the area of algorithmic and applied arithmetic geometry for more than 20 years. This volume contains 13 original research articles covering geometric error correcting codes, and algorithmic and explicit arithmetic geometry of curves and higher dimensional varieties. Tools used in these articles include classical algebraic geometry of curves, varieties and Jacobians, Suslin homology, Monsky-Washnitzer cohomology, and -functions of modular forms.

Topics on Real and Complex Singularities

Author: Satoshi Koike
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814596051
Format: PDF, Docs
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A phenomenon which appears in nature, or human behavior, can sometimes be explained by saying that a certain potential function is maximized, or minimized. For example, the Hamiltonian mechanics, soapy films, size of an atom, business management, etc. In mathematics, a point where a given function attains an extreme value is called a critical point, or a singular point. The purpose of singularity theory is to explore the properties of singular points of functions and mappings. This is a volume on the proceedings of the fourth Japanese–Australian Workshop on Real and Complex Singularities held in Kobe, Japan. It consists of 11 original articles on singularities. Readers will be introduced to some important new notions for characterizations of singularities and several interesting results are delivered. In addition, current approaches to classical topics and state-of-the-art effective computational methods of invariants of singularities are also presented. This volume will be useful not only to the singularity theory specialists but also to general mathematicians. Contents:On the CR Hamiltonian Flows and CR Yamabe Problem (T Akahori)An Example of the Reduction of a Single Ordinary Differential Equation to a System, and the Restricted Fuchsian Relation (K Ando)Fronts of Weighted Cones (T Fukui and M Hasegawa)Involutive Deformations of the Regular Part of a Normal Surface (A Harris and K Miyajima)Connected Components of Regular Fibers of Differentiable Maps (J T Hiratuka and O Saeki)The Reconstruction and Recognition Problems for Homogeneous Hypersurface Singularities (A V Isaev)Openings of Differentiable Map-Germs and Unfoldings (G Ishikawa)Non Concentration of Curvature near Singular Points of Two Variable Analytic Functions (S Koike, T-C Kuo and L Paunescu)Saito Free Divisors in Four Dimensional Affine Space and Reflection Groups of Rank Four (J Sekiguchi)Holonomic Systems of Differential Equations of Rank Two with Singularities along Saito Free Divisors of Simple Type (J Sekiguchi)Parametric Local Cohomology Classes and Tjurina Stratifications for μ-Constant Deformations of Quasi-Homogeneous Singularities (S Tajima) Readership: Mathematicians in singularity theory or in adjacent areas; advanced undergraduates and graduate students in mathematics; non-experts interested in singularity theory and its applications. Key Features:Contains applications of the singularity theory to other mathematical fieldsNew topics in singularity theory, e.g. the relationship between free divisors and holonomic systems, openings of differentiable map-germs, non-concentration of curvatureIncludes articles by prize-winning researchers like Kimio Miyajima and Osamu SaekiKeywords:Singularities;CR Structure;Deformation Theory;Free Divisor;Concentration of Curvature;Holonomic System;Front;Opening

Developments and Retrospectives in Lie Theory

Author: Geoffrey Mason
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319098047
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Lie Theory Workshop, founded by Joe Wolf (UC, Berkeley), has been running for over two decades. These workshops have been sponsored by the NSF, noting the talks have been seminal in describing new perspectives in the field covering broad areas of current research. At the beginning, the top universities in California and Utah hosted the meetings which continue to run on a quarterly basis. Experts in representation theory/Lie theory from various parts of the US, Europe, Asia (China, Japan, Singapore, Russia), Canada, and South and Central America were routinely invited to give talks at these meetings. Nowadays, the workshops are also hosted at universities in Louisiana, Virginia, and Oklahoma. The contributors to this volume have all participated in these Lie theory workshops and include in this volume expository articles which cover representation theory from the algebraic, geometric, analytic, and topological perspectives with also important connections to math physics. These survey articles, review and update the prominent seminal series of workshops in representation/Lie theory mentioned-above, and reflects the widespread influence of those workshops in such areas as harmonic analysis, representation theory, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, number theory, and mathematical physics. Many of the contributors have had prominent roles in both the classical and modern developments of Lie theory and its applications.

Etale Cohomology and the Weil Conjecture

Author: Eberhard Freitag
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662025418
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Some years ago a conference on l-adic cohomology in Oberwolfach was held with the aim of reaching an understanding of Deligne's proof of the Weil conjec tures. For the convenience of the speakers the present authors - who were also the organisers of that meeting - prepared short notes containing the central definitions and ideas of the proofs. The unexpected interest for these notes and the various suggestions to publish them encouraged us to work somewhat more on them and fill out the gaps. Our aim was to develop the theory in as self contained and as short a manner as possible. We intended especially to provide a complete introduction to etale and l-adic cohomology theory including the monodromy theory of Lefschetz pencils. Of course, all the central ideas are due to the people who created the theory, especially Grothendieck and Deligne. The main references are the SGA-notes [64-69]. With the kind permission of Professor J. A. Dieudonne we have included in the book that finally resulted his excellent notes on the history of the Weil conjectures, as a second introduction. Our original notes were written in German. However, we finally followed the recommendation made variously to publish the book in English. We had the good fortune that Professor W. Waterhouse and his wife Betty agreed to translate our manuscript. We want to thank them very warmly for their willing involvement in such a tedious task. We are very grateful to the staff of Springer-Verlag for their careful work.

Real Solutions to Equations from Geometry

Author: Frank Sottile
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821853317
Format: PDF, Docs
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Understanding, finding, or even deciding on the existence of real solutions to a system of equations is a difficult problem with many applications outside of mathematics. While it is hopeless to expect much in general, we know a surprising amount about these questions for systems which possess additional structure often coming from geometry. This book focuses on equations from toric varieties and Grassmannians. Not only is much known about these, but such equations are common in applications. There are three main themes: upper bounds on the number of real solutions, lower bounds on the number of real solutions, and geometric problems that can have all solutions be real. The book begins with an overview, giving background on real solutions to univariate polynomials and the geometry of sparse polynomial systems. The first half of the book concludes with fewnomial upper bounds and with lower bounds to sparse polynomial systems. The second half of the book begins by sampling some geometric problems for which all solutions can be real, before devoting the last five chapters to the Shapiro Conjecture, in which the relevant polynomial systems have only real solutions.

Ideals Varieties and Algorithms

Author: David A. Cox
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319167219
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This text covers topics in algebraic geometry and commutative algebra with a strong perspective toward practical and computational aspects. The first four chapters form the core of the book. A comprehensive chart in the Preface illustrates a variety of ways to proceed with the material once these chapters are covered. In addition to the fundamentals of algebraic geometry—the elimination theorem, the extension theorem, the closure theorem and the Nullstellensatz—this new edition incorporates several substantial changes, all of which are listed in the Preface. The largest revision incorporates a new Chapter (ten), which presents some of the essentials of progress made over the last decades in computing Gröbner bases. The book also includes current computer algebra material in Appendix C and updated independent projects (Appendix D). The book may serve as a first or second course in undergraduate abstract algebra and with some supplementation perhaps, for beginning graduate level courses in algebraic geometry or computational algebra. Prerequisites for the reader include linear algebra and a proof-oriented course. It is assumed that the reader has access to a computer algebra system. Appendix C describes features of MapleTM, Mathematica® and Sage, as well as other systems that are most relevant to the text. Pseudocode is used in the text; Appendix B carefully describes the pseudocode used. From the reviews of previous editions: “...The book gives an introduction to Buchberger’s algorithm with applications to syzygies, Hilbert polynomials, primary decompositions. There is an introduction to classical algebraic geometry with applications to the ideal membership problem, solving polynomial equations and elimination theory. ...The book is well-written. ...The reviewer is sure that it will be an excellent guide to introduce further undergraduates in the algorithmic aspect of commutative algebra and algebraic geometry.” —Peter Schenzel, zbMATH, 2007 “I consider the book to be wonderful. ... The exposition is very clear, there are many helpful pictures and there are a great many instructive exercises, some quite challenging ... offers the heart and soul of modern commutative and algebraic geometry.” —The American Mathematical Monthly

Tropical Algebraic Geometry

Author: Ilia Itenberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783034600484
Format: PDF, ePub
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These notes present a polished introduction to tropical geometry and contain some applications of this rapidly developing and attractive subject. It consists of three chapters which complete each other and give a possibility for non-specialists to make the first steps in the subject which is not yet well represented in the literature. The notes are based on a seminar at the Mathematical Research Center in Oberwolfach in October 2004. The intended audience is graduate, post-graduate, and Ph.D. students as well as established researchers in mathematics.

Grothendieck Duality and Base Change

Author: Brian Conrad
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 354040015X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Grothendieck's duality theory for coherent cohomology is a fundamental tool in algebraic geometry and number theory, in areas ranging from the moduli of curves to the arithmetic theory of modular forms. Presented is a systematic overview of the entire theory, including many basic definitions and a detailed study of duality on curves, dualizing sheaves, and Grothendieck's residue symbol. Along the way proofs are given of some widely used foundational results which are not proven in existing treatments of the subject, such as the general base change compatibility of the trace map for proper Cohen-Macaulay morphisms (e.g., semistable curves). This should be of interest to mathematicians who have some familiarity with Grothendieck's work and wish to understand the details of this theory.