Doing Philosophy of Technology

Author: Joseph C. Pitt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400708204
Format: PDF, ePub
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As science becomes more deeply embedded in a complex technological infrastructure, has this changed the relationship between the sciences and the various technologies that support them? As our technologies help shrink our world, can we restrict our ethical concerns or must we find a way to face the fact that we are now one world? What do new forms of architecture say about whom we are? Is the design process the new epistemological paradigm? The answers to all of these is "yes" according to Joseph C. Pitt (VirginaTech). Doing Philosophy of Technology presents an updated and integrated overview of the most important thinking from this prominent philosopher of technology. Throughout his career Joseph C. Pitt has defended the view that to say anything meaningful about the value of a technology one must know something about that technology and how it functions in the world. This starting point leads naturally to a pragmatist philosophical stance, since it is the real world consequences of introducing a technology that must be the basis for any further normative judgements. In the book we find an extended set of arguments that challenge the idea that there are eternal philosophical issues that transcend the impacts that technologies make on human beings and their world. Rather, it is claimed that as our technologies transform our world they transform us and the kinds of questions we find important to answer.

Islamic Ethics of Technology

Author: Amana Raquib
Publisher: The Other Press
ISBN: 9839541935
Format: PDF
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This book approaches the question of technology from an Islamic ethical perspective. The book tries to broaden the scope of the Sharia to deal comprehensively with the ethical questions and dilemmas that arise in the midst of a postmodern technological culture due to the absence of well-defined religious-ethical ends. It looks at the maqasid as a universal ethical theory to be interpreted and applied in the global technological context. It weaves the contemporary philosophical analysis of technology within the maqasid discourse and assesses modern technology through the lens of the ultimate aims and purposes of the Sharia. It works out the relationship between the various objectives and how they can be developed into an Islamic ethics of technology. Following in the recent interest in the objectives of the Sharia, the book further expands the scope of the maqasid and carries it further to encompass metaphysical and ethical debates surrounding technology. Anyone interested in finding alternatives to the existing technological model will find this book valuable. Specifically those interested in Islam and Modern World and how ijtihad is being undertaken to tackle contemporary ethical problems will find this book helpful.

Exceptional Technologies

Author: Dominic Smith
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350015628
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A discussion of the rapidly growing field, from a thinker at the forefront of research at the interface of technology and the humanities, this is a must-read for anyone interested in contemporary developments in Continental philosophy and philosophy of technology. Philosophy of technology regularly draws on key thinkers in the Continental tradition, including Husserl, Heidegger, and Foucault. Yet because of the problematic legacy of the 'empirical turn', it often criticizes 'bad' continental tendencies - lyricism, pessimism, and an outdated view of technology as an autonomous, transcendental force. This misconception is based on a faulty image of Continental thought, and in addressing it Smith productively redefines our concept of technology. By closely engaging key texts, and by examining 'exceptional technologies' such as imagined, failed, and impossible technologies that fall outside philosophy of technology's current focus, this book offers a practical guide to thinking about and using continental philosophy and philosophy of technology. It outlines and enacts three key characteristics of philosophy as practiced in the continental tradition: close reading of the history of philosophy; focus on critique; and openness to other disciplinary fields. Smith deploys the concept of exceptional technologies to provide a novel way of widening discussion in philosophy of technology, navigating the relationship between philosophy of technology and Continental philosophy; the history of both these fields; the role of imagination in relation to technologies; and the social function of technologies themselves.

Islamic Perspectives on Science and Technology

Author: Mohammad Hashim Kamali
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9812877789
Format: PDF
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This book presents 25 selected papers from the International Conference on “Developing Synergies between Islam & Science and Technology for Mankind’s Benefit” held at the International Institute for Advanced Islamic Studies Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, in October 2014. The papers cover a broad range of issues reflecting the main conference themes: Cosmology and the Universe, Philosophy of Science and the Emergence of Biological Systems, Principles and Applications of Tawhidic Science, Medical Applications of Tawhidic Science and Bioethics, and the History and Teaching of Science from an Islamic Perspective. Highlighting the relationships between the Islamic religious worldview and the physical sciences, the book challenges secularist paradigms on the study of Science and Technology. Integrating metaphysical perspectives of Science, topics include Islamic approaches to S&T such as an Islamic epistemology of the philosophy of science, a new quantum theory, environmental care, avoiding wasteful consumption using Islamic teachings, and emotional-blasting psychological therapy. Eminent contributing scholars include Osman Bakar, Mohammad Hashim Kamali, Mehdi Golshani, Mohd. Kamal Hassan, Adi Setia and Malik Badri. The book is essential reading for a broad group of academics and practitioners, from Islamic scholars and social scientists to (physical) scientists and engineers.

Engineering Identities Epistemologies and Values

Author: Steen Hyldgaard Christensen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319161725
Format: PDF
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This second companion volume on engineering studies considers engineering practice including contextual analyses of engineering identity, epistemologies and values. Key overlapping questions examine such issues as an engineering identity, engineering self-understandings enacted in the professional world, distinctive characters of engineering knowledge and how engineering science and engineering design interact in practice. Authors bring with them perspectives from their institutional homes in Europe, North America, Australia\ and Asia. The volume includes 24 contributions by more than 30 authors from engineering, the social sciences and the humanities. Additional issues the chapters scrutinize include prominent norms of engineering, how they interact with the values of efficiency or environmental sustainability. A concluding set of articles considers the meaning of context more generally by asking if engineers create their own contexts or are they created by contexts. Taken as a whole, this collection of original scholarly work is unique in its broad, multidisciplinary consideration of the changing character of engineering practice.

Diphtheria Serum as a Technological Object

Author: Jonathan Simon
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498531482
Format: PDF
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This book is a philosophical analysis of the development and production of the anti-diphtheria serum in France from 1894 to 1900. Jonathan Simon's unique approach considers serum, a medicinal drug, as a technological object and analyzes its insertion into the therapeutic environment of diphtheria.

Religion and Technology

Author: Jay Newman
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Religion and technology have always been at the heart of any civilization, says Newman, and the changing relations between them have and will continue to have a powerful influence on social and personal development. Newman begins with a look at religious criticism of technology, most specifically the view that technology undermines religious world views, religious practices, and spirituality in general. But what the religious antitechnologist might be misunderstanding, he argues, are the essence of technology, its relation to progress, and its significance as a religious endeavor. Indeed, religion may be a form of technology, or both may be the same as culture itself.

Die Wissenschaften vom K nstlichen

Author: Herbert A. Simon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783709193839
Format: PDF, ePub
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Die Wissenschaften vom Künstlichen von Herbert A. Simon gilt seit dem Erscheinen der ersten Ausgabe im Jahr 1969 als "Klassiker" der Literatur zum Thema Künstliche Intelligenz. Simon hat zusammen mit den Computerwissenschaftlern Allen Newell, Marvin Minsky und John McCarthy Mitte der fünfziger Jahre das so bezeichnete - von Alan Turing antizipierte - Forschungsgebiet der Computerwissenschaft und der Psychologie ins Leben gerufen. Seine herausragende, allgemeinverständliche Darstellung von Grundüberlegungen und philosophischen Aspekten der Künstlichen Intelligenz ist heute aktueller denn je, nicht nur wegen der ständig zunehmenden Bedeutung der Forschung und Entwicklung auf diesem Gebiet, sondern auch aufgrund des verbreiteten Mangels an Grundkenntnissen für eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit der Künstlichen Intelligenz.