Doubt in Islamic Law

Author: Intisar A. Rabb
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107080991
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book considers the rarely studied but pervasive concepts of doubt that medieval Muslim jurists used to resolve problematic criminal cases.

Coercion and Responsibility in Islam

Author: Mairaj U. Syed
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198788770
Format: PDF, ePub
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In Coercion and Responsibility in Islam, Mairaj Syed explores how classical Muslim theologians and jurists from four intellectual traditions argue about the thorny issues that coercion raises about responsibility for one's action. This is done by assessing four ethical problems: whether the absence of coercion or compulsion is a condition for moral agency; how the law ought to define what is coercive; coercion's effect on the legal validity of speech acts; and its effects on moral and legal responsibility in the cases of rape and murder. Through a comparative and historical examination of these ethical problems, the book demonstrates the usefulness of a new model for analyzing ethical thought produced by intellectuals working within traditions in a competitive pluralistic environment. The book compares classical Muslim thought on coercion with that of modern Western thinkers on these issues and finds significant parallels between them. The finding suggests that a fruitful starting point for comparative ethical inquiry, especially inquiry aimed at the discovery of common ground for ethical action, may be found in an examination of how ethicists from different traditions considered concrete problems.

Koran f r Dummies

Author: Sohaib Sultan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527710396
Format: PDF, ePub
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With the current turmoil in the Middle East, there is a growing interest about Islam—the world’s second largest religion and one of the fastest growing—and its holy book, the Koran (or Qur’an). Now, with this easy–to–follow, plain–English guide, you can explore the history, structure, and basic tenets of Islam’s sacred scripture. The Koran For Dummies is for non–Muslims interested in the Koran as well as Muslims looking to deepen their understanding. Islamic scholar Sohaib Sultan provides a clear road map, revealing: The meaning of Koran and its basic message The Koran’s place in history and in Islamic spiritual life Explanations of its language, structure, and narrative style How to live by the Koran’s teachings The Koran’s role in key global issues, such as Jihad vs. terrorism Different interpretations of the Koran No other book provides such a straightforward look at what the Koran says, how it says it, and how believers live according to its guidance. From how the Koran was received by Mohammed and how it was compiled to how it’s interpreted by Islam’s two main branches, you’ll see how to put the Islamic faith in perspective. Plus, you’ll discover: What the Koran really says about women and civil law How Islam relates to Judaism and Christianity The Koran’s view of God, prophets, mankind, and the self How its teachings are lived and recited every day by devout Muslims Common misconceptions of the Koran How to raise a family the Koranic way Complete with lists of important passages, Koranic terminology, famous quotes, and further reading resources, The Koran For Dummies makes it easy and enjoyable for you to grasp the teachings and significance of Islam′s holy book.

Grammatik des Westmitteliranischen

Author: Desmond Durkin
Publisher: Austrian Academy of Sciences
ISBN: 9783700175568
Format: PDF, ePub
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English summary: The Grammatik des Westmitteliranischen (Parthisch und Mittelpersisch) (grammar of the Western Middle Iranian language, Parthian and Middle Persian) represents the first attempt to plausibly and practically assess all aspects of both the Middle Persian and Parthian languages based on a concerted approach. An overview of the available material is followed by a description of the fonts utilized along with chapters on phonology, morphology and syntax. The use of a combined approach is particularly effective due to the approximately one thousand years of history shared by these neighboring and closely related languages. The presentation is comprehensible and the language in the documents clearly marked. An extensive chapter on syntax presents the documents in the form of a clear transcription, with the original documents (which have been transliterated) listed in a reference section and thoroughly indexed. This volume will be essential to researchers and students of Iranian linguistics, cultural and religious history, Manichaeologists and scholars of Central Asian and Indo-European Studies. German description: Nach mehreren Einzelbeschreibungen vor allem der Phonologie und Morphologie der Sprachen Mittelpersisch und Parthisch sowie einem Versuch, Aspekte der Syntax beider Sprachen nebeneinanderzustellen, ist die "Grammatik des Westmitteliranischen (Parthisch und Mittelpersisch)" der erste Versuch, alle Bereiche der zwei Sprachen Mittelpersisch und Parthisch in einer sinnvollen und ausgewogenen Weise gemeinsam zu behandeln. Nach einem Uberblick uber das vorhandene Material werden die verwendeten Schriften beschrieben. Dann folgen Kapitel zur Phonologie, Morphologie und Syntax. Die etwa tausendjahrige gemeinsame Geschichte dieser benachbarten und eng verwandten Sprachen macht eine vereinte Behandlung sehr nutzlich, denn in den epigraphischen Zeugnissen des 3. Jahrhunderts und im manichaischen Material aus Turfan an der Seidenstrasse (Kopien des 9. und 10. Jahrhunderts von Originalen aus dem 3. bis 7. Jahrhundert) sind diese Sprachen zusammen und mit Wechselwirkungen belegt. Diese Quellengruppen bieten eine hervorragende und sehr zuverlassige Grundlage fur die Beschreibung. Literarisches, meist zoroastrisches, Mittelpersisch aus dem Sasanidenreich wurde ebenfalls berucksichtigt; nicht aber die "scholastische" zoroastrische Literatur des 9. Jahrhunderts, die eigene Regeln hat. Die Darstellung ist verstandlich, die Sprache der Belege deutlich gekennzeichnet. Im umfangreichen Kapitel zur Syntax werden die Belege in einer klaren Umschrift (Transkription) geboten, die Originalbelege (in Transliteration) sind in einem Verzeichnis aufgefuhrt und durch einen Stellenindex erschlossen. Forscher und Studenten der iranischen Sprach-, Kultur- und Religionsgeschichte, Manichaologen, Zentralasienforscher und Indogermanisten werden dieses Buch konsultieren