Drugs

Author: Lisa Anne Zilney
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780132275354
Format: PDF, Docs
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Incorporating fields of sociology, criminology, and public policy, this book provides a more complete understanding of the issues surrounding drugs. The primary purpose of this work is to teach students about the dynamics of drugs (both legal and illegal) in American society, while providing a look at historical law creation and current law enforcement. Unique coverage includes topics such as the history of drugs in the U.S., the integral role of race in the creation of drug laws, the elaboration of the global trade in drugs, the U.S. drug control policies and the impact of the U.S. drug war on international relations. Features include: Incorporates observations from sociology, criminology, and public policy-- Includes more on U.S. drug control policies, the impact of U.S. laws on international relations and other nations approaches to drugs-- Emphasizes the U.S. drug war domestically and globally. Emphasizes the creation of drug laws. Includes real-life segments and human interest stories Important Terms Critical Thinking Questions Research Topics Suggested Reading/Films

Drugs Policy Social Costs Crime and Justice

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1467207489
Format: PDF, ePub
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Drugs, Policy, Social Costs, Crime, and Justice. In this book, you will learn topics such as The History and Effects of Drug Use, Controlling Drug Use, plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Crime and Punishment in America An Encyclopedia of Trends and Controversies in the Justice System 2 volumes

Author: Laura L. Finley
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610699289
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Covering some of the most hotly contested topics in crime and criminal justice, including proposed sentencing and prison reforms, controversial developments like Stand Your Ground laws, and Supreme Court decisions, this work supplies essential background, current data, and a range of viewpoints on these important issues. • Provides readers with a thorough analysis of the most controversial topics in criminal justice that includes contributions from renowned scholars, activists, victim service providers, and other experts • Addresses current trends and problems in America's criminal justice system • Includes tables, graphs, and charts tracking the most important developments related to crime, sentencing, and the prison system

Introduction to Criminology

Author: Pamela J. Schram
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483315592
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Introduction to Criminology: Why Do They Do It? presents a comprehensive and integrated approach to introductory criminology. Acclaimed authors and professors Pamela J. Schram and Stephen G. Tibbetts skillfully connect criminological theories to real-life cases to help students better understand criminology fundamentals. They thoroughly introduce theoretical perspectives that explain criminal behavior and are most respected by modern criminologists, while illustrating the theories with real-life examples such as street violence and property crimes. This text also includes many contemporary topics that are not well represented in competing texts, such as cybercrime, hate crimes, white-collar crime, homeland security, and identity theft.

Drugs in American Society An Encyclopedia of History Politics Culture and the Law 3 volumes

Author: Nancy E. Marion
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610695968
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

The Costs of Crime and Justice

Author: Mark A Cohen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135994501
Format: PDF
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In The Costs of Crime and Justice, Mark Cohen presents a comprehensive view of the financial setbacks of criminal behaviour. Victims of crime might incur medical costs, lost wages and property damage; while for some crimes pain, suffering and reduced quality of life suffered by victims far exceeds any physical damage. The government also incurs costs as the provider of mental health services, police, courts and prisons. Cohen argues that understanding the costs of crime can lead to important insights and policy conclusions - both in terms of criminal justice policy but also in terms of other social ills that compete with crime for government funding. This book systematically discusses the numerous methodological approaches and tallies up what is known about the costs of crime A must-read for anyone involved in public policy, The Costs of Crime and Justice consolidates the diverse research in this area but also makes one of the most valuable contributions to date to the study of the economics of criminal behavior.

Criminal Justice

Author: Eleanor Hannon Judah
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780789000811
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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There are nearly two million inmates in America today. Are there better alternatives to incarceration? Criminal Justice: Retribution vs. Restoration presents new answers and unconventional suggestions addressing America's overcrowded prisons and jails, high recidivism rates, and weakened family and community relationships with ex-prisoners. Experts in the field discuss the benefits and failures of America's criminal justice system at various times in history and today, then explore possibilities to improve on that system. This groundbreaking book introduces encouraging, therapeutic approaches to criminal justice that include treatment, rehabilitation, and the direct involvement the victims, the families, and the communities. Criminal Justice looks at America's over-reliance on punishment and retribution as the means of responding to prevalent social problems and examines the justice system's tendency to incarcerate—rather than treat—minority, mentally ill, poor, and drug-dependent offenders. The authors—who are all active in some field of criminal justice—argue for a restorative model of correction that is more humane to both offenders and victims. This model opens up dialogue between offenders and their victims, families, and communities by promoting hallmark programs, including victim offender mediation, conferencing, peacemaking circles, restitution, and community projects and services. Criminal Justice includes such intriguing topics as: the social costs and moral economy of incarceration drug policy—should drug users be incarcerated or rehabilitated? the potential of restorative justice—a first-hand account from a prison inmate restorative justice and faith communities the practice and efficacy of restorative justice the path from fury to forgiveness—the emotions of the mother of a murdered child strategies for creating safe and just communities women in prison—their special needs both during incarceration and after re-entry social work and criminal justice—how they work together grassroots advocacy for criminal justice reform—a look back over the last 30 years by the founders of CURE (Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants) This book's foundation rests on the Biblical concepts of restoration, healing, forgiveness, reconciliation, and responsibility. Criminal Justice: Retribution vs Restoration is an eye-opening look at the negative effects of our current system of blame and punishment and offers hope for better, more humane methods in the future. This holistic, empowering, and strengths-based perspective offers insight and suggestions that are valuable for students, social workers, policymakers, and criminal justice professionals.

Criminal Justice at the Crossroads

Author: William R. Kelly
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231539223
Format: PDF, ePub
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Over the past forty years, the criminal justice system in the United States has engaged in a very expensive policy failure, attempting to punish its way to public safety, with dismal results. So-called "tough on crime" policies have not only failed to effectively reduce crime, recidivism, and victimization but also created an incredibly inefficient system that routinely fails the public, taxpayers, crime victims, criminal offenders, their families, and their communities. Strategies that focus on behavior change are much more productive and cost effective for reducing crime than punishment, and in this book, William R. Kelly discusses the policy, process, and funding innovations and priorities that the United States needs to effectively reduce crime, recidivism, victimization, and cost. He recommends proactive, evidence-based interventions to address criminogenic behavior; collaborative decision making from a variety of professions and disciplines; and a focus on innovative alternatives to incarceration, such as problem-solving courts and probation. Students, professionals, and policy makers alike will find in this comprehensive text a bracing discussion of how our criminal justice system became broken and the best strategies by which to fix it.

Drugs and Crime

Author: Richard Hammersley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745697283
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Why are we so concerned about drugs and crime? Is the relationship between drug-taking and criminal behaviour as straightforward as it is sometimes made to appear? What should be done about the problem? This thought-provoking book argues that much current thinking about drugs and crime is simplistic and misguided, because it fails to take into account the complex social and psychological contexts that underpin the relationship between drug or alcohol problems and crime. In clear and accessible language, it reviews existing explanations of the links between drugs and crime, and assesses the practical approaches currently being taken to tackle the problems involved. Key topics covered include: * The kinds of substance uses society finds acceptable and normal, and the reasons for these categorisations * What causes offending, drug use and drug problems across the life course * Regulating the illicit drugs industry * Addressing poverty and social exclusion, which are key drivers of drugs and crime. Drugs and crime are of concern to us all. This textbook will be of great value to advanced undergraduate and graduate students across the social sciences and in health and social care, including those studying criminology, psychology, medical sociology, social policy, social work or criminal justice. It will also be of interest to academics, practitioners and policy makers in these fields.