Early Vascular Aging EVA

Author: Peter M Nilsson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128016760
Format: PDF, Docs
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Early Vascular Aging (EVA): New Directions in Cardiovascular Protection brings together the last decade of research related to the characterization of EVA, as well as the predictive power of pulse wave velocity (PWV). The book presents a novel approach to the problem of cardiovascular disease, showing it in relation to great vessels disease and revealing a comprehensive approach to the problem of increased rigidity of the great vessels, its causes, and further consequences. Information provided is accompanied by online access to a supplemental website with video clips of anatomic specimens, cardiac imaging, and surgical procedures. Introduces the latest information on early vascular aging (EVA), complete with summaries of recent evidence and guidelines for relevant risk factor control Ideal reference for the study of vascular aging, pulse wave velocity, arteriosclerosis, EVA, arterial stiffness, vascular, PWV biomarkers, and cardiovascular disease Contains all the relevant information available from different fields of knowledge (from basic biology to epidemiology) in regard to EVA Provides evidence that leads to a new target for interventions, early vascular aging (EVA) in subjects with early onset increased arterial stiffness Includes online access to a supplemental website with video clips of anatomic specimens, cardiac imaging, and surgical procedures

Oxford Textbook of Children s Sport and Exercise Medicine

Author: Neil Armstrong
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019252044X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Now consisting of fifty innovative chapters authored by internationally recognised scientists and clinicians, the extensively revised third edition of the Oxford Textbook of Children's Sport and Exercise Medicine is the fundamental reference work on paediatric exercise medicine and sport science. Using a scientific evidence-based approach and new insights into understanding the exercising child and adolescent, this title covers a complex and rapidly evolving field. Designed to inform, challenge and support all involved in the study and treatment of the exercising child and adolescent, the Oxford Textbook of Children's Sport and Exercise Medicine presents complex scientific and medical material in an accessible and understandable manner. With extensive sections on Exercise Science, Exercise Medicine, Sport Science and Sport Medicine, chapters comprehensively cover training, physical activity in relation to health issues, the physiology of the young athlete and injury using the research and practical experience of a renowned author team. Fully illustrated and extensively revised, new topics and fully updated material complement the state-of-the-art approach of previous editions. With an increased focus on molecular exercise physiology, close to 75% of the content found in this edition is new material, reflecting the many advances and developments across this discipline.

The Role of Global Air Pollution in Aging and Disease

Author: Caleb E. Finch
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128131039
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Global Air Pollution in Aging: Reading Smoke Signals is a complete reference connecting environmental pollution research to the human aging process. Since 1800, lifespans have more than doubled as infections declined and medicine improved. But the 20th century introduced a new global scourge of air pollution from fossil fuels with the potential to damage arteries, hearts and lungs that has been related to chronic exposure of air pollution from fossil fuels. Risk areas of study include childhood obesity, brain damage associated with air pollution, increased risk for autism in children and dementia in older adults. In humans and animals, air pollution stimulates chronic inflammation in different organs, and genetic vulnerability to air pollution is being recognized, particularly for carriers of the Alzheimer risk gene ApoE4. Connects environmental pollution research to the human aging process Raises new issues relevant to the controversies on air pollution and global warming, challenging assumptions that lifespan will continue to increase in the 21st Century Examines the burden of air pollution to disadvantaged populations, with anticipated greater impact in developing countries which rely on fossil fuels for economic development in future decades

Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging

Author: Roberto Cabeza
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190660236
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This second edition of the popular Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging provides up-to-date coverage of the most fundamental topics in this discipline. Like the first edition, this volume accessibly and comprehensively reviews the neural mechanisms of cognitive aging appropriate to both professionals and students in a variety of domains, including psychology, neuroscience, neuropsychology, neurology, and psychiatry. The chapters are organized into three sections. The first section focuses on major questions regarding methodological approaches and experimental design. It includes chapters on structural imaging (MRI, DTI), functional imaging (fMRI), and molecular imaging (dopamine PET, etc), and covers multimodal imaging, longitudinal studies, and the interpretation of imaging findings. The second section concentrates on specific cognitive abilities, including attention and inhibitory control, executive functions, memory, and emotion. The third section turns to domains with health and clinical implications, such as the emergence of cognitive deficits in middle age, the role of genetics, the effects of modulatory variables (hypertension, exercise, cognitive engagement), and the distinction between healthy aging and the effects of dementia and depression. Taken together, the chapters in this volume, written by many of the most eminent scientists as well as young stars in this discipline, provide a unified and comprehensive overview of cognitive neuroscience of aging.

Bone s Atlas of Pulmonary Medicine

Author: James D. Crapo
Publisher: Current Medicine
ISBN: 9781573402330
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the third edition of Bone's Atlas of Pulmonary Medicine, each chapter has been carefully reviewed and updated. Figures and references have been revised to include new advances on diagnosis and therapy. New authors have been recruited and several new chapters have been added, including chapters on sleep disorders, HIV and fungal infections, lower respiratory tract infections, and nutrition. Features Hundreds of high quality images in step with the latest developments in medicine Includes new advances on diagnosis and therapy World-renowned authors from a variety of medical disciplines Hand-drawn illustrations In-depth explanation for each image.

Cerebral Small Vessel Disease

Author: Leonardo Pantoni
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107031664
Format: PDF, ePub
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Up-to-date discussion of the etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of this common cause of stroke and cognitive impairment.

The ESC Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine

Author: A. John Camm
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199566992
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This benchmark textbook for trainees and cardiologists throughout Europe and elswhere is now fully revised and updated. Mapped closely to the European Society of Cardiology Core Curriculum, supplemented with videos and downloadable images and accompanied by a fully searchable online version with linked full reference listings. Enhanced with EBAC accredited CME self-assessment.

New Directions in Biocultural Anthropology

Author: Molly K. Zuckerman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118962966
Format: PDF, Docs
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Biocultural or biosocial anthropology is a research approach that views biology and culture as dialectically and inextricably intertwined, explicitly emphasizing the dynamic interaction between humans and their larger social, cultural, and physical environments. The biocultural approach emerged in anthropology in the 1960s, matured in the 1980s, and is now one of the dominant paradigms in anthropology, particularly within biological anthropology. This volume gathers contributions from the top scholars in biocultural anthropology focusing on six of the most influential, productive, and important areas of research within biocultural anthropology. These are: critical and synthetic approaches within biocultural anthropology; biocultural approaches to identity, including race and racism; health, diet, and nutrition; infectious disease from antiquity to the modern era; epidemiologic transitions and population dynamics; and inequality and violence studies. Focusing on these six major areas of burgeoning research within biocultural anthropology makes the proposed volume timely, widely applicable and useful to scholars engaging in biocultural research and students interested in the biocultural approach, and synthetic in its coverage of contemporary scholarship in biocultural anthropology. Students will be able to grasp the history of the biocultural approach, and how that history continues to impact scholarship, as well as the scope of current research within the approach, and the foci of biocultural research into the future. Importantly, contributions in the text follow a consistent format of a discussion of method and theory relative to a particular aspect of the above six topics, followed by a case study applying the surveyed method and theory. This structure will engage students by providing real world examples of anthropological issues, and demonstrating how biocultural method and theory can be used to elucidate and resolve them. Key features include: Contributions which span the breadth of approaches and topics within biological anthropology from the insights granted through work with ancient human remains to those granted through collaborative research with contemporary peoples. Comprehensive treatment of diverse topics within biocultural anthropology, from human variation and adaptability to recent disease pandemics, the embodied effects of race and racism, industrialization and the rise of allergy and autoimmune diseases, and the sociopolitics of slavery and torture. Contributions and sections united by thematically cohesive threads. Clear, jargon-free language in a text that is designed to be pedagogically flexible: contributions are written to be both understandable and engaging to both undergraduate and graduate students. Provision of synthetic theory, method and data in each contribution. The use of richly contextualized case studies driven by empirical data. Through case-study driven contributions, each chapter demonstrates how biocultural approaches can be used to better understand and resolve real-world problems and anthropological issues.

Cardiac Adaptations

Author: Bohuslav Ostadal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461452031
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book summarizes present knowledge of different mechanisms involved in the development of positive and negative consequences of cardiac adaptation. Particular attention is paid to the still underestimated adaptive cardiac responses during development, to adaptation to the frequently occurring pressure and volume overload as well as to cardiac changes, induced by enduring exercise and chronic hypoxia. Cardiac Adaptations will be of great value to cardiovascular investigators, who will find this book highly useful in their cardiovascular studies for finding solutions in diverse pathological conditions; it will also appeal to students, fellows, scientists, and clinicians interested in cardiovascular abnormalities.

Basic Epidemiology

Author: R. Bonita
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241547073
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Basic epidemiology provides an introduction to the core principles and methods of epidemiology, with a special emphasis on public health applications in developing countries. This edition includes chapters on the nature and uses of epidemiology; the epidemiological approach to defining and measuring the occurrence of health-related states in populations; the strengths and limitations of epidemiological study designs; and the role of epidemiology in evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of health care. The book has a particular emphasis on modifiable environmental factors and encourages the application of epidemiology to the prevention of disease and the promotion of health, including environmental and occupational health.