Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials

Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0857097725
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials. Part one discusses the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to building materials as well as eco-labeling. Part two includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building. Part three includes case studies applying LCA methodology to particular structures and components. Reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials Provides a thorough overview, including strengths and shortcomings, of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and eco-labeling of eco-efficient construction and building materials Includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco Efficient Construction Materials

Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081002092
Format: PDF, ePub
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Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Smart Buildings

Author: Marco Casini
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081006403
Format: PDF, Docs
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Smart Buildings: Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology to Improve Energy Efficiency and Environmental Performance presents a thorough analysis of the latest advancements in construction materials and building design that are applied to maximize building efficiency in both new and existing buildings. After a brief introduction on the issues concerning the design process in the third millennium, Part One examines the differences between Zero Energy, Green, and Smart Buildings, with particular emphasis placed on the issue of smart buildings and smart housing, mainly the ‘envelope’ and how to make it more adaptive with the new possibilities offered by nanotechnology and smart materials. Part Two focuses on the last generation of solutions for smart thermal insulation. Based on the results of extensive research into more innovative insulation materials, chapters discuss achievements in nanotechnology, bio-ecological, and phase-change materials. The technical characteristics, performance level, and methods of use for each are described in detail, as are the achievements in the field of green walls and their use as a solution for upgrading the energy efficiency and environmental performance of existing buildings. Finally, Part Three reviews current research on smart windows, with the assumption that transparent surfaces represent the most critical element in the energy balance of the building. Chapters provide an extensive review on the technical features of transparent closures that are currently on the market or under development, from so-called dynamic glazing to bio-adaptive and photovoltaic glazing. The aesthetic potential and performance limits are also be discussed. Presents valuable definitions that are given to explain the characteristics, requirements, and differences between ‘zero energy’, ‘green’ and ‘smart’ buildings Contains particular focus on the next generation of construction materials and the most advanced products currently entering the market Lists both the advantages and disadvantages to help the reader choose the most suitable solution Takes into consideration both design and materials aspects Promotes the existence of new advanced materials providing technical information to encourage further use and reduce costs compared to more traditional materials

Eco efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs

Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782424016
Format: PDF
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Climate change is one of the most important environmental problems faced by Planet Earth. The majority of CO2 emissions come from burning fossil fuels for energy production and improvements in energy efficiency shows the greatest potential for any single strategy to abate global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy sector. Energy related emissions account for almost 80% of the EU's total greenhouse gas emissions. The building sector is the largest energy user responsible for about 40% of the EU’s total final energy consumption. In Europe the number of installed air conditioning systems has increased 500% over the last 20 years, but in that same period energy cooling needs have increased more than 20 times. The increase in energy cooling needs relates to the current higher living and working standards. In urban environments with low outdoor air quality (the general case) this means that in summer-time one cannot count on natural ventilation to reduce cooling needs. Do not forget the synergistic effect between heat waves and air pollution which means that outdoor air quality is worse in the summer aggravating cooling needs. Over the next few years this phenomenon will become much worse because more people will live in cities, more than 2 billion by 2050 and global warming will aggravate cooling needs. An overview of materials to lessen the impact of urban heat islands Excellent coverage of building materials to reduce air condtioning needs Innovative products discussed such as Thermo and Electrochromic materials

Thermal Cracking of Massive Concrete Structures

Author: Eduardo M.R. Fairbairn
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319766171
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides a State of the Art Report (STAR) produced by RILEM Technical Committee 254-CMS ‘Thermal Cracking of Mas-sive Concrete Structures’. Several recent developments related to the old problem of understanding/predicting stresses originated from the evolution of the hydration of concrete are at the origin of the creation this technical committee. Having identified a lack in the organization of up-to-date scientific and technological knowledge about cracking induced by hydration heat effects, this STAR aims to provide both practitioners and scientists with a deep integrated overview of consolidated knowledge, together with recent developments on this subject.

Nearly Zero Energy Building Refurbishment

Author: Fernando Pacheco Torgal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447155238
Format: PDF, Docs
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The recast of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union on 19 May 2010. For new buildings, the recast fixes 2020 as the deadline for all new buildings to be “nearly zero energy” (and even sooner for public buildings – by the end of 2018). This book gives practitioner an important tool to tackle the challenges of building refurbishment towards nearly zero energy. This book is welcome at this time and sets the scene for professionals whether practitioners or researchers to learn more about how we can make whether old or new buildings more efficient and effective in terms of energy performance.

Fassaden

Author: Ulrich Knaack
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3038210269
Format: PDF, ePub
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Fassaden bestimmen die Erscheinung eines Gebäudes, sie verkörpern es gleichsam. Somit kommt ihnen in der Architektur große Bedeutung zu. Gleichzeitig nimmt die Gebäudehülle zentrale Aufgaben wahr – Belichtung, Wetterdichtigkeit, thermische Isolation, Lastenabtragung, Schallschutz, um nur die wichtigsten Funktionen zu nennen. Über die letzten 15 Jahre sind Fassaden erheblich komplexer geworden und die Entwicklung hält an: intelligente, klima-aktive Fassaden beispielsweise passen sich durch selbstregelnde Systeme den verschiedenen Licht- und Klimaverhältnissen an, neu entwickelte Materialien und Technologien haben die Funktionalität der Fassade stark erweitert. Dieses Buch zeigt die Prinzipien der Fassade. Zunächst werden die wichtigsten Typen wie Pfosten-Riegel-Fassade, Vorhangfassade, Elementfassade, Doppelfassade vorgestellt, dann werden ihre Anforderungen an Entwurf und Konstruktion verdeutlicht. Zahlreiche, eigens für dieses Buch entstandene Zeichnungen erklären die einzelnen Fassadentypen und zeigen diese dann am gebauten Beispiel. Für die Neuausgabe wurden die Kapitel aktualisiert, sämtliche Beispiele komplett neu erstellt und das neue Kapitel „Zukünftige Fassaden“ gibt einen Ausblick.

OECD Umweltpr fberichte OECD Umweltpr fberichte Schweiz 2007

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 3905822008
Format: PDF, ePub
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Der Hauptzweck der OECD Umweltprüfberichte ist es, die Mitgliedstaaten dabei zu unterstützen, im Umweltmanagement gemeinsam und individuell bessere Ergebnisse zu realisieren. Dies soll erreicht werden durch: die Unterstützung der einzelnen Länder ...

Bauentwurfslehre

Author: Ernst Neufert
Publisher: Springer Vieweg
ISBN: 9783658218768
Format: PDF, Docs
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Übersichtliche Funktions-Schemata und Typologien für alle Gebäudearten und Baulichen Anlagen, Maße und Abmessungen für Räume, Einrichtungen und Geräte können im "Neufert" verlässlich nachgeschlagen werden und bieten dem Planenden einen schnellen Überblick und sicheren Einstieg in alle Entwurfsthemen. Auch die 42. Auflage des Standardwerks für den Bauentwurf wurde inhaltlich und grafisch weiter überarbeitet und aktualisiert. Im Einzelnen wurden folgende Themen stark aktualisiert oder neu aufgenommen: ÖPNV, Coworking Space, Erneuerbare Energien, LED, Schulsport, Sakralbauten, Museen, Serieller Wohnungsbau, Wohnen auf Zeit, Laborbau. 15 Architektenbeiträge zu 15 Entwurfsthemen werden exklusiv für Neufert Leser Online als Videos bereitgestellt.

Modeling and Simulation

Author: Hartmut Bossel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663108228
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is the the English Language Version of the very successful German textbook, "Modellbildung und Simulation". It provides a self-contained and complete guide to the methods and mathematical background of modeling and simulation software of dynamic systems. Furthermore, an appropriate simulation software and a collection of dynamic system models (on the accompanying disk) are highlights of the book/software-Package.Dies ist die englischsprachige Ausgabe des sehr erfolgreichen Lehrbuches "Modellbildung und Simulation". Geboten wird eine vollständige Einführung in die Methoden der Simulation dynamischer Systeme, wobei auch der notwendige mathematische Hintergrund vermittelt wird. Außerdem ist eine Simulationssoftware Bestandteil des Werkes; auf der beiliegenden Diskette befinden sich ferner 50 Beispielsysteme ("Systemzoo"), die zur spielerischen Einübung der verwendeten Verfahren hilfreich sind.