Ecological Numeracy

Author: R. A. Herendeen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471183099
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Master the fundamental math skills necessary to quantify and evaluate a broad range of environmental questions. Environmental issues are often quantitative--how much land, how many people, what amount of pollution. Computer programs are useful, but there is no substitute for being able to use a simple calculation to slice through to the crux of the problem. Having a grasp of how the factors interact and whether the results make sense allows one to explain and argue a point of view forcefully to diverse audiences. With an engaging, down-to-earth style and practical problem-solving approach, Ecological Numeracy makes it easy to understand and master basic mathematical concepts and techniques that are applicable to life-cycle assessment, energy consumption, land use, pollution generation, and a broad range of other environmental issues. Robert Herendeen brings the numbers to life with dozens of fascinating, often entertaining examples and problems. Requiring only a moderate quantitative background, Ecological Numeracy is a superb introduction for advanced undergraduate students in environmental science, planning, geography, and physical and natural sciences. It is also a valuable professional resource for environmental managers, regulators, and administrators.

Principles of Environmental Sciences

Author: Jan J. Boersema
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402091583
Format: PDF, Kindle
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International experts provide a comprehensive picture of the principles, concepts and methods that are applicable to problems originating from the interaction between the living/non-living environment and mankind. Both the analysis of such problems and the way solutions to environmental problems may work in specific societal contexts are addressed. Disciplinary approaches are discussed but there is a focus on multi- and interdisciplinary methods. A large number of practical examples and case studies are presented. There is special emphasis on modelling and integrated assessment. This book is different because it stresses the societal, cultural and historical dimensions of environmental problems. The main objective is to improve the ability to analyse and conceptualise environmental problems in context and to make readers aware of the value and scope of different methods. Ideal as a course text for students, this book will also be of interest to researchers and consultants in the environmental sciences.

Economics of Industrial Ecology

Author: Jeroen C. J. M. van den Bergh
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262220712
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Studies that integrate scientific, technological, and economic dimensions of industrial ecology and material flows.

Biofuels Solar and Wind as Renewable Energy Systems

Author: D. Pimentel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402086547
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The petroleum age began about 150 years ago. Easily available energy has s- ported major advances in agriculture, industry, transportation, and indeed many diverse activities valued by humans. Now world petroleum and natural gas s- plies have peaked and their supplies will slowly decline over the next 40–50 years until depleted. Although small amounts of petroleum and natural gas will remain underground, it will be energetically and economically impossible to extract. In the United States, coal supplies could be available for as long as 40–50 years, depending on how rapidly coal is utilized as a replacement for petroleum and natural gas. Having been comfortable with the security provided by fossil energy, especially petroleum and natural gas, we appear to be slow to recognize the energy crisis in the U. S. and world. Serious energy conservation and research on viable renewable - ergy technologies are needed. Several renewable energy technologies already exist, but sound research is needed to improve their effectiveness and economics. Most of the renewable energy technologies are in uenced by geographic location and face problems of intermittent energy supply and storage. Most renewable technologies require extensive land; a few researchers have even suggested that one-half of all land biomass could be harvested in order to supply the U. S. with 30% of its liquid fuel! Some optimistic investigations of renewable energy have failed to recognize that only 0. 1% of the solar energy is captured annually in the U. S.

Encyclopedia of Energy Gl Ma

Author: Cutler J. Cleveland
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780121764838
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Provides information about all aspects of energy, covering a wealth of areas throughout the natural, social and engineering sciences.