Ecologies of the Heart

Author: E. N. Anderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195358186
Format: PDF, Mobi
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There is much we can learn about conservation from native peoples, says Gene Anderson. While the advanced nations of the West have failed to control overfishing, deforestation, soil erosion, pollution, and a host of other environmental problems, many traditional peoples manage their natural resources quite successfully. And if some traditional peoples mismanage the environment--the irrational value some place on rhino horn, for instance, has left this species endangered--the fact remains that most have found ways to introduce sound ecological management into their daily lives. Why have they succeeded while we have failed? In Ecologies of the Heart, Gene Anderson reveals how religion and other folk beliefs help pre-industrial peoples control and protect their resources. Equally important, he offers much insight into why our own environmental policies have failed and what we can do to better manage our resources. A cultural ecologist, Gene Anderson has spent his life exploring the ways in which different groups of people manage the environment, and he has lived for years in fishing communities in Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, Tahiti, and British Columbia--as well as in a Mayan farmtown in south Mexico--where he has studied fisheries, farming, and forest management. He has concluded that all traditional societies that have managed resources well over time have done so in part through religion--by the use of emotionally powerful cultural symbols that reinforce particular resource management strategies. Moreover, he argues that these religious beliefs, while seeming unscientific, if not irrational, at first glance, are actually based on long observation of nature. To illustrate this insight, he includes many fascinating portraits of native life. He offers, for instance, an intriguing discussion of the Chinese belief system known as Feng-Shui (wind and water) and tells of meeting villagers in remote areas of Hong Kong's New Territories who assert that dragons live in the mountains, and that to disturb them by cutting too sharply into the rock surface would cause floods and landslides (which in fact it does). He describes the Tlingit Indians of the Pacific Northwest, who, before they strip bark from the great cedar trees, make elaborate apologies to spirits they believe live inside the trees, assuring the spirits that they take only what is necessary. And we read of the Maya of southern Mexico, who speak of the lords of the Forest and the Animals, who punish those who take more from the land or the rivers than they need. These beliefs work in part because they are based on long observation of nature, but also, and equally important, because they are incorporated into a larger cosmology, so that people have a strong emotional investment in them. And conversely, Anderson argues that our environmental programs often fail because we have not found a way to engage our emotions in conservation practices. Folk beliefs are often dismissed as irrational superstitions. Yet as Anderson shows, these beliefs do more to protect the environment than modern science does in the West. Full of insights, Ecologies of the Heart mixes anthropology with ecology and psychology, traditional myth and folklore with informed discussions of conservation efforts in industrial society, to reveal a strikingly new approach to our current environmental crises.

Ecology and the Sacred

Author: Roy A. Rappaport
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472111701
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A meaningful homage to an extraordinary anthropologist

Caring for Place

Author: E N Anderson
Publisher: Left Coast Press
ISBN: 1611327601
Format: PDF, Kindle
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How can cultural forms motivate people to care about their environment? While important scientific data about ecosystems is mushrooming, E. N. Anderson argues in this powerful new book that putting effective conservation into practice depends primarily on social solidarity and emotional factors. Marshaling decades of research on cultures across several continents, he shows how societies have been more or less successful in sustainably managing their environments based on collective engagements such as religion, art, song, myth, and story. This provocative and deeply felt book by a leading writer and scholar in human ecology and anthropology will be read and debated widely for years to come.

Everyone Eats

Author: E. N. Anderson
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814789161
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Everyone eats, but rarely do we investigate why we eat what we eat. Why do we love spices, sweets, coffee? How did rice become such a staple food throughout so much of eastern Asia? Everyone Eats examines the social and cultural reasons for our food choices and provides an explanation of the nutritional reasons for why humans eat what they do, resulting in a unique cultural and biological approach to the topic. E. N. Anderson explains the economics of food in the globalization era; food’s relationship to religion, medicine, and ethnicity; and offers suggestions on how to end hunger, starvation, and malnutrition. This thoroughly updated Second Edition incorporates the latest food scholarship, most notably recognizing the impact of sustainable eating advocacy and the state of food security in the world today. Anderson also brings more insight than ever before into the historical and scientific underpinnings of our food customs, fleshing this out with fifteen new and original photographs from his own extensive fieldwork. A perennial classic in the anthropology of food, Everyone Eats feeds our need to understand human ecology by explaining the ways that cultures and political systems structure the edible environment.

Recovering Canada

Author: John Borrows
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487516754
Format: PDF, ePub
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Canada is covered by a system of law and governance that largely obscures and ignores the presence of pre-existing Indigenous regimes. Indigenous law, however, has continuing relevance for both Aboriginal peoples and the Canadian state. In his in-depth examination of the continued existence and application of Indigenous legal values, John Borrows suggests how First Nations laws could be applied by Canadian courts, and tempers this by pointing out the many difficulties that would occur if the courts attempted to follow such an approach. By contrasting and comparing Aboriginal stories and Canadian case law, and interweaving political commentary, Borrows argues that there is a better way to constitute Aboriginal / Crown relations in Canada. He suggests that the application of Indigenous legal perspectives to a broad spectrum of issues that confront us as humans will help Canada recover from its colonial past, and help Indigenous people recover their country. Borrows concludes by demonstrating how Indigenous peoples' law could be more fully and consciously integrated with Canadian law to produce a society where two world views can co-exist and a different vision of the Canadian constitution and citizenship can be created.

The Roots of Environmental Consciousness

Author: Stephen Hussey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134546807
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book examines the roots of contemporary environmental consciousness and action in terms of both popular experience and tradition. A wide range of geographical and thematic case-studies explore the myth, tradition and collective memory that shape our environmental thought. Containing a wealth of empirical source material, this book will be invaluable for sociologists and historians alike.

Indigenous Knowledge Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Author: Raymond Pierotti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136939016
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Indigenous ways of understanding and interacting with the natural world are characterized as Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK), which derives from emphasizing relationships and connections among species. This book examines TEK and its strengths in relation to Western ecological knowledge and evolutionary philosophy. Pierotti takes a look at the scientific basis of this approach, focusing on different concepts of communities and connections among living entities, the importance of understanding the meaning of relatedness in both spiritual and biological creation, and a careful comparison with evolutionary ecology. The text examines the themes and principles informing this knowledge, and offers a look at the complexities of conducting research from an indigenous perspective.

Nature and Culture

Author: Sarah Pilgrim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136532005
Format: PDF
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There is a growing recognition that the diversity of life comprises both biological and cultural diversity. But this division is not universal and, in many cases, has been deepened by the common disciplinary divide between the natural and social sciences and our apparent need to manage and control nature. This book goes beyond divisive definitions and investigates the bridges linking biological and cultural diversity. The international team of authors explore the common drivers of loss, and argue that policy responses should target both forms of diversity in a novel integrative approach to conservation, thus reducing the gap between science, policy and practice. While conserving nature alongside human cultures presents unique challenges, this book forcefully shows that any hope for saving biological diversity is predicated on a concomitant effort to appreciate and protect cultural diversity.

Anthropology and Religion

Author: Robert L. Winzeler
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759110465
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Drawing from ethnographic examples found throughout the world, this text covers what anthropologists know or think about religion, how they have studied it, and how they interpret or explain it. A key text for students of upper division courses in the anthropological study of religion.

People in Nature

Author: Kirsten M. Silvius
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231502087
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book reviews wildlife management and conservation in Central and South America. The book discusses the threats to biodiversity in this area including habitat fragmentation, development, ranching, tourism as well as hunting. The book contains contributions from many local Latin American authors who work there daily and are exposed to the numerous and unique issues that need to be taken into account when talking about conservation in Central and South America. Contributors: abundance and spatial distribution of Orinoco Crocodiles in the Cojedes River sy; Amazonas, Brazil, Augusto Fachin Teran, Richard C. Vogt, and John B. Thorbjarnar; Amazonas, BrazilJoão Paulo Viana, José Maria B. Damasceno, Leandro Castello, Wi; Andrés J. Novaro; Bolivia, Andrew J. Noss and Michael Painter; brocket deer and cattle in the Pantanal, Brazil, Laurenz Pinder; Catherine T. Sahley, Jorge Torres Vargas and Jesús Sánchez Valdivia; Cécile Richard-Hansen and Eric Hansen; Chocó, Colombia, Astrid Ulloa, Claudia Campos, and Heidi Rubio-Torgler; Fishing Effort and Fish Consumption in the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve and i; José A. González; José M. V. Fragoso, Richard E. Bodmer and Kirsten M. Silvius; Kirsten M. Silvius; Laury Cullen Jr., Richard E. Bodmer, Claudio Valladares-Pádua, and Jonathan D. B; Mexico, Eduardo J. Naranjo, Jorge E. Bolaños, Michelle M. Guerra, and Richard E.; overhunting or epidemic?, José M. V. Fragoso; Pablo E. Puertas and Richard E. Bodmer; Peter G. Crawshaw Jr., Jan K. Mähler, Cibele Indrusiak, Sandra M.C. Cavalcanti, ; Richard Bodmer, and Eterzit Pezo Lozano and Tula G. Fang; Richard E. Bodmer and John G. Robinson; Rondônia, Brazil, Rosa M. Lemos de Sá; Sergio Nogueira-Filho and Selene Siqueira da Cunha Nogueira; Wendy R. Townsend; William G. R. Crampton, João Paulo Viana, Leandro Castello and José María B. Dam; William G. R. Crampton, Leandro Castello and João Paulo Viana