Economic and Financial Analysis for Criminal Justice Organizations

Author: Daniel Adrian Doss
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466592079
Format: PDF, ePub
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From small law offices to federal agencies, all entities within the justice system are governed by complicated economic factors and face daily financial decision-making. A complement to Strategic Finance for Criminal Justice Organizations, this volume considers the justice system from a variety of economic and financial perspectives and introduces quantitative methods designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of organizations in both the non-profit and for-profit sectors. Using only a minimum of theory, Economic and Financial Analysis for Criminal Justice Organizations demonstrates how to make decisions in the justice system using multiple financial and economic models. Designed for readers with little knowledge of advanced mathematics, quantitative analysis, or spreadsheets, the book presents examples using straightforward, step-by-step processes with Excel and Linux Calc spreadsheet software. A variety of different types of decisions are considered, ranging from municipal bond issuance and valuation necessary for public revenues, pension planning, capital investment, determining the best use of monies toward construction projects, and other resource planning, allocation, and forecasting issues. From municipalities and police departments to for-profit prisons and security firms, the quantitative methods presented are designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of all organizations in the justice domain.

Strategic Finance for Criminal Justice Organizations

Author: Daniel Adrian Doss
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466559047
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Traditionally, the study of financial decision making in law enforcement and criminal justice entities has been approached from the perspective of tax revenues and budgeting that focus only on the past and present. Capital investments of cash flow provide future benefits to all organizations, and among courses in business administration, these notions of long-term financial management are critical to a sound understanding of organizational finance. Strategic Finance for Criminal Justice Organizations examines capital budgeting techniques from a quantitative perspective that targets the strategic future of revenues within the criminal justice and law enforcement sectors. Explaining capital budgeting concepts through the use of practical examples, this volume discusses: Economics and the use of money as a tool to facilitate the exchange of goods and services Human decision making, impediments to rendering objective decisions, and methods for improving decision objectivity The consequences of making capital budgeting decisions, the concept of risk, and the time value of money The rendering of decisions using the payback time method and the mathematical formula necessary to use it The concept of discounting and decision rules for net present value How to make an internal rate of return financial decision The mathematical formula for the profitability ratio/index method and using it to make financial decisions In all organizations, it is essential that financial decisions are made through informed insight considering all relevant factors. This volume contributes to improvements of the skills that are required to robustly render beneficial, long-term strategic decisions within the law enforcement and criminal justice environment.

Homicide and Violent Crime

Author: Mathieu Deflem
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787148769
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This edited volume includes chapters, written by experts in the field, dealing with the social-scientific study of the causes, patterns, and consequences of violent crime and homicide in the contemporary world. The themes range from domestic abuse to racial violence and killings in the United States and across the world.

The Business of Criminal Justice

Author: Daniel Adrian Doss
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466514558
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Regardless of the type, size, or mission of a criminal justice or law enforcement organization, optimum decision making can be achieved by examining activities and functions from the perspective of traditional business administration. Using profit and nonprofit business models, The Business of Criminal Justice: A Guide for Theory and Practice integrates the two philosophies of traditional management and finance and service-oriented benefit and demonstrates how success in these organizations is dependent on using the proper business model. Topics discussed in this forward-thinking volume include: The basic characteristics of qualitative and quantitative human decisions that affect law enforcement organizations Management theory and the concepts of controlling, coordinating, leading, organizing, and planning Strategic management and long-term decisions that affect law enforcement and justice-related entities for five or more years Quality management and operations management of law enforcement entities The influences of economics on the administration of law enforcement entities Various aspects of mathematical modeling that influence human decision making to fulfill a stated objective Models that support the expending of funds to benefit the organization and its stakeholders while rendering public service Building relationships between the law enforcement entity and society through marketing, branding, and advertising Demonstrating how the concepts of business administration influence law enforcement and government organizations, this volume is a critical decision-making tool for law enforcement and criminal justice entities ranging from small-town sheriff’s offices to large federal enterprises.

EU Criminal Justice Financial Economic Crime

Author: Marc Cools
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9046604381
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This fifth volume of the Governance of Security (GofS) Research Paper series addresses a wide variety of topical issues focusing on European criminal justice and financial and economic crime. The first cluster of articles is concerned with European criminal justice matters particularly relating to EU mutual recognition, such as: conceptualization, unwanted effects in the context of prisoner transfer and sentence execution, impact for cross-border gathering and use of forensic expert evidence, and interrogational fairness standards. A second cluster of articles addresses the subjects of financial and economic crime, ranging from informal economy (among street children) to formal/informal economy (vulnerability of the hotel and catering industry to crime) and white collar crime phenomena like (transnational) environmental crime and corruption. A final cluster groups together a variety of selected topical issues, including juvenile offending and mental disorders, desistance theories, and sexually transmitted infections.

The Oxford Handbook of White Collar Crime

Author: Shanna R. Van Slyke
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199925526
Format: PDF
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Although white-collar crime has caused a substantial amount of damage on both the individual and societal levels, it often ranks below street crime as a matter of public concern. Thus, white-collar crime remains an ambiguous and even controversial topic among academics, with a relative dearth of scholarly focus on the issue. The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime offers a comprehensive treatment of the most up-to-date theories and research regarding white-collar crime. Contributors tackle a vast range of topics, including the impact of white-collar crime, the contexts in which white-collar crime occurs, current crime policies and debates, and examinations of the criminals themselves. The volume concludes with a set of essays that discuss potential responses for controlling white-collar crime, as well as promising new avenues for future research. Uniting conceptual theories, empirical research, and ethnographic data, the Handbook provides the first unified analytic framework on white-collar crime. Given the astronomical aggregate losses to victims, building a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics of white-collar crime is a topic of immediate social concern. The definitive resource on white-collar crime, this Handbook will be a valuable resource for developing both intellectual and policy-related solutions.

The Foundations of Communication in Criminal Justice Systems

Author: Daniel Adrian Doss
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482236575
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Myriad forms of communication occur within the criminal justice system as judges and attorneys speak to juries, law enforcement officers interact with the public, and the news media presents stories of events in courtrooms. Hindrances abound, however. Law enforcement officers and justice system personnel often encounter challenges that affect their ability to communicate with others, ranging from language barriers, to conflicting accounts of witnessed events, to errors caused by malfunctioning technology. Examining the relevancy of the U.S. Constitution to modern communications, The Foundations of Communication in Criminal Justice Systems demonstrates how information is conveyed from multiple perspectives in a range of scenarios, enabling readers to see how these matters relate to and affect the criminal justice system. Topics covered include: How to use the communications process within the justice system from the crafting of messages through the solicitation of feedback Effective methods for persuading individuals and audiences Federal regulations in the workplace and workplace communications tactics How law enforcement and public safety entities use marketing and advertising to influence the general public How to use multimedia resources when communicating Using multiple communications styles to support effective leadership The book concludes with discussions on innovations in communication technology, natural language processing, cybernetics, and other emerging concepts. With an emphasis on logical reasoning in communication, the book explores the perspectives of numerous players in the justice system, from patrol officers to attorneys. Supplemented by examples of written communication templates that can be adapted within a law enforcement organization, it provides readers with solid theoretical and applied approaches to the subject matter.

The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy

Author: Michael Tonry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199844658
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Much of the scholarly literature and principal books on criminal justice and crime control policy take the operations of the criminal justice system, the causes of crime and delinquency, theories about crime and justice, and crime prevention as the central topics for study and policy analysis. But law enforcement and public officials create policy responses to specific crimes, not broad categories of offenses. In order to develop the most effective policies, one needs to understand why particular crimes occur and what approaches might best prevent them or minimize the harm they cause. Taking this fresh perspective, The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy offers a comprehensive examination of crimes as public policy subjects. Michael Tonry, a leading authority on criminology, has brought together the most distinguished active scholars in the field to present a wide-ranging overview and analysis of violent and sexual crimes, property crimes, transactional crimes, transnational crimes, and crimes against morality. The crimes investigated range from often-discussed offenses (homicide, auto theft, sexual violence) to those that only recently began to receive attention (child abuse, domestic violence, environmental crimes); it includes new crimes (identity theft, cybercrime) as well as age-old crimes (drug abuse, gambling, prostitution). Written in a straightforward and accessible manner, each chapter explains why crimes happen, how often, and what we know about efforts to prevent or control them. Aimed at a wide audience of scholars, students, and policy makers, the Handbook is the definitive reference work on crimes and public policy responses to them.

Introduction to Law Enforcement

Author: David H. McElreath
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466556234
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Modern perspectives of law enforcement are both complex and diverse. They integrate management and statistical analysis functions, public and business administration functions, and applications of psychology, natural science, physical fitness, and marksmanship. They also assimilate theories of education, organizational behavior, economics, law and public policy, and many others. Modern law enforcement is a blend of both theoretical knowledge and applied practice that continuously changes through time. With contributions by nine authors offering a diverse presentation, Introduction to Law Enforcement goes beyond the linear perspective found in most law enforcement texts and offers multiple perspectives and discussions regarding both private and public entities. Through this approach, readers gain an understanding of several dimensions of the subject matter. Topics discussed include: Contemporary crime trends Policing ethics Law enforcement history The functions of modern law enforcement agencies Homeland security Public service Human resources The path of a case from arrest through incarceration and post-release Local, state, regional, federal, and tribal law enforcement agencies Private enforcement organizations Adaptable across a wide range of learning environments, the book uses a convenient format organized by agency type. Pedagogical features include learning objectives, case studies, and discussion questions to facilitate reader assimilation of the material. Comprehensive in scope, the text presents a robust consideration of the law enforcement domain.