ECTO NOX Proteins

Author: D. James Morré
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461439582
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume documents this unique family of cell surface proteins. Despite masquerading as intractable and difficult to clone and characterize, ENOX proteins have and continue to offer remarkable opportunities for research, commercial development and outside confirmation of therapeutic, diagnostic and new paradigms to help explain complex biological processes.

Rhythms in Plants

Author: Stefano Mancuso
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331920517X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This second edition of a well-received book focuses on rhythmic behaviour in plants, which regulates all developmental and adaptive responses and can thus be regarded as quintessential to life itself. The chapters provide a timely update on recent advances in this field and comprehensively summarize the current state of knowledge concerning the molecular and physiological mechanisms behind circadian and ultradian oscillations in plants, their physiological implications for growth and development and adaptive responses to a dynamic environment. Written by a diverse group of leading researchers, the book will spark the interest of readers from many branches of science: from physicists and chemists wishing to learn about the multi-faceted rhythms in plants, to biologists and ecologists involved in the state-of-the-art modelling of complex rhythmic phenomena.

Human Body Size and the Laws of Scaling

Author: Thomas T. Samaras
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600214080
Format: PDF
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Several books have been published on scaling in biology and its ramifications in the animal kingdom. However, none has specifically examined the multifaceted effects of how changes in human height create disproportionately larger changes in weight, surface area, strength and other physiological parameters. Yet, the impact of these non-linear effects on individual humans as well as our world's environment is enormous. Since increasing human body size has widespread ramifications, this book presents findings on the human species and its ecological niche. In biology, an ecological niche' refers to the role played by a species in its community and how the species interacts with its environment. Thus, a few chapters provide an ecological overview of how increasing human body size relates to human evolution, fitness, health, survival and the environment. This book provides a unique purview of the laws of scaling on human performance, health, longevity and the environment. Numerous examples from various research disciplines are used to illustrate the impact of increasing body size on many aspects of human enterprises, including work output, athletics and intellectual performance.

The Fourth Conference of the International Coenzyme Q10 Association

Author: G. P. Littarru
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586036379
Format: PDF, Docs
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"This publication is focused on coenzyme Q. The topics span from biochemical aspects to biomedical implications and clinical use of CoQ10. Several papers are focused on bioenergetics and on biosynthesis; new work is presented on the existence of supercomplexes of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and the role of coenzyme Q diffusion in membranes. The antioxidant aspects as well as the non-mitochondrial electron transport systems are addressed. Coenzyme Q biosynthesis is more deeply investigated in yeast and in Caenorhabditis elegans. Some articles refer to plasma and tissue concentrations of CoQ10, including values in childhood. Physiological and clinical issues are also deeply investigated: they confirm the use of coenzyme Q10 as a coadjuvant in the treatment of different pathologies involving energy deficiency or oxidative stress. Studies on cardiovascular disease and on neurological syndromes are reported. The effect of CoQ10 administration on ageing is addressed in some animal models. Moreover clinical trials are presented on new fields, for CoQ research, such as age-related macular degeneration and idiopathic asthenozoospermia. This book provides a deeper insight into the multifaceted use of Coenzyme Q and is of interest to a large number of readers working in different biochemical and medical fields."

Functional Foods

Author: Maria Saarela
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092553
Format: PDF
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The first edition of Functional foods: Concept to product quickly established itself as an authoritative and wide-ranging guide to the functional foods area. There has been a remarkable amount of research into health-promoting foods in recent years and the market for these types of products has also developed. Thoroughly revised and updated, this major new edition contains over ten additional chapters on significant topics including omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, consumers and health claims and functional foods for obesity prevention. Part one provides an overview of key general issues including definitions of functional foods and legislation in the EU, the US and Asia. Part two focuses on functional foods and health investigating conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, obesity and infectious diseases as well as and the impact of functional foods on cognition and bone health. Part three looks at the development of functional food products. Topics covered include maximising the functional benefits of plant foods, dietary fibre, functional dairy and soy products, probiotics and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Functional foods: Concept to product is a valuable reference tool for health professionals and scientists in the functional foods industry and to students and researchers interested in functional foods. Provides an overview of key general issues including definitions of functional foods and legislation in the EU, the US and Asia Focuses on functional foods and health investigating conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, obesity and infectious diseases Examines the development of functional food products featuring maximising the functional benefits of plant foods, dietary fibre, functional dairy and soy products

Role of Capsaicin in Oxidative Stress and Cancer

Author: Sanjay K. Srivastava
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400763174
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book describes the mechanism of the anti-cancer effects of capsaicin including the involvement of cytochrome P-450 in the bioactivation; identification of mitochondria as the key target site for oxidative stress; involvement of mitochondrial respiratory chain in the production of ROS; prevention of chemically-induced carcinogenesis, discussion on TRPV-1 receptor mediated or independent anti-cancer effects; identification of p53 activation as a possible mechanism; involvement of Cox-2 in apoptosis, suppression of transcription factors such as NF-kB and STAT-3; inhibition of cell survival pathways including PI3K/Akt and the involvement of intrinsic mitochondrial cell death pathway.

Instant Notes in Genetics

Author: Hugh Fletcher
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1134184557
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The third edition of Instant Notes in Genetics focuses on the core concepts of human and molecular genetics. There is an increased emphasis on genomics, reflected in new material and the reorganisation of the contents - there is a section on Genomes that includes material on the completed genome projects. There is also more detail on human evolution.

Polyphenols for Cancer Treatment Or Prevention

Author:
Publisher: Mdpi AG
ISBN: 9783038426486
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Polyphenols are commonly found in fruits and vegetables, and have been suggested to have protective effects against chronic diseases, such as cancers. They are a diverse group of molecules, many of which possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, epigenetic, drug sensitization, and/or modulation of xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme properties. However, there is mixed evidence regarding their protective effects with respect to various cancers. Some of this controversy may be due to the combination of polyphenols administered, synergistic effects of accompanying compounds, bio-accessibility, bioavailability, effect of gut microbiota, and the type of cancer investigated. The purpose of this Special Issue is to present the recent evidence for the effect of polyphenol intake on cancer, as well as mechanisms of action. This Special Issue, entitled "Polyphenols for Cancer Treatment or Prevention," welcomes manuscript submissions of original research, meta-analyses, or reviews of the scientific literature. Authors should focus their manuscripts on polyphenol bioactives or dietary patterns naturally rich in polyphenols that have been identified and used for the prevention and or treatment of cancer.