Education in Egypt RLE Egypt

Author: Judith Cochran
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135091366
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Egyptian education is a central, social and economic force in the Middle East. For hundreds of years Al Azhar University has been the centre of Islamic thinking and education. More recently Egypt became the leader in secular education as Mohammed Ali established the first medical, veterinarian, engineering and accounting schools in the Middle East. Nasser expanded Egyptian educational leadership by providing free education for Muslem students from neighbouring countries. The extensive exportation of Egyptian educators to initiate and educate in schools and universities throughout the Arab speaking world has shaped the secular and religious leaders of those countries. This book traces the history of Egyptian education over the last hundred years and highlights the key factors which have given Egyptian education its particular quality and influence within the Arab world. First published 1986.

Education in Modern Egypt RLE Egypt

Author: Georgie D.M. Hyde
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135091293
Format: PDF, Docs
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This study gives a comprehensive account of the evolution of the educational system in Modern Egypt, set against the events of the last twenty five years. From the Revolution of 1952, which saw the breakdown of the party system, seen as ‘sham democracy’, to the re-adoption of the party system in 1976, the Egyptian government has searched for an ideal system that is secular, but not irreligious, and benefitting from, but not copying, the western or eastern models. Professor Hyde has analysed the problems of the educational system, administrative, institutional, theoretical and practical, and related them to Egypt’s urgent need to modernise the state, and to improve the quality of life of her hitherto deprived masses. The deficiencies of the system are discussed with emphasis on the attempts to provide solutions, mainly within the framework of reformed institutions. Informal and private education, literacy campaigns, women’s aspirations and student welfare are all considered, as are policies and plans for the immediate and long-term solutions of Egypt’s problems. The analysis also takes into account socio-economic factors in post-Revolutionary Egypt which not only constitute instruments of change in Egyptian society but also provide the restraints which prevent the rapid translation of educational ideals into reality. First published 1978.

Greek Political Theory Routledge Library Editions Political Science Volume 18

Author: Sir Ernest Barker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135026858
Format: PDF, Docs
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Much has been written about the interpretation of Plato in the last thirty years. Once interpreted as a revolutionary of the left, and a prophet of Socialism, he has lately been interpreted as a revolutionary of the Right and a forerunner of Fascism. In this book Plato appears as himself – a revolutionary indeed, and even an authoritarian, but a revolutionary of the pure idea of the Good, and an authoritarian of the pure reason, unattached either to the Right or the Left.

The Routledge Encyclopedia of Walt Whitman

Author: J.R. LeMaster
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136700706
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Routledge Encyclopedia of Walt Whitman presents a comprehensive resource complied by over 200 internationally recognized contributors, including such leading Whitman scholars as James E. Miller, Jr., Roger Asselineau, Betsy Erkkila, and Joel Myerson. Now available for the first time in paperback, this volume comprises more than 750 entries arranged in convenient alphabetical format. Coverage includes: biographical information: all names, dates, places, and events important to understanding Whitman's life and career Whitman's works: essays on all eight editions of "Leaves of Grass," major poems and poem clusters, principal essays and prose works, as well as his more than two dozen short stories and the novel, Franklin Evans prominent themes and concepts: essays on such major topics as democracy, slavery, the Civil War, immortality, sexuality, and the women's rights movement. significant forms and techniques: such as prosody, symbolism, free verse, and humour important trends and critical approaches in Whitman studies: including new historicist and cultural criticism, psychological explorations, and controversial issues of sexual identity surveys of Whitman's international impact as well as an assessment of his literary legacy. Useful for students, researchers, librarians, teachers, and Whitman devotees, this volume features extensive cross-references, numerous photographs of the poet, a chronology, a special appendix section tracking the poet's genealogy, and a thorough index. Each entry includes a bibliography for further study.

Islamic Financial Markets Rle Banking and Finance

Author: Rodney Wilson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415530199
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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When it was originally published this volume was the first comprehensive survey of the experience of Islamic banking throughout the Muslim world in Turkey, Egypt, Kuwait, Jordan, Sudan, iran, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. Drawing comparisons between the countries in economic terms, it shows that the success of Islamic banks to a large extent reflects the immediate political environment. The complete Islamization of the financial systems of the more fundamentalist countries of Iran and Pakistan is compared with the divide between conventional interest-based systems and the new Islamic banks in Kuwait, Turkey, Egypt, Sudan and Jordan. Islamic Financial Markets explores both international Islamic finance and the national markets in which Islamic banks operate, raising for the first time the issue of competition in Islamic banking. It also looks to the future, to retail development and wholesale possibilities which seem to be the next step forward in Islamic finance. Setting the subject in historical, religious and economic perspective, the book offers a comprehensive survey of the successful adaptation of an ancient financial system to meet the requirements of modern commerce.

The Mamluks in Egyptian and Syrian Politics and Society

Author: Michael Winter
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004132863
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume is a collection of studies by leading historians on central aspects of the Mamluk Empire of Egypt and Syria (1250-1517), and of Ottoman Egypt (16th-18th century) where the Mamluks survived under the Ottoman suzerainty.