Effective Computational Methods for Wave Propagation

Author: Nikolaos A. Kampanis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420010879
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Due to the increase in computational power and new discoveries in propagation phenomena for linear and nonlinear waves, the area of computational wave propagation has become more significant in recent years. Exploring the latest developments in the field, Effective Computational Methods for Wave Propagation presents several modern, valuable computational methods used to describe wave propagation phenomena in selected areas of physics and technology. Featuring contributions from internationally known experts, the book is divided into four parts. It begins with the simulation of nonlinear dispersive waves from nonlinear optics and the theory and numerical analysis of Boussinesq systems. The next section focuses on computational approaches, including a finite element method and parabolic equation techniques, for mathematical models of underwater sound propagation and scattering. The book then offers a comprehensive introduction to modern numerical methods for time-dependent elastic wave propagation. The final part supplies an overview of high-order, low diffusion numerical methods for complex, compressible flows of aerodynamics. Concentrating on physics and technology, this volume provides the necessary computational methods to effectively tackle the sources of problems that involve some type of wave motion.

Interactive Dynamic System Simulation Second Edition

Author: Granino A. Korn
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439836439
Format: PDF
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A hands-on tutorial, covering interactive simulation of dynamical systems such as aerospace vehicles, power plants, chemical processes, control systems, and physiological systems. In practice, simulation experiments are employed for iterative decision-making, whereby programs are run, modified, and run again and again. It is very important to emphasize interactive simulation programming. To this end, the user-friendly Microsoft Windows 95 interface is combined with the DESIRE (Direct Executing Simulation) language. The first chapter introduces dynamical system models and the principles of differential-equation-solving problems. The following chapters provide a tutorial on effective simulation programming, with examples from physics, aerospace, engineering, population dynamics, and physiology. The remaining chapters provide more detailed programming know-how.

Genetic Algorithms and Genetic Programming

Author: Michael Affenzeller
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420011326
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Genetic Algorithms and Genetic Programming: Modern Concepts and Practical Applications discusses algorithmic developments in the context of genetic algorithms (GAs) and genetic programming (GP). It applies the algorithms to significant combinatorial optimization problems and describes structure identification using HeuristicLab as a platform for algorithm development. The book focuses on both theoretical and empirical aspects. The theoretical sections explore the important and characteristic properties of the basic GA as well as main characteristics of the selected algorithmic extensions developed by the authors. In the empirical parts of the text, the authors apply GAs to two combinatorial optimization problems: the traveling salesman and capacitated vehicle routing problems. To highlight the properties of the algorithmic measures in the field of GP, they analyze GP-based nonlinear structure identification applied to time series and classification problems. Written by core members of the HeuristicLab team, this book provides a better understanding of the basic workflow of GAs and GP, encouraging readers to establish new bionic, problem-independent theoretical concepts. By comparing the results of standard GA and GP implementation with several algorithmic extensions, it also shows how to substantially increase achievable solution quality.

Insights and Innovations in Structural Engineering Mechanics and Computation

Author: Alphose Zingoni
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1317280628
Format: PDF, Docs
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Insights and Innovations in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation comprises 360 papers that were presented at the Sixth International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2016, Cape Town, South Africa, 5-7 September 2016). The papers reflect the broad scope of the SEMC conferences, and cover a wide range of engineering structures (buildings, bridges, towers, roofs, foundations, offshore structures, tunnels, dams, vessels, vehicles and machinery) and engineering materials (steel, aluminium, concrete, masonry, timber, glass, polymers, composites, laminates, smart materials). Some contributions present the latest insights and new understanding on (i) the mechanics of structures and systems (dynamics, vibration, seismic response, instability, buckling, soil-structure interaction), and (ii) the mechanics of materials and fluids (elasticity, plasticity, fluid-structure interaction, flow through porous media, biomechanics, fracture, fatigue, bond, creep, shrinkage). Other contributions report on (iii) recent advances in computational modelling and testing (numerical simulations, finite-element modeling, experimental testing), and (iv) developments and innovations in structural engineering (planning, analysis, design, construction, assembly, maintenance, repair and retrofitting of structures). Insights and Innovations in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation is particularly of interest to civil, structural, mechanical, marine and aerospace engineers. Researchers, developers, practitioners and academics in these disciplines will find the content useful. Short versions of the papers, intended to be concise but self-contained summaries of the full papers, are collected in the book, while the full versions of the papers are on the accompanying CD.

Elastic Waves in Anisotropic Laminates

Author: G.R. Liu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420040999
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation (NDE) plays an increasingly important role in determining properties and detecting defects in composite materials, and the analysis of wave behavior is crucial to effectively using NDE techniques. The complexity of elastic wave propagation in anisotropic media has led to a reliance on numerical methods of analysis-methods that are often quite time-consuming and whose results yield even further difficulties in extracting explicit phenomena and characteristics. Innovative and insightful, Elastic Waves in Anisotropic Laminates establishes a set of high-performance, analytical-numerical methods for elastic wave analysis of anisotropic layered structures. The treatment furnishes a comprehensive introduction, sound theoretical development, and applications to smart materials, plates, and shells. The techniques, detailed in both the time and frequency domains, include methods that combine the finite element method (FEM) with the Fourier transform approach and the strip element method (SEM). These -methods can also be used for expediently finding the Green's function for anisotropic laminates useful for inverse problems related to wave propagation, and methods for inverse analyses, including conjugate gradient methods, and genetic algorithms are also introduced. The text is complemented by many examples generated using software codes based on the techniques developed. Filled with charts and illustrations, Elastic Waves in Anisotropic Laminates is accessible even to readers from non-engineering backgrounds and offers a unique opportunity to discover methods that can lead to an understanding of the dynamic characteristics and wave motion behaviors of advanced composite materials.

Electromagnetic Field Computation by Network Methods

Author: Leopold B. Felsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540939466
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this monograph, the authors propose a systematic and rigorous treatment of electromagnetic field representations in complex structures. The architecture suggested in this book accommodates use of different numerical methods as well as alternative Green's function representations in each of the subdomains resulting from a partitioning of the overall problem. The subdomains are regions of space where electromagnetic energy is stored and are described in terms of equivalent circuit representations based either on lumped element circuits or on transmission lines. Connection networks connect the subcircuits representing the subdomains. The connection networks are lossless, don't store energy and represent the overall problem topology. This is similar to what is done in circuit theory and permits a phrasing of the solution of EM field problems in complex structures by Network-oriented methods.

Time Domain Electromagnetics

Author: Sadasiva M. Rao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080519241
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Time Domain Electromagnetics deals with a specific technique in electromagnetics within the general area of electrical engineering. This mathematical method has become a standard for a wide variety of applications for design and problem solving. This method of analysis in electromagnetics is directly related to advances in cellular and mobile communications technology, as well as traditional EM areas such as radar, antennas, and wave propagation. Most of the material is available in the research journals which is difficult for a non-specialist to locate, read, understand, and effectively use for the problem at hand. Only book currently available to practicing engineers and research scientists exclusively devoted to this subject Includes contributions by the world's leading experts in electromagnetics Presents the most popular methods used in time domain analysis are included at one place with thorough discussion of the methods in an easily understandable style In each chapter, many simple and practical examples are discussed thoroughly to illustrate the salient points of the material presented All chapters are written in a consistent style that allows the book to be of use for self-study by professionals as well as for use in a graduate-level course in electrical engineering

Quantitative Information Fusion for Hydrological Sciences

Author: Xing Cai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540753834
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this rapidly evolving world of knowledge and technology, do you ever wonder how hydrology is catching up? Here, two highly qualified scientists edit a volume that takes the angle of computational hydrology and envision one of the science’s future directions – namely, the quantitative integration of high-quality hydrologic field data with geologic, hydrologic, chemical, atmospheric, and biological information to characterize and predict natural systems in hydrological sciences.