Eisenhower s Sputnik Moment

Author: Yanek Mieczkowski
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801467926
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In a critical Cold War moment, Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency suddenly changed when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the world's first satellite. What Ike called "a small ball" became a source of Russian pride and propaganda, and it wounded him politically, as critics charged that he responded sluggishly to the challenge of space exploration. Yet Eisenhower refused to panic after Sputnik-and he did more than just stay calm. He helped to guide the United States into the Space Age, even though Americans have given greater credit to John F. Kennedy for that achievement. In Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment, Yanek Mieczkowski examines the early history of America's space program, reassessing Eisenhower's leadership. He details how Eisenhower approved breakthrough satellites, supported a new civilian space agency, signed a landmark science education law, and fostered improved relations with scientists. These feats made Eisenhower's post-Sputnik years not the flop that critics alleged but a time of remarkable progress, even as he endured the setbacks of recession, medical illness, and a humiliating first U.S. attempt to launch a satellite. Eisenhower's principled stands enabled him to resist intense pressure to boost federal spending, and he instead pursued his priorities-a balanced budget, prosperous economy, and sturdy national defense. Yet Sputnik also altered the world's power dynamics, sweeping Eisenhower in directions that were new, even alien, to him, and he misjudged the importance of space in the Cold War's "prestige race." By contrast, Kennedy capitalized on the issue in the 1960 election, and after taking office he urged a manned mission to the moon, leaving Eisenhower to grumble over the young president's aggressive approach. Offering a fast-paced account of this Cold War episode, Mieczkowski demonstrates that Eisenhower built an impressive record in space and on earth, all the while offering warnings about America's stature and strengths that still hold true today.

Envisioning the Arab Future

Author: Nathan J. Citino
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108107559
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Decades before 9/11 and the 'Arab Spring', US and Arab elites contended over the future of the Middle East. Through unprecedented research in Arabic and English, Envisioning the Arab Future details how Americans and Arabs - nationalists, Islamists, and communists - disputed the meaning of modernization within a shared set of Cold War-era concepts. Faith in linear progress, the idea that society functioned as a 'system', and a fascination with speed united officials and intellectuals who were otherwise divided by language and politics. This book assesses the regional implications of US power while examining a range of topics that transcends the Arab-Israeli conflict, including travel, communities, gender, oil, agriculture, Iraqi nationalism, Nasser's Arab Socialism, and hijackings in both the United States and the Middle East. By uncovering a shared history of modernization between Arabs and Americans, Envisioning the Arab Future challenges assumptions about a 'clash of civilizations' and profoundly reinterprets the antecedents of today's crises.

The Age of Eisenhower

Author: William I Hitchcock
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1451698437
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A New York Times bestseller, this is the “outstanding” (The Atlantic), insightful, and authoritative account of Dwight Eisenhower’s presidency. Drawing on newly declassified documents and thousands of pages of unpublished material, The Age of Eisenhower tells the story of a masterful president guiding the nation through the great crises of the 1950s, from McCarthyism and the Korean War through civil rights turmoil and Cold War conflicts. This is a portrait of a skilled leader who, despite his conservative inclinations, found a middle path through the bitter partisanship of his era. At home, Eisenhower affirmed the central elements of the New Deal, such as Social Security; fought the demagoguery of Senator Joseph McCarthy; and advanced the agenda of civil rights for African-Americans. Abroad, he ended the Korean War and avoided a new quagmire in Vietnam. Yet he also charted a significant expansion of America’s missile technology and deployed a vast array of covert operations around the world to confront the challenge of communism. As he left office, he cautioned Americans to remain alert to the dangers of a powerful military-industrial complex that could threaten their liberties. Today, presidential historians rank Eisenhower fifth on the list of great presidents, and William Hitchcock’s “rich narrative” (The Wall Street Journal) shows us why Ike’s stock has risen so high. He was a gifted leader, a decent man of humble origins who used his powers to advance the welfare of all Americans. Now more than ever, with this “complete and persuasive assessment” (Booklist, starred review), Americans have much to learn from Dwight Eisenhower.

U S Civilian Space Policy Priorities

Author: Deborah D. Stine
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437919618
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The ¿space age¿ began on Oct. 4, 1957, when the USSR launched Sputnik, the world¿s first artificial satellite. A set of fundamental factors gave importance and urgency to the advancement of space tech. These 4 factors include: the need to explore and discover; nat. defense; prestige and confidence in our S&T systems; and scientific observation and experimentation. Contents of this report: Sputnik and America¿s ¿Sputnik Moment¿; Why Was Sputnik so Influential?; Why is Sputnik Important to Today¿s Policies?; What are the Activities of Other Nations and the Commercial Sector in Space Exploration (SE)?; What is the Nation¿s Current Civilian Space Policy?; Why Invest in SE?; What is the Public¿s Attitude Toward SE? Charts and tables.

Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s

Author: Yanek Mieczkowski
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813172055
Format: PDF, Mobi
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History has not been kind to Gerald Ford. His name evokes an image of either America’s only unelected president, who abruptly pardoned his corrupt predecessor, or an accident-prone man who failed to provide skilled leadership to a country in domestic turmoil. In Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s, historian Yanek Mieczkowski reexamines Ford’s two and a half years in office, showing that his presidency successfully confronted the most vexing crises of the postwar era. Surveying the state of America in the 1970s, Mieczkowski focuses on the economic challenges facing the country. He argues that Ford’s understanding of the national economy was better than that of any other modern president, that Ford oversaw a dramatic reduction of inflation, and that his attempts to solve the energy crisis were based in sound economic principles. Throughout his presidency, Ford labored under the legacy of Watergate. Democrats scored landslide victories in the 1974 midterm elections, and the president engaged with a spirited opposition Congress. Within an anemic Republican Party, the right wing challenged Ford’s leadership, even as pundits predicted the death of the GOP. Yet Ford reinvigorated the party and fashioned a 1976 campaign strategy against Jimmy Carter that brought him from thirty points behind to a dead heat on election day. Mieczkowski draws on numerous personal interviews with the former president, cabinet officials, and members of the Ninety-fourth Congress. In his reassessment of this underrated president, Ford emerges as a skilled executive, an effective diplomat, and a leader with a clear vision for America’s future. Working to heal a divided nation, Ford unified the GOP and laid the groundwork for the Republican resurgence in subsequent decades. The first major work on the former president to appear in more than ten years, Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s combines the best of biography and economic, social, and presidential history to create an intriguing portrait of a president, his times, and his legacy.

Hidden Figures Unerkannte Heldinnen

Author: Margot Lee Shetterly
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 3959676433
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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1943 stellt das Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory der NACA,die später zur NASA wird, erstmalig afroamerikanische Frauen ein. "Menschliche Rechner" - unter ihnen Dorothy Vaughan, die 1953 Vorgesetzte der brillanten afroamerikanischen Mathematikerin Katherine Johnson wird. Trotz Diskriminierung und Vorurteilen, treiben sie die Forschungen der NASA voran und Katherine Johnsons Berechnungen werden maßgeblich für den Erfolg der Apollo-Missionen. Dies ist ihre Geschichte. "Mit dieser unglaublich mitreißenden und vielschichtigen Erzählung zeigt Shetterly ihr Können. Die Geschichte begeistert in allen Aspekten." Booklist

Geburtsurkunde

Author: Mark Thompson
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446249575
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Einige Jahre vor seinem Tod hat Danilo Kis auf wenigen Seiten einen Abriss seines Lebens geschrieben, dem er den Titel "Geburtsurkunde" gab. Der Osteuropakenner Mark Thompson nimmt diesen Text auf virtuose Weise als Vorlage für seine fundierte und vorzüglich lesbare Biografie des Schriftstellers. Sein Buch erzählt nicht nur das Leben von Danilo Kis, sondern ist zugleich eine Werkbiographie und vermittelt den besonderen Zusammenhang von Geschichte und Literatur in Mittel- und Osteuropa. "Mark Thompsons Kompetenz auf diesem Gebiet ist atemberaubend." (Adam Zagajewski)

Here Comes Trouble

Author: Michael Moore
Publisher: Piper Verlag
ISBN: 349295605X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Eine unvergessliche, atemberaubende Reise durch das Leben und die Zeiten von Michael Moore. Der Bestseller-Autor schreibt darüber, wie er mit Bobby Kennedy im Aufzug fuhr und was er mit katholischen Priestern erlebte. Er erzählt, wie er damals die Berliner Mauer einreißen half und natürlich darüber, wie er seine eigene feierliche Oscar-Verleihung störte und was er mit Ronald Reagan in Bitburg zu tun hatte.