The Western Codification of Criminal Law

Author: Aniceto Masferrer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319719122
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume addresses an important historiographical gap by assessing the respective contributions of tradition and foreign influences to the 19th century codification of criminal law. More specifically, it focuses on the extent of French influence – among others – in European and American civil law jurisdictions. In this regard, the book seeks to dispel a number of myths concerning the French model’s actual influence on European and Latin American criminal codes. The impact of the Napoleonic criminal code on other jurisdictions was real, but the scope and extent of its influence were significantly less than has sometimes been claimed. The overemphasis on French influence on other civil law jurisdictions is partly due to a fundamental assumption that modern criminal codes constituted a break with the past. The question as to whether they truly broke with the past or were merely a degree of reform touches on a difficult issue, namely, the dichotomy between tradition and foreign influences in the codification of criminal law. Scholarship has unfairly ignored this important subject, an oversight that this book remedies.

Prisi n y alternativas en el nuevo C digo Penal tras la reforma 2015

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 8491480889
Format: PDF
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Este libro tiene como objetivo el estudio y discusión de una parte central —la relativa a la penas— de las novedades introducidas por las LO 1/2015 y LO 2/2015 de reforma del Código Penal y de los delitos de terrorismo, respectivamente, que ya entraron en vigor el 1 de julio de 2015. El derecho penal se encuentra sometido a un proceso de cambio permanente que, si bien hace tan sólo unas décadas era de índole excepcional, se ha convertido en una característica estructural y permanente. Los cambios legislativos se multiplican y se aceleran con cada elección de un nuevo gobierno, convirtiéndose la política criminal en una de las principales políticas simbólicas como instrumento primario de comunicación con el electorado. El primado de la voluntad comunicativa de los procesos de reforma ha desplazado el papel y la dimensión técnica hasta el punto de que las reformas, al menos en el Estado español, prescinden de un análisis detenido de los cambios propuestos y su contraste con —inexistentes— evaluaciones de otras reformas previamente realizadas. El objetivo de esta contribución es precisamente analizar los cambios que se impulsan a través de las citadas LO 1 y 2/2015, con particular atención a todo lo que tiene que ver con el nuevo diseño de la regulación de las penas. Serán por ello objeto de estudio el propio proceso legislativo de reforma, la prisión permanente revisable –desde una óptica comparada, con especial atención a la regulación austríaca y a la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos–, la libertad vigilada, las medidas de seguridad y los pronósticos de peligrosidad, la suspensión de la ejecución de la pena privativa de libertad y otras alternativas a la prisión, la supresión de las faltas y las últimas modificaciones en materia de responsabilidad de las personas jurídicas. Jon-Mirena Landa Gorostiza es catedrático –acreditado– de Derecho Penal en la Facultad de Derecho –Bizkaia– de la Universidad del País Vasco (UVP-EHU) y es director de la Cátedra de Derechos Humanos y Poderes Públicos de la UPV/EHU. Sus principales líneas de investigación tienen que ver con el racismo, la xenofobia, la discriminación, así como con los delitos de odio, terrorismo, crímenes contra la humanidad y penología. En la actualidad dirige un grupo de investigación financiado por el Gobierno español (I+D+I DER 2015-64599-P) en materia de sanciones penales desde una óptica comparada con especial atención a los delitos de odio y de terrorismo.

Money and the Governance of Punishment

Author: Patricia Faraldo Cabana
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1134872577
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Money is the most frequently means used in the legal system to punish and regulate. Monetary penalties outnumber all other sanctions delivered by criminal justice in many jurisdictions, imprisonment included. More people pay fines than go to prison and in some jurisdictions many of those in prison are there because of failure to pay their fines. Therefore, it is surprising how little has been written in the Anglophone academic world about the nature of money sanctions and their specific characteristics as legal sanctions. In many ways, legal innovations related to money sanctions have been poorly understood. This book argues that they are a direct consequence of the changing meaning of money. Considering the ‘meaninglessness’ of modern money, the book aims to examine the history of changing conceptions in how fines have been conceived and used. Using a set of interpretative techniques sensitive to how money and freedom are perceived, the genealogy of the penal fine is presented as a story of constant reformulation in response to shifting political pressures and changes in intellectual developments that influenced ideological commitments of legislators and practitioners. This book is multi-disciplinary and will appeal to those engaged with criminology, sociology and philosophy of punishment, socio-legal studies, and criminal law.

Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture

Author: Eamonn J. Rodgers
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415131871
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Some 750 alphabetically-arranged entries provide insights into the cultural and political features of contemporary Spain. Including Catalonia, Galicia and the Basque country, coverage spans from 1939 to the present.

Religion and Law in Spain

Author: Javier Martínez-Torrón
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9403500441
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Derived from the renowned multi-volume International Encyclopaedia of Laws, this convenient resource provides systematic information on how Spain deals with the role religion plays or can play in society, the legal status of religious communities and institutions, and the legal interaction among religion, culture, education, and media. After a general introduction describing the social and historical background, the book goes on to explain the legal framework in which religion is approached. Coverage proceeds from the principle of religious freedom through the rights and contractual obligations of religious communities; international, transnational, and regional law effects; and the legal parameters affecting the influence of religion in politics and public life. Also covered are legal positions on religion in such specific fields as church financing, labour and employment, and matrimonial and family law. A clear and comprehensive overview of relevant legislation and legal doctrine make the book an invaluable reference source and very useful guide. Succinct and practical, this book will prove to be of great value to practitioners in the myriad instances where a law-related religious interest arises in Spain. Academics and researchers will appreciate its value as a thorough but concise treatment of the legal aspects of diversity and multiculturalism in which religion plays such an important part.

Who s Who in Spain 2006 Edition

Author: Who's Who in Italy S. R. L.
Publisher: Who's Who In Italy
ISBN: 9788885246607
Format: PDF, Docs
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Containing thousands of individual biographical profiles along with analyses of careers and currently held posts, this two-volume set contains valuable information for entrepreneurs and managers, international trade executives, financial groups, governments, embassies, and academic institutions throughout the world. This edition includes 3,600 biographical listings and is updated to include the new members elected to the Spanish and European parliaments as well as overviews of political, intellectual, social, and scientific culture in Spain. In addition, 2,100 institutional profiles highlight the objectives, technologies, international reach, and corporate philosophy of each institution listed. Numerous cross-references between individual and corporate profiles provide even more information about Spain's business world.

Introducci n a la responsabilidad penal de las personas jur dicas en el sistema espa ol e book

Author: Manuel Gómez Tomillo
Publisher: Lex Nova
ISBN: 849898274X
Format: PDF, Docs
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El trabajo aborda con amplitud la responsabilidad penal de las personas jurídicas introducidas definitivamente en el derecho positivo español a raíz de la reforma operada por medio de la Ley Orgánica 5/2010, de 22 de junio. A tal efecto, se proporcionan los instrumentos técnicos necesarios para acercarse al nuevo sistema que hasta la fecha carecía tanto de estudios específicos como de precedentes jurisprudenciales. No obstante, en la medida en que en el Derecho administrativo sancionador ya se conocía el fenómeno paralelo de la responsabilidad de las entidades, se realizan frecuentes excursos el estado del debate doctrinal y jurisprudencial en ese preciso campo, el cual constituye una referencia obligada.Además la obra cuenta con exhaustivas referencias bibliográficas y unos cuidados índices, tanto sistemáticos como por materias, para facilitar la consulta.Este libro es una obra verdaderamente útil para quien se quiera acercar a la compleja problemática que se deriva de esta muy significativa novedad legislativa.

Empire to Nation

Author: Joseph W. Esherick
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 0742578151
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The fall of empires and the rise of nation-states was a defining political transition in the making of the modern world. Here, ten prominent specialists discuss the empire-to-nation transition in comparative perspective. Chapters on Latin America, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, Russia, and China illustrate both the common features and the diversity of the transition. While previous studies have focused on the rise and fall of empires or on nationalism and the process of nation-building, this intriguing volume concentrates on the empire-to-nation transition itself.