Electing to Fight

Author: Edward D. Mansfield
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026226384X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Does the spread of democracy really contribute to international peace? Successive U. S. administrations have justified various policies intended to promote democracy not only by arguing that democracy is intrinsically good but by pointing to a wide range of research concluding that democracies rarely, if ever, go to war with one another. To promote democracy, the United States has provided economic assistance, political support, and technical advice to emerging democracies in Eastern and Central Europe, and it has attempted to remove undemocratic regimes through political pressure, economic sanctions, and military force. In Electing to Fight, Edward Mansfield and Jack Snyder challenge the widely accepted basis of these policies by arguing that states in the early phases of transitions to democracy are more likely than other states to become involved in war.Drawing on both qualitative and quantitative analysis, Mansfield and Snyder show that emerging democracies with weak political institutions are especially likely to go to war. Leaders of these countries attempt to rally support by invoking external threats and resorting to belligerent, nationalist rhetoric. Mansfield and Snyder point to this pattern in cases ranging from revolutionary France to contemporary Russia. Because the risk of a state's being involved in violent conflict is high until democracy is fully consolidated, Mansfield and Snyder argue, the best way to promote democracy is to begin by building the institutions that democracy requires -- such as the rule of law -- and only then encouraging mass political participation and elections. Readers will find this argument particularly relevant to prevailing concerns about the transitional government in Iraq. Electing to Fight also calls into question the wisdom of urging early elections elsewhere in the Islamic world and in China.

Communitarian Foreign Policy

Author: Nikolas K. Gvosdev
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351527444
Format: PDF
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This volume establishes Amitai Etzioni's communitarian approach to international relations as a distinct school of American foreign policy thought. Nikolas K. Gvosdev systematically evaluates Etzioni's ideas, tracing their origins during the Cold War and their relevance to current challenges in Asia and the Middle East, and considering their strengths and weaknesses.Etzioni agrees with liberal internationalists who believe that traditional notions of state sovereignty are eroding and that a new set of global norms is required. However, he argues against the imposition of Western policies on the rest of the world, which he sees as a recipe for conflict which the United States cannot afford. He warns against the post-Cold War triumphalism, arguing that it undercuts efforts to find necessary common ground with both Russia and China. An enduring and stable global architecture cannot be maintained unless it appeals to the interests of a broad community of nations. The trust that is needed for forming closer associations between nations and to have a productive dialogue on human rights can only come about through the voluntary coordination of states forced to combat an increasing array of transnational threats.

Does Democracy Matter

Author: Adrian Basora
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1538101866
Format: PDF, ePub
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Through an exploration of “soft power,” the authors of this book examine available knowledge and necessary new research agendas that will help us better understand both democratization efforts and authoritarian pushback in today’s difficult context.

Leashing the Dogs of War

Author: Chester A Crocker
Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press
ISBN: 9781929223978
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The definitive volume on the sources of contemporary conflict and the array of possible responses to it.

Humanitarianism in Question

Author: Michael Barnett
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801465087
Format: PDF, Docs
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Years of tremendous growth in response to complex emergencies have left a mark on the humanitarian sector. Various matters that once seemed settled are now subjects of intense debate. What is humanitarianism? Is it limited to the provision of relief to victims of conflict, or does it include broader objectives such as human rights, democracy promotion, development, and peacebuilding? For much of the last century, the principles of humanitarianism were guided by neutrality, impartiality, and independence. More recently, some humanitarian organizations have begun to relax these tenets. The recognition that humanitarian action can lead to negative consequences has forced humanitarian organizations to measure their effectiveness, to reflect on their ethical positions, and to consider not only the values that motivate their actions but also the consequences of those actions. In the indispensable Humanitarianism in Question, Michael Barnett and Thomas G. Weiss bring together scholars from a variety of disciplines to address the humanitarian identity crisis, including humanitarianism's relationship to accountability, great powers, privatization and corporate philanthropy, warlords, and the ethical evaluations that inform life-and-death decision making during and after emergencies.

Dealing with Dictators

Author: Ernest R. May
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 9780262134590
Format: PDF
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The United States continues to proclaim its support for democracy and its opposition to tyranny, but American presidents often have supported dictators who have allied themselves with the United States. This book illustrates the chronic dilemmas inherent in US dealings with dictators under conditions of uncertainty and moral ambiguity. Dealing with Dictators offers in-depth analysis of six cases: the United States and China, 1945-1948; UN intervention in the Congo, 1960-1965; the overthrow of the Shah of Iran; US relations with the Somoza regime in Nicaragua; the fall of Marcos in the Philippines; and US policy toward Iraq, 1988-1990. The authors' fascinating and revealing accounts shed new light on critical episodes in US foreign policy and provide a basis for understanding the dilemmas that US decision makers confronted. The chapters do not focus on whether US leaders made the "right" or "wrong" decisions, but instead seek to deepen our understanding of how uncertainty permeated the process and whether decision makers and their aides asked the right questions. This approach makes the book invaluable to scholars and students of government and history, and to readers interested in the general subject of how intelligence analysis interacts with policymaking. BCSIA Studies in International Security

Frankreichs Au enpolitik in der Julikrise 1914

Author: Stefan Schmidt
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486850482
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Auch wenn die Genese des Ersten Weltkriegs - der "Ur-Katastrophe" des 20. Jahrhunderts - als gründlich erforscht gilt, verzeichnet die Geschichte des Kriegsausbruchs immer noch Bereiche, deren Bearbeitung bislang vernachlässigt wurde. Zu ihnen gehört die französische Außenpolitik in der Julikrise 1914. Obwohl in der wissenschaftlichen Kontroverse der Zwischenkriegszeit kein Konsens über Motive und Absichten des "forgotten belligerent of July 1914" (John W. Langdon) gefunden werden konnte, sind dem Gegenstand nach 1945 nur wenige Untersuchungen gewidmet. In dieses bislang kaum beachtete Terrain stößt die Studie vor. Nicht zuletzt auf der Grundlage neuer Quellen entwirft sie im Gegensatz zur älteren Forschung von Frankreich das Bild einer Großmacht, die im Juli 1914 einen äußerst riskanten und den Krieg bereitwillig in Kauf nehmenden außenpolitischen Kurs der machtpolitischen Pression und militärischen Demonstration steuerte, um ihren Rang im internationalen Staatensystem zu behaupten.

Grundz ge der Weltpolitik in der Gegenwart Classic Reprint

Author: J. J. Ruedorffer
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 9781390762013
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Excerpt from Grundzüge der Weltpolitik in der Gegenwart Cbon Dief er (eigenart Der gefcbicbtlicben (erlenntniß unter fcbeibet tieb Die natumifi'enfcbaftlicbe Durcb (ßegenftanb unb 932e tbobe, nicbt aber Durcb Daß allgemeine 8iel (R)ie 9iatumifl'm fcbaften baben eß mit 'zlußnabme eingelner Sweige' wie aum -bei {viel Der Geologie, ibrem (c)egenftanbe nad; nicbt mit einem ein maligen (c)efcbeben, fonbern mit bäufigen unb immer wiederbol baren 'borgängen au tun. 8br 3iel ift Die Gefeßlicbleit Dicier ficb immer wieberbolenben Qiorgänge, ebenfo wie Daß 8iel Der (R)efcbicbte Die (ßefegmiißigfeit eineß einmaligen C13erlaufeß ift. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.