Elections and the Media in Post Conflict Africa

Author: Marie-Soleil Frere
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1780321066
Format: PDF
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Over the past ten years, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Chad, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo and Rwanda all organized pluralist elections in a post conflict context, having experienced an armed conflict which either interrupted or prevented democratization processes. These polls were organized with the support of the international community, which viewed them as a crucial step in the peace-building process. The local media's role throughout was supposed to be to ensure that an electoral process is actually 'free and fair' - a role that becomes even more crucial in countries where the media have previously being perceived as warmongers or peace-builders in the conflicts. Giving a voice to African journalists and analysing the work they have been publishing or broadcasting during these elections, African media specialist Marie-Soleil Frere explores if and how the local media fulfilled their duties. In doing so, the book reveals journalists' professional challenges at a time when much is expected from the media, as well as the intense political pressure faced that can make their work particularly difficult. Insightful and comprehensive, Elections and the Media in Post-Conflict Africa underlines both the importance and the fragility of the role of the media in a democratic system.

Communication and Peace

Author: Julia Hoffmann
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317680472
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book analyses the use of communication in resolving conflicts, with a focus on de-escalation and processes of peacebuilding and peace formation. From the employment of hate radio in the Rwanda genocide, to the current conflict between Russia and the Ukraine following events in the Crimea, communication and the media are widely recognized as powerful tools in conflicts and war. Although there has been significant academic attention on the relationship between the media, conflict and war, academic efforts to understand this relationship have tended to focus primarily on the links between communication and conflict, rather than on communication and peace. In order to make sense of peace it is essential to look at communication in its many facets, mediated or not. This is true within many of the diverse strands that make up the field of communication and peace, but it is also true in the sense that a holistic and interdisciplinary approach is missing from the literature. This book addresses this widely acknowledged lacuna by providing an interdisciplinary perspective on the field, bringing together relevant, but so far largely isolated, streams of research. In doing so, it aims to provide a platform for further reflection of the meaning of, and requirements for, peace in our contemporary world with a focus on de-escalation, conflict transformation, reconciliation and processes of peacebuilding – as opposed to conflict escalation or crisis intervention. This volume will be of much interest to students of peace and conflict studies, peacebuilding, media and communication studies, security studies and IR in general.

The Palgrave Handbook of Media and Communication Research in Africa

Author: Bruce Mutsvairo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319704435
Format: PDF
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This handbook attempts to fill the gap in empirical scholarship of media and communication research in Africa, from an Africanist perspective. The collection draws on expert knowledge of key media and communication scholars in Africa and the diaspora, offering a counter-narrative to existing Western and Eurocentric discourses of knowledge-production. As the decolonial turn takes centre stage across Africa, this collection further rethinks media and communication research in a post-colonial setting and provides empirical evidence as to why some of the methods conceptualised in Europe will not work in Africa. The result is a thorough appraisal of the current threats, challenges and opportunities facing the discipline on the continent.

Routledge Handbook of Media Conflict and Security

Author: Piers Robinson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317914295
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This Handbook links the growing body of media and conflict research with the field of security studies. The academic sub-field of media and conflict has developed and expanded greatly over the past two decades. Operating across a diverse range of academic disciplines, academics are studying the impact the media has on governments pursuing war, responses to humanitarian crises and violent political struggles, and the role of the media as a facilitator of, and a threat to, both peace building and conflict prevention. This handbook seeks to consolidate existing knowledge by linking the body of conflict and media studies with work in security studies. The handbook is arranged into five parts: Theory and Principles. Media, the State and War Media and Human Security Media and Policymaking within the Security State New Issues in Security and Conflict and Future Directions For scholars of security studies, this handbook will provide a key point of reference for state of the art scholarship concerning the media-security nexus; for scholars of communication and media studies, the handbook will provide a comprehensive mapping of the media-conflict field.

Everyday Media Culture in Africa

Author: Wendy Willems
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315472767
Format: PDF, ePub
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African audiences and users are rapidly gaining in importance and increasingly targeted by global media companies, social media platforms and mobile phone operators. This is the first edited volume that addresses the everyday lived experiences of Africans in their interaction with different kinds of media: old and new, state and private, elite and popular, global and national, material and virtual. So far, the bulk of academic research on media and communication in Africa has studied media through the lens of media-state relations, thereby adopting liberal democracy as the normative ideal and examining the potential contribution of African media to development and democratization. Focusing instead on everyday media culture in a range of African countries, this volume contributes to the broader project of provincializing and decolonizing audience and internet studies.

Healing the Wound Personal Narratives about the 2007 Post Election Violence in Kenya

Author: Kimani Njogu
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 9966724451
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The narratives collected by Twaweza Communications in this volume tell yet another side of the story about the violence that engulfed Kenya towards the end of 2007 and the beginning of 2008. The narratives are part of a Daraja Initiative involving media monitoring, reflections and documentation of the traumatic post-election violence period often associated with the contested presidential results of 2007. The goal of the project is to contribute to the protection of constitutional rights of all Kenyans and to the development of a just and democratic country. Because violent conflicts constitute ruptures and continuities and are often preceded by tensions over the uncomfortable co-existence of political, economic, social and cultural systems and relations of power as well as what is perceived as valuable, mobilisation for violence is driven by narratives of the legality and correctness of action such that notions of history, justice and memory are functions of narrative construction, power and authority. Narratives of violent conflict, such as happened in Kenya, are not absolute: they are contested, contradictory and incomplete. But they must be told so that the multiple voices from the citizens are heard.

Author: Paul Beatty
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Καστανιώτη
ISBN: 9600361088
Format: PDF, Mobi
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**Βραβείο Man Booker 2016** Μια δηκτική, βαθιά πολιτική σάτιρα για την ταυτότητα της σύγχρονης Αμερικής, ένα μυθιστόρημα που περιγράφει την εκκεντρική ανατροφή ενός Αφροαμερικανού και μια δίκη άνευ προηγουμένου στην ιστορία των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών. Ο αφηγητής, γεννημένος στο «αγροτικό γκέτο» του Ντίκενς στο Λος Άντζελες, αποδέχεται μοιρολατρικά το περιθώριο. Τον μεγαλώνει ο πατέρας του, ένας ιδιόρρυθμος επιστήμονας, ο οποίος τον χρησιμοποιεί ως πειραματόζωο στις αιρετικές ψυχολογικές μελέτες του για τον ρατσισμό. Ο γιος πιστεύει ότι η πρωτοποριακή εργασία του πατέρα –και ένα βιβλίο που θα προκαλέσει αίσθηση, όταν κυκλοφορήσει– θα επιλύσει τα οικονομικά τους προβλήματα. Όταν όμως αστυνομικοί σκοτώνουν τον πατέρα του, ο πρωταγωνιστής συνειδητοποιεί ότι το μόνο που έχει στα χέρια του είναι ο λογαριασμός μιας κηδείας. Παρακινημένος από την ματαίωση και την παρακμή του τόπου του, αναλαμβάνει μια εξωφρενική πρωτοβουλία: την επαναφορά της δουλείας και του φυλετικού διαχωρισμού, πράγμα που θα τον οδηγήσει ως κατηγορούμενο στο Ανώτατο Δικαστήριο της χώρας. Ο Πουλημένος του Πωλ Μπέιτι σηματοδοτεί το δημιουργικό αποκορύφωμα ενός ιδιοφυούς συγγραφέα. Το βιβλίο τιμήθηκε με το Βραβείο Booker 2016. Το 2015 απέσπασε το Εθνικό Βραβείο του Κύκλου των Κριτικών στις ΗΠΑ. «Ο Πουλημένος είναι ένα μυθιστόρημα για την εποχή μας. Μια σύγχρονη σάτιρα, ακούραστη και ευφάνταστη, το χιούμορ της οποίας μεταμφιέζει τη ριζοσπαστική σοβαρότητα του συγγραφέα της. Ο Πωλ Μπέιτι εξουδετερώνει με τρόπο αχαλίνωτο τις “ιερές αγελάδες” και βάζει στο στόχαστρό του τα φυλετικά και πολιτικά ταμπού με οξύνοια, ζωντάνια και αμεσότητα». ΑΜΑΝΤΑ ΦΟΡΜΑΝ, πρόεδρος της κριτικής επιτροπής του Βραβείου Booker 2016 «Οι εκατό πρώτες σελίδες του Πουλημένου είναι οι πιο καυστικές και ζόρικες σε αμερικανικό μυθιστόρημα τα τελευταία δέκα χρόνια τουλάχιστον... Τα αστεία σε χτυπάνε κατευθείαν στο στομάχι... Οι αυτοσχεδιασμοί είναι ασταμάτητοι σε αυτό το σατιρικό, βαθυστόχαστο μυθιστόρημα που συνιστά σταθμό». The New York Times «Μια απίστευτη σάτιρα για τη φυλετική ταυτότητα στην Αμερική... Ο Πουλημένος συνδυάζει τη ζωηρή κωμωδία και τη δριμεία κοινωνική κριτική, αλλά το πλέον εντυπωσιακό προτέρημα του βιβλίου είναι η ολοζώντανη ανθρωπιά των χαρακτήρων του». The New Yorker «Ένα αστείο και τολμηρό βιβλίο που ανατρέπει τις επιζήμιες συμβάσεις της κουλτούρας... Είναι αυτή η συνειδητή ανατροπή... που κάνει αυτό το θαρραλέο και σκληρό μυθιστόρημα τόσο απολαυστικό». The Guardian «Ο Πουλημένος ανήκει στα σημαντικότερα και πλέον δύσκολα αμερικανικά μυθιστορήματα που έχουν γραφτεί στον 21ο αιώνα... Είναι ένα επώδυνο βιβλίο που οι αναγνώστες δύσκολα θα ξεχάσουν». Los Angeles Times