Advances in Scanning Probe Microscopy

Author: T. Sakurai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642569498
Format: PDF, Docs
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There have been many books published on scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and related subjects since Dr. Cerd Binnig and Dr. Heinrich Rohrer invented STM in 1982 and AFM in 1986 at IBM Research Center in Zurich, Switzerland. These two techniques, STM and AFM, now form the core of what has come to be called the 'scanning probe microscopy (SPM)' family. SPM is not just the most powerful microscope for scientists to image atoms on surfaces, but is also becoming an indispensable tool for manipulating atoms and molecules to construct man-made materials and devices. Its impact has been felt in various fields, from surface physics and chemistry to nano-mechanics, nano-electronics and medical science. Its influence will surely extend further as the years go by, beyond the reach of our present imagination, and new research applications will continue to emerge. This book, therefore, is not intended to be a comprehensive review or textbook on SPM. Its aim is to cover only a selected part of the active re search fields of SPM and related topics in which I have been directly involved over the years. These include the basic principles of STM and AFM, and their applications to fullerene film growth, SiC surface reconstructions, MBE (molecular beam epitaxy) growth of CaAs, atomic scale manipulation of Si surfaces and meso scopic work function.

Nanometer Scale Science and Technology

Author: Maria Allegrini
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586031657
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Nanosciences and nanotechnology are at the interface between physics, chemistry, engineering and biology. The fundamental processes of living matter occur on the nanometre scale. This book is based on local probes (STM, AFM, SNOM) and related supreme technological acheivements. Topics are covered extensively, covering issues such as: clusters, nanocontacts, photonic bad gap materials, atom manipulation by light, atom optics with Bose-Einstein condensates, and quantum computing.

Electromagnetics in Biology

Author: Makoto Kato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431279148
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book will serve as an ideal guide to the relatively new and complex field of bioelectromagnetics for students and researchers interested in the interaction of biological systems and electromagnetic fields. Coverage details:(1) biological responses of human and animals, both in vivo and in vitro methodologies, to magnetic and/or electromagnetic field exposure, (2) characteristics of effective fields, (3) hypotheses to explain possible mechanisms of interaction between the fields and cells, and (4) induced current in ELF and induced heat in RF fields as key interaction mechanisms.

Research Methods in Africana Studies

Author: Serie McDougal III
Publisher: Peter Lang Incorporated, International Academic Publishers
ISBN: 9781433134739
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Research Methods in Africana Studies, Revised Edition is a major contribution to the discipline of Africana studies and social science involving people of African descent in general.

Localized Waves

Author: Hugo E. Hernández-Figueroa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470168974
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The first book on Localized Waves—a subject of phenomenal worldwide research with important applications from secure communications to medicine Localized waves—also known as non-diffractive waves—are beams and pulses capable of resisting diffraction and dispersion over long distances even in non-guiding media. Predicted to exist in the early 1970s and obtained theoretically and experimentally as solutions to the wave equations starting in 1992, localized waves now garner intense worldwide research with applications in all fields where a role is played by a wave equation, from electromagnetism to acoustics and quantum physics. In the electromagnetics areas, they are paving the way, for instance, to ubiquitous secure communications in the range of millimeter waves, terahertz frequencies, and optics. At last, the localized waves with an envelope at rest are expected to have important applications especially in medicine. Localized Waves brings together the world's most productive researchers in the field to offer a well-balanced presentation of theory and experiments in this new and exciting subject. Composed of thirteen chapters, this dynamic volume: Presents a thorough review of the theoretical foundation and historical aspects of localized waves Explores the interconnections of the subject with other technologies and scientific areas Analyzes the effect of arbitrary anisotropies on both continuous-wave and pulsed non-diffracting fields Describes the physical nature and experimental implementation of localized waves Provides a general overview of wave localization, for example in photonic crystals, which have received increasing attention in recent years Localized Waves is the first book to cover this emerging topic, making it an indispensable resource in particular for researchers in electromagnetics, acoustics, fundamental physics, and free-space communications, while also serving as a requisite text for graduate students.

Learning on the Shop Floor

Author: Bert De Munck
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781845453411
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Apprenticeship or vocational training is a subject of lively debate. Economic historians tend to see apprenticeship as a purely economic phenomenon, as an 'incomplete contract' in need of legal and institutional enforcement mechanisms. The contributors to this volume have adopted a broader perspective. They regard learning on the shop floor as a complex social and cultural process, to be situated in an ever-changing historical context. The results are surprising. The authors convincingly show that research on apprenticeship and learning on the shop floor is intimately associated with migration patterns, family economy and household strategies, gender perspectives, urban identities and general educational and pedagogical contexts.

Coupling to shielded cables

Author: Edward F. Vance
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Examines current problems of coupling to shielded cables, providing a working reference for engineers and designers of signal transmission and power lines. Using a transmission line analysis, it examines the shield transfer impedance and transfer admittance characteristics of commonly used shields-the most comprehensive collection of such data ever published. Relates shielding properties to weave characteristics of braided-wire shields. Includes tables and normalized graphs for the most commonly encountered cases of interference.