Electrochemistry at Metal and Semiconductor Electrodes

Author: Norio Sato
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080530734
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Electrochemisty at Metal and Semiconductor Electrodes covers the structure of the electrical double layer and charge transfer reactions across the electrode/electrolyte interface. The purpose of the book is to integrate modern electrochemistry and semiconductor physics, thereby, providing a quantitative basis for understanding electrochemistry at metal and semiconductor electrodes. Electrons and ions are the principal particles which play the main role in electrochemistry. This text, therefore, emphasizes the energy level concepts of electrons and ions rather than the phenomenological thermodynamic and kinetic concepts on which most of the classical electrochemistry texts are based. This rationalization of the phenomenological concepts in terms of the physics of semiconductors should enable readers to develop more atomistic and quantitative insights into processes that occur at electrodes. The book incorporates many traditional disciplines of science and engineering such as interfacial chemistry, biochemistry, enzyme chemistry, membrane chemistry, metallurgy, modification of solid interfaces, and materials' corrosion. The text is intended to serve as an introduction for the study of advanced electrochemistry at electrodes and is aimed towards graduates and senior undergraduates studying materials and interfacial chemistry or those beginning research work in the field of electrochemistry.

Electrochemistry at Semiconductor and Oxidized Metal Electrodes

Author: S.R. Morrison
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781461331469
Format: PDF
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The objective of the present volume is to develop the theory and practice of nonmetal electrochemistry from first principles, emphasizing energy level models, in particular the fluctuating energy level model of Marcus and Gerischer. A single volume emphasizing these models. and the in terpretation of experiments based on these models, has not been available. Yet this area of electrochemical technology, where the use of such models is required, has developed a great deal of interest. This is not only because of the interest in photoelectrochemical solar cells, but also because of the importance of the concepts in corrosion, sensors, coated metal electrodes, and, indeed, to the general theory of electrode reactions. This book is an attempt to fill the void-to develop in a single volume the basic description of electrode reactions on nonmetallic electrodes and oxide-covered metal electrodes. The development of the fluctuating energy level model to describe electrode reactions on nonmetals (as described in Chapters I through 3) has permitted a significant forward step in the understanding of such re actions. The power of the model is illustrated by the simple methods available to determine the energy levels of interest-the conduction and valence bands of the nonmetals (Chapter 5), and their relation to the energy levels of oxidizing or reducing agents in solution. In Chapter 6, we illustrate the ability of the simple models. based on these parameters, to describe successfully electrode reactions at an inert electrode.

Electrochemistry of Metal Chalcogenides

Author: Mirtat Bouroushian
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642039676
Format: PDF
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The author provides a unified account of the electrochemical material science of metal chalcogenide (MCh) compounds and alloys with regard to their synthesis, processing and applications. Starting with the chemical fundamentals of the chalcogens and their major compounds, the initial part of the book includes a systematic description of the MCh solids on the basis of the Periodic Table in terms of their structures and key properties. This is followed by a general discussion on the electrochemistry of chalcogen species, and the principles underlying the electrochemical formation of inorganic compounds/alloys. The core of the book offers an insight into available experimental results and inferences regarding the electrochemical preparation and microstructural control of conventional and novel MCh structures. It also aims to survey their photoelectrochemistry, both from a material-oriented point of view and as connected to specific processes such as photocatalysis and solar energy conversion. Finally, the book illustrates the relevance of MCh materials to various applications of electrochemical interest such as (electro)catalysis in fuel cells, energy storage with intercalation electrodes, and ion sensing.

Electrochemistry

Author: Derek Pletcher
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 085186077X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Reflecting the growing volume of published work in this field, researchers will find this book an invaluable source of information on current methods and applications.

Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry 42

Author: Constantinos G. Vayenas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387494890
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume analyzes and summarizes recent developments in several key interfacial electrochemical systems in the areas of fuel cell electrocatatalysis, electrosynthesis and electrodeposition. The six Chapters are written by internationally recognized experts in these areas and address both fundamental and practical aspects of several existing or emerging key electrochemical technologies. The Chapter by R. Adzic, N. Marinkovic and M. Vukmirovic provides a lucid and authoritative treatment of the electrochemistry and electrocatalysis of Ruthenium, a key element for the devel- ment of efficient electrodes for polymer electrolyte (PEM) fuel cells. Starting from fundamental surface science studies and interfacial considerations, this up-to-date review by some of the pioneers in this field, provides a deep insight in the complex catalytic-electrocatalytic phenomena occurring at the interfaces of PEM fuel cell electrodes and a comprehensive treatment of recent developments in this extremely important field. Several recent breakthroughs in the design of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anodes and cathodes are described in the Chapter of H. Uchida and M. Watanabe. The authors, who have pioneered several of these developments, provide a lucid presentation d- cribing how careful fundamental investigations of interfacial electrocatalytic anode and cathode phenomena lead to novel electrode compositions and microstructures and to significant practical advances of SOFC anode and cathode stability and enhanced electrocatalysis.

Electrochemical and Electrocatalytic Reactions of Carbon Dioxide

Author: B.P. Sullivan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444596615
Format: PDF, Docs
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The recycling of atmospheric molecules for use as fuels and chemicals is a goal which can only be achieved through a deeper understanding of catalytic processes, particularly electrocatalysis whereby redox transformations can be interfaced with solar or nuclear energy input. Carbon dioxide is a prototypical small molecule in many regards since it is chemically inert. In addition, because of the likely role of carbon dioxide in global temperature cycles, it will be imperative in the future to regulate the output from industrial processes. The purpose of this book is to present a unified discussion of the carbon dioxide chemistry which is necessary for the understanding and design of electrochemically-driven processes for the reduction of carbon dioxide and to provide an impetus for the further development of electrocatalytic carbon dioxide chemistry.

Advances in Lithium Ion Batteries

Author: Walter van Schalkwijk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306475081
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the decade since the introduction of the first commercial lithium-ion battery research and development on virtually every aspect of the chemistry and engineering of these systems has proceeded at unprecedented levels. This book is a snapshot of the state-of-the-art and where the work is going in the near future. The book is intended not only for researchers, but also for engineers and users of lithium-ion batteries which are found in virtually every type of portable electronic product.

Interfacial Electrochemistry

Author: Wolfgang Schmickler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642049378
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Electrochemistry is an old branch of physical chemistry. Due to the development of surface sensitive techniques, and a technological interest in fuel cells and batteries, it has recently undergone a rapid development. This textbook treats the field from a modern, atomistic point of view while integrating the older, macroscopic concepts. The increasing role of theory is reflected in the presentation of the basic ideas in a way that should appeal to experimentalists and theorists alike. Special care is taken to make the subject comprehensible to scientists from neighboring disciplines, especially from surface science. The book is suitable for an advanced course at the master or Ph.D. level, but should also be useful for practicing electrochemists, as well as to any scientist who wants to understand modern electrochemistry.

Semiconductor Electrochemistry

Author: Rüdiger Memming
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527688714
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Providing both an introduction and an up-to-date survey of the entire field, this text captivates the reader with its clear style and inspiring, yet solid presentation. The significantly expanded second edition of this milestone work is supplemented by a completely new chapter on the hot topic of nanoparticles and includes the latest insights into the deposition of dye layers on semiconductor electrodes. In his monograph, the acknowledged expert Professor Memming primarily addresses physical and electrochemists, but materials scientists, physicists, and engineers dealing with semiconductor technology and its applications will also benefit greatly from the contents.