Electronic Noses and Tongues in Food Science

Author: Maria Luz Rodriguez Mendez
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128004029
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Electronic Noses and Tongues in Food Science describes the electronic products of advanced chemical and physical sciences combined with intuitive integration of microprocessors, advanced bioinformatics and statistics. These include, for example, voltammetric, bio-electronic, piezoelectric platforms made from a variety of components including, nanoparticles, enzyme biosensors, heavy metals, graphite-epoxy composites, metal oxide semiconductors, microelectrodes, microfluidic channels, pre-manufactured gas sensors, redox enzymes and others and is an ideal resource for understanding and utilizing their power in Food Science settings. Devices used to analyse one particular food item can theoretically be adapted for other food items or components. This does not just mean the re-deploying the physical platforms but also the mode of bioinformatic and statistical analysis. This includes artificial neural networks (ANN), linear discriminant analysis (LDA), partial least squares (PLS), principal component analysis (PCA) etc. In other words, there is cross transference of chemistry, physics, concepts, techniques, findings and approaches from one food to another. Electronic noses and tongues are two of these devices but are advancing in application and importance. This book provides examples of the use of electronic noses and tongues to characterise components that contribute to sensory or compositional profiles, from ripening to harvesting and from storage of raw materials to packaging and consumption. These devises are suitable for high-throughput analysis, quality control or to determine the nature and extent of spoilage and adulteration, and have also been used to ascertain the geographical origins of food and mixtures. Presents latest developments in the application of electronic nose and tongue technologies to a variety of food-specific needs Includes both electronic nose, electronic tongue and combined technology insights Each chapter has sections on: The physical and chemical platforms; Analysis of specific foods; Applications to other foods and areas of food science

Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128126884
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability covers the hottest topics in the science of food sustainability, providing a synopsis of the path society is on to secure food for a growing population. It investigates the focal issue of sustainable food production in relation to the effects of global change on food resources, biodiversity and global food security. This collection of methodological approaches and knowledge derived from expert authors around the world offers the research community, food industry, scientists and students with the knowledge to relate to, and report on, the novel challenges of food production and sustainability. This comprehensive encyclopedia will act as a platform to show how an interdisciplinary approach and closer collaboration between the scientific and industrial communities is necessary to strengthen our existing capacity to generate and share research data. Offers readers a ‘one-stop’ resource on the topic of food security and sustainability Contains articles split into sections based on the various dimensions of Food Security and Food Sustainability Written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions with a “farm to fork understanding Includes concise and accessible chapters, providing an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate level upwards, as well as up-to-date foundational content for those familiar with the field

Sensory Analysis for Food and Beverage Quality Control

Author: David Kilcast
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845699513
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Producing products of reliable quality is vitally important to the food and beverage industry. In particular, companies often fail to ensure that the sensory quality of their products remains consistent, leading to the sale of goods which fail to meet the desired specifications or are rejected by the consumer. This book is a practical guide for all those tasked with using sensory analysis for quality control (QC) of food and beverages. Chapters in part one cover the key aspects to consider when designing a sensory QC program. The second part of the book focuses on methods for sensory QC and statistical data analysis. Establishing product sensory specifications and combining instrumental and sensory methods are also covered. The final part of the book reviews the use of sensory QC programs in the food and beverage industry. Chapters on sensory QC for taint prevention and the application of sensory techniques for shelf-life assessment are followed by contributions reviewing sensory QC programs for different products, including ready meals, wine and fish. A chapter on sensory QC of products such as textiles, cosmetics and cars completes the volume. Sensory analysis for food and beverage quality control is an essential reference for anyone setting up or operating a sensory QC program, or researching sensory QC. Highlights key aspects to consider when designing a quality control program including sensory targets and proficiency testing Examines methods for sensory quality control and statistical data analysis Reviews the use of sensory quality control programs in the food and beverage industry featuring ready meals, wine and fish

Advances in Food Authenticity Testing

Author: Gerard Downey
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081002335
Format: PDF, ePub
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Advances in Food Authenticity Testing covers a topic that is of great importance to both the food industry whose responsibility it is to provide clear and accurate labeling of their products and maintain food safety and the government agencies and organizations that are tasked with the verification of claims of food authenticity. The adulteration of foods with cheaper alternatives has a long history, but the analytical techniques which can be implemented to test for these are ever advancing. The book covers the wide range of methods and techniques utilized in the testing of food authenticity, including new implementations and processes. The first part of the book examines, in detail, the scientific basis and the process of how these techniques are used, while other sections highlight specific examples of the use of these techniques in the testing of various foods. Written by experts in both academia and industry, the book provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of this important and rapidly progressing field. Covers a topic that is of great importance to both the food industry and the governmental agencies tasked with verifying the safety and authenticity of food products Presents a wide range of methods and techniques utilized in the testing of food authenticity, including new implementations and processes Highlights specific examples of the use of the emerging techniques and testing strategies for various foods

Instrumentation and Sensors for the Food Industry

Author: E Kress-Rogers
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1855736489
Format: PDF, Docs
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The first edition of this book quickly established itself as the standard reference in its field, and the second edition consolidates this reputation. Keeping up with the rapid change in this area, there are 16 new contributors and 8 completely new chapters, as well as major revisions to existing chapters, making this second edition a substantially longer book. Instrumentation and sensors for the food industry 2nd edition begins with two introductory chapters to set the scene, part one covers in-line measurement of food processing operations, including colour measurement, the measurement of food composition by a range of techniques, and the measurement of pressure, temperature, level, flow and viscosity. Part two reviews instrumental techniques in the quality control laboratory, including the measurement of rheological properties, texture, water and microbiological activity. Part thee has five chapters devoted to the increasingly widespread use of electronic noses, chemosensors, biosensors, immunosensors and DNA probes. Comprehensively revised and expanded edition of a standard work in its field Authoritative and practical guide to the range of instrumentation and sensors available Written by a distinguished international panel of experts

Chocolate Science and Technology

Author: Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444357336
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book provides an overview of the science and technology of chocolate manufacture from cocoa production, through the manufacturing processes, to the sensory, nutrition and health aspects of chocolate consumption. It covers cocoa cultivation and production with special attention paid to cocoa bean composition, genotypic variations in the bean, post-harvest pre-treatments, fermentation and drying processes, and the biochemical basis of these operations. The scientific principles behind industrial chocolate manufacture are outlined with detailed explanations of the various stages of chocolate manufacturing including mixing, refining, conching and tempering. Other topics covered include the chemistry of flavour formation and development during cocoa processing and chocolate manufacture; volatile flavour compounds and their characteristics and identification; sensory descriptions and character; and flavour release and perception in chocolate. The nutritional and health benefits of cocoa and chocolate consumption are also addressed. There is a focus throughout on those factors that influence the flavour and quality characteristics of the finished chocolate and that provide scope for process optimization and improvement. The book is designed to be a desk reference for all those engaged in the business of making and using chocolate worldwide; confectionery and chocolate scientists in industry and academia; students and practising food scientists and technologists; nutritionists and other health professionals; and libraries of institutions where food science is studied and researched. an overview of the science behind chocolate manufacture covers the whole process from cocoa production, through manufacturing, to the nutrition and health aspects of chocolate consumption focuses on factors that influence chocolate flavour and quality, and that provide scope for process optimization and improvement.

Chemische Sensoren

Author: Peter Gründler
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540350527
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Die Forschung und Anwendungsentwicklung in dem Bereich chemischer und biochemischer Sensoren ist weiterhin in einem schnellen Wachstum begriffen. Die Erfahrungen des letzten Jahrzehnts haben jedoch gezeigt, dass die erfolgreiche Entwicklung solcher Sensoren, die auch den harten Routinebedingungen in den vielfältigen Anwendungsgebieten widerstehen, nur dann möglich ist, wenn Chemiker und Ingenieure kooperieren. Daher ist es das Ziel dieses Lehrbuches, sowohl Chemikern als auch Ingenieuren, Lebensmittel- und Biotechnologen in einer streng systematischen aber sehr praxisorientierten Darstellung die Technologie und die Anwendung chemischer Sensoren nahezubringen. Der interdisziplinäre Ansatz überbrückt die unterschiedlichen Denkweisen in Chemie, Physik und Ingenieurwissenschaften erfolgreich.

Tuberculosis E Book

Author: H. Simon Schaaf
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437711065
Format: PDF
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This book provides all the vital information you need to know about tuberculosis, especially in the face of drug-resistant strains of the disease. Coverage includes which patient populations face an elevated risk of infection, as well as which therapies are appropriate and how to correctly monitor ongoing treatment so that patients are cured. Properly administer screening tests, interpret their results, and identify manifestations of the disease, with authoritative guidance from expert clinicians from around the world. Discusses screening tests for tuberculosis so you can interpret their results and identify not only common manifestations of the disease, but also those that are comparatively rare—such as tuberculosis in pregnant women. Covers all clinical aspects of tuberculosis in children, including current practices on managing those infected with HIV. Provides details on how best to interact with the public health system in both industrialized and developing countries. Addresses the social aspects of tuberculosis and presents the latest advances on new and potential vaccines against tuberculosis. Offers the expertise of internationally recognized tuberculosis clinicians to provide you with well-rounded, global coverage. Features numerous illustrations to provide clear and detailed depictions of rare manifestations of tuberculosis.

Nondestructive Evaluation of Food Quality

Author: Shyam N. Jha
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642157967
Format: PDF
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Numerous works on non-destructive testing of food quality have been reported in the literature. Techniques such as Near InfraRed (NIR) spectroscopy, color and visual spectroscopy, electronic nose and tongue, computer vision (image analysis), ultrasound, x-ray, CT and magnetic resonance imaging are some of the most applied for that purpose and are described in this book. Aspects such as theory/basics of the techniques, practical applications (sampling, experimentation, data analysis) for evaluation of quality attributes of food and some recent works reported in literature are presented and discussed. This book is particularly interesting for new researchers in food quality and serves as an updated state-of-the-art report for those already familiar with the field.

Chemical Analysis of Food

Author: Yolanda Picó
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123848628
Format: PDF
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"The book contains twenty three chapters written by experts on the subject is structured in two parts: the first one describes the role of the latest developments in analytical and bioanalytical techniques, and the second one deals with the most innovative applications and issues in food analysis. The two first introductory chapters about sampling technique, from basic one to the most recent advances, which is still a food challenge because is responsible of the quality and assurance of the analysis, andon data analysis and chemometrics are followed by a review of the most recently applied techniques in process (on-line) control and in laboratories for the analysis of major or minor compounds of food. These techniques ranged from the non-invasive and non-destructive ones, such as infrared spectroscopy, magnetic resonance and ultrasounds, to emerging areas as nanotechnology, biosensors and electronic noses and tongues, including those already well-established in food analysis, such as chromatographic andelectrophoretic techniques. These chapters also include two important tools for solving problems in chemical and biological analysis such as mass spectrometry and molecular-based techniques"--