Elements of the Random Walk

Author: Joseph Rudnick
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139450140
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Random walks have proven to be a useful model in understanding processes across a wide spectrum of scientific disciplines. Elements of the Random Walk is an introduction to some of the most powerful and general techniques used in the application of these ideas. The mathematical construct that runs through the analysis of the topics covered in this book, unifying the mathematical treatment, is the generating function. Although the reader is introduced to analytical tools, such as path-integrals and field-theoretical formalism, the book is self-contained in that basic concepts are developed and relevant fundamental findings fully discussed. Mathematical background is provided in supplements at the end of each chapter, when appropriate. This text will appeal to graduate students across science, engineering and mathematics who need to understand the applications of random walk techniques, as well as to established researchers.

Fractional order Modeling of Nuclear Reactor From Subdiffusive Neutron Transport to Control oriented Models

Author: Vishwesh Vyawahare
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811075875
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book addresses the topic of fractional-order modeling of nuclear reactors. Approaching neutron transport in the reactor core as anomalous diffusion, specifically subdiffusion, it starts with the development of fractional-order neutron telegraph equations. Using a systematic approach, the book then examines the development and analysis of various fractional-order models representing nuclear reactor dynamics, ultimately leading to the fractional-order linear and nonlinear control-oriented models. The book utilizes the mathematical tool of fractional calculus, the calculus of derivatives and integrals with arbitrary non-integer orders (real or complex), which has recently been found to provide a more compact and realistic representation to the dynamics of diverse physical systems. Including extensive simulation results and discussing important issues related to the fractional-order modeling of nuclear reactors, the book offers a valuable resource for students and researchers working in the areas of fractional-order modeling and control and nuclear reactor modeling.

Complex Networks

Author: Luciano da F. Costa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642255019
Format: PDF
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Complex Networks, CompleNet 2010, which was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in October 2010. The 21 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 48 submissions. The topics covered include: community structure, network metrics, network models, effect of topology to epidemics, algorithms to classify networks, self-organized algorithms applied to complex networks, as well as many applications of complex networks in biology, image analysis, software development, traffic congestion, language and speech, sensor networks, and synchronization.

Programming with Mathematica

Author: Paul Wellin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139619454
Format: PDF
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Starting from first principles, this book covers all of the foundational material needed to develop a clear understanding of the Mathematica language, with a practical emphasis on solving problems. Concrete examples throughout the text demonstrate how Mathematica can be used to solve problems in science, engineering, economics/finance, computational linguistics, geoscience, bioinformatics, and a range of other fields. The book will appeal to students, researchers and programmers wishing to further their understanding of Mathematica. Designed to suit users of any ability, it assumes no formal knowledge of programming so it is ideal for self-study. Over 290 exercises are provided to challenge the reader's understanding of the material covered and these provide ample opportunity to practice using the language. Mathematica notebooks containing examples, programs and solutions to exercises are available from www.cambridge.org/wellin.

First Steps in Random Walks

Author: J. Klafter
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199234868
Format: PDF, ePub
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Random walks proved to be a useful model of many complex transport processes at the micro and macroscopical level in physics and chemistry, economics, biology and other disciplines. The book discusses the main variants of random walks and gives the most important mathematical tools for their theoretical description.

Random Walk in Random and Non random Environments

Author: P l R‚v‚sz
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981444751X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The simplest mathematical model of the Brownian motion of physics is the simple, symmetric random walk. This book collects and compares current results OCo mostly strong theorems which describe the properties of a random walk. The modern problems of the limit theorems of probability theory are treated in the simple case of coin tossing. Taking advantage of this simplicity, the reader is familiarized with limit theorems (especially strong ones) without the burden of technical tools and difficulties. An easy way of considering the Wiener process is also given, through the study of the random walk.Since the first and second editions were published in 1990 and 2005, a number of new results have appeared in the literature. The first two editions contained many unsolved problems and conjectures which have since been settled; this third, revised and enlarged edition includes those new results. In this edition, a completely new part is included concerning Simple Random Walks on Graphs. Properties of random walks on several concrete graphs have been studied in the last decade. Some of the obtained results are also presented.

Stopped Random Walks

Author: Allan Gut
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387878351
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Classical probability theory provides information about random walks after a fixed number of steps. For applications, however, it is more natural to consider random walks evaluated after a random number of steps. Examples are sequential analysis, queuing theory, storage and inventory theory, insurance risk theory, reliability theory, and the theory of contours. Stopped Random Walks: Limit Theorems and Applications shows how this theory can be used to prove limit theorems for renewal counting processes, first passage time processes, and certain two-dimenstional random walks, and to how these results are useful in various applications. This second edition offers updated content and an outlook on further results, extensions and generalizations. A new chapter examines nonlinear renewal processes in order to present the analagous theory for perturbed random walks, modeled as a random walk plus "noise."

Random Walks in Biology

Author: Howard C. Berg
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691000640
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is a lucid, straightforward introduction to the concepts and techniques of statistical physics that students of biology, biochemistry, and biophysics must know. It provides a sound basis for understanding random motions of molecules, subcellular particles, or cells, or of processes that depend on such motion or are markedly affected by it. Readers do not need to understand thermodynamics in order to acquire a knowledge of the physics involved in diffusion, sedimentation, electrophoresis, chromatography, and cell motility--subjects that become lively and immediate when the author discusses them in terms of random walks of individual particles.This book is a lucid, straightforward introduction to the concepts and techniques of statistical physics that students of biology, biochemistry, and biophysics must know. It provides a sound basis for understanding random motions of molecules, subcellular particles, or cells, or of processes that depend on such motion or are markedly affected by it. Readers do not need to understand thermodynamics in order to acquire a knowledge of the physics involved in diffusion, sedimentation, electrophoresis, chromatography, and cell motility--subjects that become lively and immediate when the author discusses them in terms of random walks of individual particles.

The Physics of Foraging

Author: Gandhimohan. M. Viswanathan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139497553
Format: PDF, Docs
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Do the movements of animals, including humans, follow patterns that can be described quantitatively by simple laws of motion? If so, then why? These questions have attracted the attention of scientists in many disciplines, and stimulated debates ranging from ecological matters to queries such as 'how can there be free will if one follows a law of motion?' This is the first book on this rapidly evolving subject, introducing random searches and foraging in a way that can be understood by readers without a previous background on the subject. It reviews theory as well as experiment, addresses open problems and perspectives, and discusses applications ranging from the colonization of Madagascar by Austronesians to the diffusion of genetically modified crops. The book will interest physicists working in the field of anomalous diffusion and movement ecology as well as ecologists already familiar with the concepts and methods of statistical physics.