Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering

Author: Saurabh Mittal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119378850
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A comprehensive text that reviews the methods and technologies that explore emergent behavior in complex systems engineering in multidisciplinary fields In Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering, the authors present the theoretical considerations and the tools required to enable the study of emergent behaviors in manmade systems. Information Technology is key to today’s modern world. Scientific theories introduced in the last five decades can now be realized with the latest computational infrastructure. Modeling and simulation, along with Big Data technologies are at the forefront of such exploration and investigation. The text offers a number of simulation-based methods, technologies, and approaches that are designed to encourage the reader to incorporate simulation technologies to further their understanding of emergent behavior in complex systems. The authors present a resource for those designing, developing, managing, operating, and maintaining systems, including system of systems. The guide is designed to help better detect, analyse, understand, and manage the emergent behaviour inherent in complex systems engineering in order to reap the benefits of innovations and avoid the dangers of unforeseen consequences. This vital resource: Presents coverage of a wide range of simulation technologies Explores the subject of emergence through the lens of Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Offers contributions from authors at the forefront of various related disciplines such as philosophy, science, engineering, sociology, and economics Contains information on the next generation of complex systems engineering Written for researchers, lecturers, and students, Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering provides an overview of the current discussions on complexity and emergence, and shows how systems engineering methods in general and simulation methods in particular can help in gaining new insights in complex systems engineering.

Social Behavioral Modeling for Complex Systems

Author: Paul K. Davis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119484987
Format: PDF
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This volume describes frontiers in social-behavioral modeling for contexts as diverse as national security, health, and on-line social gaming. Recent scientific and technological advances have created exciting opportunities for such improvements. However, the book also identifies crucial scientific, ethical, and cultural challenges to be met if social-behavioral modeling is to achieve its potential. Doing so will require new methods, data sources, and technology. The volume discusses these, including those needed to achieve and maintain high standards of ethics and privacy. The result should be a new generation of modeling that will advance science and, separately, aid decision-making on major social and security-related subjects despite the myriad uncertainties and complexities of social phenomena. Intended to be relatively comprehensive in scope, the volume balances theory-driven, data-driven, and hybrid approaches. The latter may be rapidly iterative, as when artificial-intelligence methods are coupled with theory-driven insights to build models that are sound, comprehensible and usable in new situations. With the intent of being a milestone document that sketches a research agenda for the next decade, the volume draws on the wisdom, ideas and suggestions of many noted researchers who draw in turn from anthropology, communications, complexity science, computer science, defense planning, economics, engineering, health systems, medicine, neuroscience, physics, political science, psychology, public policy and sociology. In brief, the volume discusses: Cutting-edge challenges and opportunities in modeling for social and behavioral science Special requirements for achieving high standards of privacy and ethics New approaches for developing theory while exploiting both empirical and computational data Issues of reproducibility, communication, explanation, and validation Special requirements for models intended to inform decision making about complex social systems

Die Grenzen des Denkens

Author: Donella H. Meadows
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783865811998
Format: PDF, ePub
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Anschauliche und leicht verständliche Einführung in das Gebiet komplexer Systeme, die es überall in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft sowie in den Naturwissenschaften gibt.

Pahl Beitz Konstruktionslehre

Author: Gerhard Pahl
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540267891
Format: PDF
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Das bewährte und international anerkannte Lehr- und Handbuch ordnet und strafft die wissenschaftlichen Grundlagen, beschreibt mit praktischen Beispielen die Produktentwicklung, verweist auf neue Lösungsfelder auf den Gebieten der Faserverbundbauweisen, Mechatronik und Adaptronik, zeigt eine wirtschaftliche Realisierung durch Baureihen- und Baukastensysteme sowie eine vorausschauende Kostenbetrachtung. Es hilft ausserdem, eine Qualitätssicherung durch wenig aufwendige Maßnahmen zu unterstützen und integriert die EDV-Technik in das Vorgehen.

Berechenbarkeit der Welt

Author: Wolfgang Pietsch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 365812153X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Der Sammelband untersucht Entwicklungen in der Wissenschaft, die in den letzten Jahren durch moderne Informationstechnologien und die zunehmende Verfügbarkeit von Daten angestoßen wurden. Aufgrund dieser neuen Ansätze werden eine Reihe von Phänomenen zum Beispiel aus den Sozial- oder den Lebenswissenschaften berechenbar, die zuvor als zu komplex für eine wissenschaftliche Analyse galten. Der Band versammelt Texte aus einer Vielzahl unterschiedlicher Perspektiven, von der Physik über die Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften bis hin zur Informatik. Neben Beiträgen, die die aktuellen Entwicklungen direkt thematisieren, untersuchen andere Aufsätze zentrale Begriffe in unmittelbarem Zusammenhang wie Komplexität oder Information.