Eminent Domain

Author: Iljoong Kim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316828670
Format: PDF, ePub
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The taking of private property for development projects has caused controversy in many nations, where it has often been used to benefit powerful interests at the expense of the general public. This edited collection is the first to use a common framework to analyze the law and economics of eminent domain around the world. The authors show that seemingly disparate nations face a common set of problems in seeking to regulate the condemnation of private property by the state. They include the tendency to forcibly displace the poor and politically weak for the benefit of those with greater influence, disputes over compensation, and resort to condemnation in cases where it destroys more economic value than it creates. With contributions from leading scholars in the fields of property law and economics, the book offers a comparative perspective and considers a wide range of possible solutions to these problems.

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Author: Upton Sinclair
Publisher: Manesse Verlag
ISBN: 364109111X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Ein Schlüsselroman über die Tyrannei des Raubtierkapitalismus – jetzt in deutscher Neuübersetzung «Öl!» ist das US-Epos über die legendäre Zeit der Ölbarone: übers schnelle Geld und die Faszination jenes Rohstoffs, der wie kein anderer das Antlitz der modernen Zivilisation geprägt hat. Mit ökonomischer Klarsicht schildert Sinclair den Wettlauf ums «schwarze Gold», skrupellose Verteilungskämpfe und das beispiellose Auseinanderdriften von Arm und Reich. Ein Glanzstück welthaltiger, engagierter Romankunst! J. Arnold Ross hat es mit Ehrgeiz, Gerissenheit und Glück zum Erdölmagnaten gebracht, Sohn Bunny ist zum Erben seines «schmierigen Reichtums» auserkoren. Doch statt sich seiner Privilegien zu freuen, verbringt er jede freie Minute auf den Erdölfeldern Kaliforniens und entdeckt dort seine Sympathien für die einfachen Leute. Fortan pendelt der junge Idealist zwischen den Sphären, ohne in einer davon je ganz heimisch zu werden: weder in den verschwörerischen Machtzirkeln seines Vaters noch im gärenden Arbeitermilieu, aber auch nicht auf dem Universitätscampus, geschweige denn in Hollywoods Glamourwelt. Zwischen allen Fronten stehend, muss er erkennen, dass das Leben ehernen Gesetzen von Habgier und Betrug gehorcht. Selten ist die Frage nach einer menschenwürdigen Gesellschaft literarisch eindringlicher gestaltet worden als am Schicksal des edelmütigen Ölprinzen Bunny Ross.

Symposium

Author: Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.). School of Law
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Takings International

Author: R. Alterman
Publisher: American Bar Association
ISBN: 9781604425505
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is the first large-scale effort devoted to this controversial issue, providing a vast platform of comparative knowledge on direct, indirect, categorical, and partial takings. Written for legal professionals, academics, urban and regional planners, real estate developers, and civil-society groups, the book analyzes thirteen advanced economy countries representing a variety of legal regimes, institutional structures, cultures, geographic sizes, and population densities.

Private Property Community Development and Eminent Domain

Author: Robin Paul Malloy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317075668
Format: PDF, ePub
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The contributors in this volume address the fundamental relationship between the state and its citizens, and among the people themselves. Discussion centers on a recent decision by the United States Supreme Court in the case of Kelo v. City of New London. This case involved the use of eminent domain power to acquire private property for purposes of transferring it by the State to another private party that would make "better" economic use of the land. This type of state action has been identified as an "economic development taking". In the Kelo case, the Court held that the action was legal within provisions of the US Constitution but the opinion was contentious among some of the Justices and has been met with significant negative outcry from the public. The Kelo case and the public debate arising in its aftermath give cause to assess the legal landscape related to the ability of government to fairly balance the tension between private property and the public interest. The tension and the need to successfully strike a balance are not unique to any one country or any one political system. From the United States to the United Kingdom, to the People's Republic of China, property and its legal regulation are of prime importance to matters of economic development and civic institution building. The Kelo decision, therefore, explores a rich set of legal principles with broad applicability.

Comparative Perspectives on Communal Lands and Individual Ownership

Author: Lee Godden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136946020
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Comparative Perspectives on Communal Lands and Individual Ownership: Sustainable Futures is a specially organized collection of critical debates, analyses and evaluations of changing models of property as the vehicle governing access to land and resources. These trends are explored in the context of current moves across many countries to privatize communal land holdings, and the collection comprises international analyses in conjunction with case studies – each of which explores an aspect of the broader themes of property, privatization, and sustainable communities – drawn from Australia, North America, South Africa, New Zealand, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Pacific region.

Land Rights and Expropriation in Ethiopia

Author: Daniel W. Ambaye
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319146394
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This thesis provides a new approach to the Ethiopian Land Law debate. The basic argument made in this thesis is that even if the Ethiopian Constitution provides and guarantees common ownership of land (together with the state) to the people, this right has not been fully realized whether in terms of land accessibility, enjoyability, and payment of fair compensation in the event of expropriation. Expropriation is an inherent power of the state to acquire land for public purpose activities. It is an important development tool in a country such as Ethiopia where expropriation remains the only method to acquire land. Furthermore, the two preconditions of payment of fair compensation and existence of public purpose justifications are not strictly followed in Ethiopia. The state remains the sole beneficiary of the process by capturing the full profit of land value, while paying inadequate compensation to those who cede their land by expropriation. Secondly, the broader public purpose power of the state in expropriating the land for unlimited activities puts the property owners under imminent risk of expropriation.

Land Law in Comparative Perspective

Author: International Association of Legal Science. Colloquium
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789041118790
Format: PDF
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Nothing provides as much material for comparative legal study as the great variety of rule-making that characterizes land law. Land law is perhaps the only legal area in which the leveling march of globalized uniformity has had to yield to the progressive development of local customary law. It is a rich and rewarding field for comparative law scholars, a field with a diverse past that resists classification and an equally unpredictable future. This engaging book presents fourteen stimulating essays, all originally presented at the 2001 Annual Colloquium of the International Association of Legal Science, held in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, in October 2001. These essays, all by leading scholars in the field, deal with a broad array of significant issues, including such debates as the following: Public vs. private property: a meaningful distinction? How customary law defeats the purpose of state land law Land ownership: to pollute or not to pollute? There are also detailed discussion of the special land needs of small islands, private residential governments, regulatory takings, land transfer, mortgage law, securities in property transactions, housing, town planning, agricultural land use, and water and riparian rights. The scope is global, with attention to the great differences in terminology and even in basic legal concepts. The lasting contribution of this symposium lies in its exposure of the enormous intellectual wealth arising from the numerous different legal techniques used to solve land use problems. No lawyer or legal scholar, no matter how conversant with land law, will come away from this book without valuable new ideas.

Value and Virtue in Public Administration

Author: Michiel S. de Vries
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230353886
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A multidisciplinary analysis of the role of values and virtue in public administration, this book calls for a rediscovery of virtue. It explores ways of enabling the public sector to balance the values that are presently dominant with classic values such as accountability, representation, equality, neutrality, transparency and the public interest.