Emulsions and Oil Treating Equipment

Author: Maurice Stewart
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080559025
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The problem of removing water which is emulsified with produced oil has grown more widespread and often times more difficult as producers attempt to access more difficult reserves. This practical guide is designed to help engineers and operators develop a "feel" for selection, sizing, and troubleshooting emulsion equipment. These skills are of vital importance to ensure low operating costs and to meet crude export quality specifications. The book is written for engineers and operators, who need advanced knowledge of the numerous techniques and the equipment used to destabilize and resolve petroleum emulsions problems. In Emulsions and Oil Treating Equipment: Selection, Sizing and Troubleshooting the author provides engineers and operators with a guide to understanding emulsion theory, methods and equipment, and practical design of a treating system. Comprehensive in its scope, the author explains methods such as: demulsifiers, temperature, electrostatics and non-traditional methods of modulated or pulsed voltage control, as well as equipment such as: electrostatic treater (dehydrator), separator, gunbarr heater-treater and free water knockout. Written in a "how to" format, it brings together hundreds of methods, handy formulas, diagrams and tables in one convenient book. Detailed coverage emulsion equipment and removal methods Tips for selecting, sizing, and operating emulsion equipment Overview of emulsion theory and factors affecting treatment methods Packed with equipment diagrams, worked out calculations covers equipment and removal methods

Water Purification and Management

Author: José Coca-Prados
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048197740
Format: PDF
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One of the major challenges for many Mediterranean and other countries is finding viable solutions to tackle water shortage. Some of the major water quality constraints derive from the high salinity of groundwater and from pollution sources such as: untreated domestic sewage, fertilizers and pesticides from irrigation drainage, industrial effluents, and solid waste disposal. Wastewater treatment processes involving physico-chemical and biological treatment, chemical oxidation, membrane technologies, along with methods of solids concentration and disposal are of special relevance in dealing with these problems. This volume contains selected lectures presented at the NATO ADVANCED TRAINING COURSE held in Oviedo (November 15-21, 2009) and sponsored by the NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) Programme. They cover a variety of topics from wastewater treatment methods to cleaner production strategies, as a careful management of water resources is the basis for sustainable development and to avoid potential security threats. The reader will benefit from a general view of some of the operations involved in wastewater treatment and solid concentration and disposal methods. A proper water reuse and recycling, together with efficient solid disposal, would contribute to a better use of the resources and a sustainable economic growth, particularly in many arid lands of the world.

Advances in Fluid Mechanics X

Author: C. A. Brebbia
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1845647904
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Containing the proceedings of the tenth International Conference on Advances in Fluid Mechanics it follows the success of all previous conferences in the series, the first of which took place in 1996. The field of fluid mechanics is vast and has numerous, diverse applications. This book covers a wide range of topics, including basic formulations and their computer modelling as well as the relationship between experimental and analytical results. The emphasis is on new applications and research currently in progress. Topics covered include: Computational methods; Hydrodynamics; Fluid structure interaction; Multiphase flow; Bio-fluids; Electronic components; Environmental fluid mechanics; Heat and mass transfer; Industrial applications; Energy systems; Nano and micro fluids; Turbulent flow; River hydraulics; Combustion problems; Jets; Fluidics; Bubble and drop dynamics.

Gas Liquid And Liquid Liquid Separators

Author: Maurice Stewart
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780080560212
Format: PDF, ePub
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Gas-Liquid And Liquid-Liquid Separators is practical guide designed to help engineers and operators develop a ?feel? for selection, specification, operating parameters, and trouble-shooting separators; form an understanding of the uncertainties and assumptions inherent in operating the equipment. The goal is to help familiarize operators with the knowledge and tools required to understand design flaws and solve everyday operational problems for types of separators. Gas-Liquid And Liquid-Liquid Separators is divided into six parts: Part one and two covers fundamentals such as: physical properties, phase behaviour and calculations. Part three through five is dedicated to topics such as: separator construction, factors affecting separation, vessel operation, and separator operation considerations. Part six is devoted to the ASME codes governing wall thickness determination of vessel weight fabrication, inspection, alteration and repair of separators 500 illustrations Easy to understand calculations methods Guide for protecting downstream equipment Helps reduce the loss of expensive intermediate ends Helps increase product purity

Produced Water Treatment Field Manual

Author: Maurice Stewart
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 1856179842
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Produced water is mainly salty water trapped in the reservoir rock and brought up along with oil or gas during production. Almost all offshore oilfields produce large quantities of contaminated water that can have significant environmental effects if not handled properly. Over the life of a well, the volume of water produced will exceed the volume of oil by a factor of 3-6 times. Since produced water has no commercial value, operators must find a way to treat relatively large amounts of water at the lowest possible cost. Packed with over 500 tables, figures, and equations, the objective of this book is to provide any one who is involved in the design, operation, maintenance and sizing of produced water treatment systems, with a handy reference to the latest technology, management, treatment, and handling practices. This book will provide readers with the necessary insight to: Present a description of the various water treating equipment that are currently in use Provide performance data for each unit Develop a "feel" for the parameters needed for design and their relative importance Develop and understanding of the uncertainties and assumptions inherent in the design of the various items of equipment Outline sizing procedures and equipment selection The objective of this book is to provide the reader with sufficient information to make better logical choices in designing and operating the system. To a large extent, the design of a system, the sizing of individual pieces of equipment and the operation of the system must be tempered by the experience and judgement of the designer and operator. Present a description of the various water treating equipment that are currently in use Provide performance data for each unit Develop a "feel" for the parameters needed for design and their relative importance Develop and understanding of the uncertainties and assumptions inherent in the design of the various items of equipment Outline sizing procedures and equipment selection.

Surface Production Operations Volume 1

Author: Maurice Stewart
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080555072
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The latest edition of this best-selling title is updated and expanded for easier use by engineers. New to this edition is a section on the fundamentals of surface production operations taking up topics from the oilfield as originally planned by the authors in the first edition. This information is necessary and endemic to production and process engineers. Now, the book offers a truly complete picture of surface production operations, from the production stage to the process stage with applications to process and production engineers. · New in-depth coverage of hydrocarbon characteristics, the different kinds of reservoirs, and impurities in crude. · Practical suggestions help readers understand the art and science of handling produced liquids. · Numerous, easy-to-read figures, charts, tables, and photos clearly explain how to design, specify, and operate oilfield surface production facilities.

Oilfield Processing of Petroleum Crude oil

Author: Francis S. Manning
Publisher: PennWell Books
ISBN: 9780878143542
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This second volume from Manning and Thompson covers process descriptions, designs methods, operating procedures, and troubleshooting in great detail. Nearly every chapter is concluded with review questions and practical numerical problems. Like Volume One, this new text is the definitive source on its topic and contains numerous diagrams and appendices, as well as case histories. Following the format set forth in their first volume, the authors have included a glossary of terms and list of abbreviations as well as conversion units. Volume Two covers phase separation, firetube heaters, energy conservation, instrumentation and process control as well as pressure relief and flaring. Contents: Introduction and scope; Characterization of crude oil; Phase behavior of crude oil; Water-in-crude-oil emulsions; Field processing of crude oil; Separation of gas, oil and water; Dehydration of crude oil; Desalting of crude oil; Crude sweeting & stabilization; Pumps; Measurement of crude oil; Fire heaters; Pipeline transportation; Energy conservation; Instrumentation and process control; Pressure relief and flaring; Case histories; Appendices.