Encyclopedia of Community Policing and Problem Solving

Author: Kenneth J. Peak
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506307779
Format: PDF, Docs
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Community policing, as a philosophy, supports the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues, including crime, social disorder, and fear of crime—as opposed to responding to crime after it occurs. Community policing expands the traditional police mandate. It broadens the focus of fighting crime to include solving community problems and forming partnerships with people in the community so average citizens can contribute to the policing process. Originating during police reform efforts of the 1970s, the philosophy of community policing is currently widespread and embraced by many citizens, police administrators, scholars, and local and federal politicians. What sorts of collaborative partnerships have evolved between policing agencies and the individuals and communities they serve? How do police departments engage in systematic examination of identified problems to develop effective responses? How have police departments aligned their organizational structures to best support community partnerships and proactive problem solving? Just how effective have efforts at community policing been? These questions and more are explored within the pages of this new reference work. Features: A collection of 150 to 175 entries are organized in A-to-Z fashion in one volume available in both electronic and print formats. Signed entries, authored by significant figures in the field, each conclude with Cross-References and Suggestions for Further Readings to guide students to in-depth resources. Brief "What Works" case studies within appropriate entries profile community policing programs and strategies as tried in various cities and communities. Although organized in A-to-Z fashion, a thematic "Reader's Guide" in the front matter groups related entries by broad topic areas (e.g., Foundations; Methods & Practices; Legislation & National Organizations; Changing Agency Culture; Planning & Implementation; Training & Curriculum; Assessment & Evaluation; etc.). Also included in the front matter, a Chronology provides students with historical perspective of the development of community policing. The entire work concludes with a Resources appendix listing classic books, journals, and associations, followed by a comprehensive Index.

The Encyclopedia of Police Science

Author: Jack R. Greene
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415970008
Format: PDF
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First published in 1996, this work covers all the major sectors of policing in the United States. Political events such as the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, have created new policing needs while affecting public opinion about law enforcement. This third edition of the "Encyclopedia" examines the theoretical and practical aspects of law enforcement, discussing past and present practices.

Encyclopedia of violence peace and conflict

Author: Lester R. Kurtz
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780122270130
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Anthropological Studies, Biomedical Studies, Communications, Criminology, cultural studies, economic studies, ethical studies, historical studies, international relations, peace and conflict studies, political studies, psychological studies, public policy studies, sociological studies, warfare and military studies.

Encyclopedia of Social Media and Politics

Author: Kerric Harvey
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483389006
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Encyclopedia of Social Media and Politics explores how the rise of social media is altering politics both in the United States and in key moments, movements, and places around the world. Its scope encompasses the disruptive technologies and activities that are changing basic patterns in American politics and the amazing transformations that social media use is rendering in other political systems heretofore resistant to democratization and change. In a time when social media are revolutionizing and galvanizing politics in the United States and around the world, this encyclopedia is a must-have reference. It reflects the changing landscape of politics where old modes and methods of political communication from elites to the masses (top down) and from the masses to elites (bottom up) are being displaced rapidly by social media, and where activists are building new movements and protests using social media to alter mainstream political agendas. Key Features This three-volume A-to-Z encyclopedia set includes 600 short essays on high-interest topics that explore social media’s impact on politics, such as “Activists and Activism,” “Issues and Social Media,” “Politics and Social Media,” and “Popular Uprisings and Protest.” A stellar array of world renowned scholars have written entries in a clear and accessible style that invites readers to explore and reflect on the use of social media by political candidates in this country, as well as the use of social media in protests overseas Unique to this book is a detailed appendix with material unavailable anywhere else tracking and illustrating social media usage by U.S. Senators and Congressmen. This encyclopedia set is a must-have general, non-technical resource for students and researchers who seek to understand how the changes in social networking through social media are affecting politics, both in the United States and in selected countries or regions around the world.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment

Author: David Levinson
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780761922582
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the much-needed practices, policies, and research and will be of interest to students, teachers, and the general reader alike. This work should be on the shelves of all libraries with collections in the social sciences." Larry E. Sullivan, Ph.D. Chief Librarian, John Jay College of Criminal Justice Crime. It started with Cain and Abel, and it won’t end with the Sopranos. Our fascination with transgression and its punishment is universal. And now, from Sage – the publisher of criminal justice abstracts and other standards in the field – comes the ultimate reference source on this all-consuming subject: comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-the second. Comprehensive and balanced coverage of: Concepts and theories Correction Law Crimes Methods and statistics National surveys Organizations Police science Social and cultural context Features and benefits: - 100% original content - Broader, more up-to-date coverage than any other source on the market 275 Contributors 425 Signed entries 150 Illustrations Prestigious advisory board overseeing quality 1.5 million words 250 sidebars offering key primary source documents 100 "factoids," spotlighting important, and sometimes startling, information International coverage, with focus on the contemporary United States Chronology, master bibliography, and general index Appendixes: Careers in criminal justice; Professional organizations; Guidance on using the Web to collect accurate information Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment covers the waterfront. Entries include: Broken windows theory Child witness Environmental crime Interpol Media Pathology Prison industry Religion in prison Securities fraud Spectator violence Television Victimization War crimes Wrongful convictions ADVISORY BOARD Anita Blowers University of North Carolina, Charlotte Eve Buzawa University of Massachusetts, Lowell Ric Curtis John Jay College of Criminal Justice Harry Dammer Niagara University Obi Ebbe University of Tennessee, Chattanooga Frank Horvath Michigan State University Phyllis Schultze Rutgers University Larry Sullivan John Jay College of Criminal Justice

The Encyclopedia of Housing

Author: Willem van Vliet
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9780761913320
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This authoritative resource brings into focus the many important connections among the different disciplines in the field of housing - planning, architecture, social sciences, environmental design, business law and others. The Encyclopedia of Housing assists in the conceptualization of housing problems and outlines methods for studying and resolving them. While much of the work focuses on the USA, there are also essays on housing in Western Europe and Japan, and on the World Bank and the World Health Organization. Given the inclusion of broad thematic material and subjects of relevance to housing in all industrialized countries, The Encyclopedia of Housing will be a vital resource for researchers, practitioners and students everywhere.

Encyclopedia of Women and Crime

Author: Nicole Hahn Rafter
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781573562140
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Covers women as offenders, victims, criminologists, criminal lawyers, reformers and workers in the criminal justice system.