Endings and Beginnings

Author: Larry I. Palmer
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275966812
Format: PDF, Docs
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Explains why society should resist the tendency to look to science and law for a resolution of intimate matters such as how our children are born and how we die.

rztlich assistierter Suizid und organisierte Sterbehilfe

Author: Kallia Gavela
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642311733
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Das deutsche Strafgesetzbuch kennt keinen Sondertatbestand der Suizidbeteiligung. Rechtliche Konstruktionen und Wertungen insbesondere höchstrichterlicher Herkunft füllen diese Lücke. Die sich daraus vor allem für behandelnde Ärzte ergebenden Probleme drängen sich bei unheilbar kranken, dem Tode geweihten Patienten geradezu auf. Das Werk behandelt diese Fragen im Spannungsverhältnis von Strafrecht, Medizinrecht und Ethik. Die Autorin zeigt die Grenzen auf, innerhalb derer die ärztliche Beteiligung am Patientensuizid rechtlich zulässig und ethisch vertretbar ist. Die Arbeit behandelt außerdem die Probleme, die aus der Einführung einer strafrechtlichen Regelung gegen „suspekte“ organisierte Suizidhilfeangebote erwachsen, deckt Defizite der jüngst vorgeschlagenen Lösungsansätze auf und gibt Anstöße für Wissenschaft, Praxis und Kriminalpolitik. Ein Blick auf ausländische Rechtsordnungen, Entscheidungen und Tendenzen rundet das Bild ab.

Cord Blood

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309095867
Format: PDF, Docs
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With the potential for self-renewal and differentiation, the possibilities for stem cells are enormous. One specific type of stem cell, the hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC), which is derived from umbilical cord blood (as well as adult bone marrow and mobilized peripheral blood), holds particular promise. To make the most of these HPCs, the Institute of Medicine was asked to consider the optimal structure for a national cord blood program and to address pertinent issues related to maximizing the potential of stem cell technology. Cord Blood: Establishing a National Hematopoietic Stem Cell Bank Program examines: The role of cord blood in stem cell transplantation The current status of blood banks already in existence The optimal structure for the cord blood program The current use and utility of cord blood for stem cell transplants The best way to advance the use of cord blood units and make them available for research Expert advice from leaders in the fields of economics, public health, medicine, and biostatistics combine to make this very timely and topical book useful to a number of stakeholders.

Ethical Considerations for Research Involving Prisoners

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309101190
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the past 30 years, the population of prisoners in the United States has expanded almost 5-fold, correctional facilities are increasingly overcrowded, and more of the country's disadvantaged populations—racial minorities, women, people with mental illness, and people with communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, and tuberculosis—are under correctional supervision. Because prisoners face restrictions on liberty and autonomy, have limited privacy, and often receive inadequate health care, they require specific protections when involved in research, particularly in today's correctional settings. Given these issues, the Department of Health and Human Services' Office for Human Research Protections commissioned the Institute of Medicine to review the ethical considerations regarding research involving prisoners. The resulting analysis contained in this book, Ethical Considerations for Research Involving Prisoners, emphasizes five broad actions to provide prisoners involved in research with critically important protections: • expand the definition of "prisoner"; • ensure universally and consistently applied standards of protection; • shift from a category-based to a risk-benefit approach to research review; • update the ethical framework to include collaborative responsibility; and • enhance systematic oversight of research involving prisoners.

Euthanasia

Author: Loreta M. Medina
Publisher: Greenhaven
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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Presents a series of essays that cover the history of the debate over euthanasia and the right-to-die movement in the United States.

Dispelling the Myths of Abortion History

Author: Joseph W. Dellapenna
Publisher:
ISBN:
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In Roe v. Wade, Justice Harry Blackmun structured the argument of the majority around the history of abortion laws. That history built on the work of law professor Cyril Means, Jr., and historian James Mohr. Means and Mohr proclaim four theses as summarizing the “true” history of abortion in England and America: (1) Abortion was not a crime “at common law” (before the enactment of abortion statutes in the nineteenth century. (2) Abortion was common and relatively safe during this time.(3) Abortion statutes were enacted in the nineteenth century in order to protect the life of the mother rather than the life of the embryo or fetus.(4) The moving force behind the nineteenth-century statutes was the attempt of the male medical profession to suppress competition from competing practitioners of alternative forms of medicine.This book dispels these myths and sets forth the true history of abortion and abortion law in English and American society. Anglo- American law always treated abortion as a serious crime, generally including early in pregnancy. Prosecutions and even executions go back 800 years in England, establishing law that carried over to colonial America. The reasons offered for these prosecutions and penalties consistently focused on protecting the life of the unborn child. This unbroken tradition refutes the claims that unborn children have not been treated as persons in our law or as persons under the Constitution of the United States.